The Arthur Salm Foundation
The Salm Foundation was formed by the Collectors Club of Chicago in March 1991 to conduct research on philatelic products. Funding was donated by the Salm family with the CCC providing a matching grant. Officers, who served without compensation, are Lester Winick, president; Bernard Hennig, Vice President; Jacob Bard, Secretary; and Raymond Vogel, Treasurer.
The Foundation purchased commercial philatelic products manufactured around the world that are sold in the United States. These materials were submitted to a professional commercial laboratory for testing. One problem has been that stamp collectors have found that their album pages show serious deterioration due to acidic conditions present in the paper. This acidic codnition has been found to “migrate” to the postage stamp or cover attached to the page. Paper with low acidity or manufactured under neutral or alkaline conditions, can be expected to contribute signifcantly to the life of the pages and mounted philatelic material.
The CCC published a series of six pamphlets on a variety of philatelic products using an independent laboratory to do the testing. Results included the name and publisher of each item as well as a description. Testing was quite extensive and included album pages, stamp hinges, stock books, corners, glassine envelopes, stamped envelopes, computer paper for printing pages, false stamps, pressure sensitive self-adhesive U.S. stamps, and more. 146 commercial products were tested, not including the various fakes stamps specified in the reports.
More than 4,000 of these reports were distributed throughout the world, and the CCC is proud to state that not a single product was challenged. We did have one challenge from a distributor who threatened to sue the CCC. We asked for a copy of his lab test but he had none. We sent him a copy of our lab test to show to his manufacturer. Very sheepishly, he called to apologize and said that the CCC report was correct.
The six reports are available for a legal or large size self-addressed envelope with $1.06 postage affixed. Send your requests to: Collectors Club of Chicago, 1029 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, IL 60610-2803. Please allow 3-4 weeks for delivery.
Report Number 4
List of Labels Purporting to Be Stamps
AAYMAN ISLANDS: (Dayman, Layman, Nayman, Sayman, Yayman, etc.): British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
ABD AL KURI: Small island in Indian Ocean between Socotra and Horn Of Africa.
ABKHAZIA: Part of Georgia in Asia.
ABOMINABLE SNOWMANIA: Punch magazine cover parody.
ACAMBARO: Mexico provisional issue produced in 1893 simulating 1867 issue.
ACAPONETA: Mexican revolutionary provisional overprint on 1910 issue.
ACCR: Antarctic Confederation of City Republics.
ACFT: Antarctic Confederation of Federal Territories.
ACHTERDIJK: (Behind the Dike) Donald Evans issue, Holland.
ACRE, TERRITORY OF: Brazil rebellious state that was purchased from Bolivia in 1902.
ADALUNCATIFF: No Information Available.
ADIGEY: Bogus Russian local overprint.
ADJARIA: Bogus Russian issue.
ADJUDANI: Donald Evans issue, Persia.
ADRIA-ALPENVORLAND: No Information Available.
AHU'A: Bogus fantasy stamp from Burma.
AKATA: Fantasy bogus issue from the Philippines.
ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE: Freedom movement in exile.
ALDABRA, KINGDOM OF: Atoll north of Assumption Island.
ALEXANDRIA: Bogus issue from 1860's featuring an elephant.
ALLENDE: Mexican overprint printed in 1914 on 5-centavo stamp of the 1910 issue.
ALTAI or ALTAY Bogus Russian issue.
ALTAJ: Bogus Russian local overprint.
ALUALA: Donald Evans issue.
AMAZONIA: Near Brazil and French Guiana. Connected with the bogus state of Counani.
AMIS AND AMANTS: Donald Evans issue, South Pacific Islands about friendship and love.
AMORA: Advertisement created to sell chocolates on Valentines Day.
AMUNDSEN HARBOR: Antarctic fantasy.
AMUR: Siberia USSR province. The People's Revolutionary Committee issued stamps in 1920.
AMURSKAVA Bogus Russian issue.
ANACHRON, STATE OF: Artistamps, dinosaur hunting stamps.
ANGLET: France-supposed republic for dogs.
ANGOLA GOVERNMENT IN EXILE: Supposed freedom issues for Angola. A Henry Stull fantasy, once listed in Ohio telephone book under "Stamps for Collectors."
ANGWEELA, FREE: Parody of Anguilla overprints.
ANKARA: Turkish capital with stamps issued after WW II by Nationalist Revolutionists.
ANTARCTICA: Labels for 1954 expedition.
ANTIQUA: Donald Evans issue, Maine.
ARABIA: Triangular bogus stamp issue of stamps of Arabia from the 1920's.
ARAMOANA: Independent state in New Zealand.
ARAN, REPUBLIC OF (ARAN ISLANDS): Bogus overprint from Ireland in 1967.
ARBAH: One of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, Griffin & Sabine.
ARCHIPIELAGO DE COLON: Ecuador.
ARCOUDI: Greek Island stamps repudiated by government in 1963.
ASSAB: Ethiopia, City on Red Sea.
ASSELIJN: Donald Evans issue taken from name of an Amsterdam gallery.
AT TAWAL: Disputed neutral zone in Arabia. Overprint on Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
ATJEH: Sumatra: Supposed vassal state issued in early 1880's, possible 1892.
ATLANTIS Y LEMURIA: Overprints on Atlantis stamps.
ATLANTIS Y MU: Pacific equivalent of Atlantis stamps.
ATLANTIS, NEW: Raft moored off Jamaica.
ATLANTIS, KINGDOM OF: A Henry Stull fantasy, once listed in Ohio telephone book under "Stamps for Collectors."
ATLANTIS: Mythical island country in the Atlantic or Caribbean.
ATLANTIUM, EMPIRE OF: Bogus state in Australia.
AUCKLAND ISLANDS: New Zealand, 200 miles south of Stewart Island. Issued in 1915 for General Grant Expedition.
AZAD HIND: Unissued German "Free India" stamps.
BABATOLAND British Colonial Royal
Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BAENA: Spanish province with stamps overprinted in 1937 to mark anniversary of occupation of Baena.
BAIKAL: Bogus Russian local overprint.
BANANA REPUBLIC: Advertising fantasy created by company of same name.
BANANA, REPUBLICA DE: Donald Evans issue, Central America.
BAND OF GOOD HOPE: Fantasy based on stationery of Cape of Good Hope.
BANGSA MORO: Philippines, Muslim controlled area, handstamp on Philippine Islands stamps.
BANTAYAN ISLANDS: Philippine island northeast of Cebu.
BARANJA: Jugoslavia stamps overprinted for Bosnian Republic.
BARBABAR: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BARCENTRUM: Donald Evans issue, Netherlands.
BARDSEY: Island off the coast of Wales that issued labels bearing its name.
BASHKIRIA: Bogus Russian issue.
BASHKORTOSTAN: Bogus Russian local overprint.
BATEKE: Equatorial Africa, bogus Portuguese territory.
BATUM, BATUMI: USSR port city and stamps were issued during British occupation from Dec. 1918 to July 1920. Bogus stamps were issued in 1993.
BEAR'S GREASE REPUBLIC: Country created in 1977 for Fun and Fact Calendar by Erbe Publications.
BECHUCHULAND PROTECTORATE: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BENERA ISLAND: Island off the Coast of Scotland with labels bearing its name.
BESSARABIA: Bogus Russian local overprint.
BIROBIDZHAN: Former Soviet-Jewish autonomous republic in Southern Siberia.
BJORN OYA: Bear Island-US local post, also overprints on Norway stamps.
BOJU OFU: Bogus issue from Burma.
BOKHARA: Russia, vassal state. Bogus stamps issued in 1886 in Central Asia.
BOLLAWOLLABONGO (WOLLAWOLLABONGO): No Information Available.
BONGONGA: Spoof stamps created for 1936 stamp exhibition.
BOOKGIRL, REPUBLIC OF: Artistamp.
BOONIE ISLANDS: Remote nonexistent place.
BOSTON ISLAND: Fantasy stamp from American Journal of Philately.
BOUVET OYA: Antarctic island-overprints on stamps of Norway repudiated by Norwegian government.
BRECQHOU (BRECHOU): Island in English Channel with labels bearing its name.
BREIZ: Bogus stamps for French province.
BRITISH DURDURAS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BRITISH GUIAGU: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BRITISH MONMON ISLANDS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BRITISH NAIANA: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
BUKOVINA: Ukrainian local overprint.
BUMBUNGA, PROVINCE OF: Australian secessionist state three hectares north of Adelaide.
BURIATIA: Bogus Russian
CADAQUES: Donald Evans issue, Spain.
CALDEY ISLAND: Island off the coast of Wales with labels bearing its name.
CALF OF MAN: Local carriage labels began in 1962 and 400 different were printed to 1972.
CALIPHATE OF SOMA: Artistamp.
CALLAWAY, KINGDOM OF: Advertising overprinted on U.S. stamps for a homecoming celebration.
CALUDA, TERRITOIRES (KATIBO): Donald Evans issue, South America.
CALVE ISLAND: Small island off the coast of Mull.
CANNA ISLAND: Labels bearing its name are charity seals.
CAPACUA: Bolivia, bogus issued in 1883 by Moens of Belgium, for a mythical state with the capital of Santa Teresa as an April Fool's prank.
CAPOLAND: Country that moves based on political situation. For example, during World War II it was located in Salt Lake City.
CARATCHAEVO: Bogus Russian issue.
CARAWAK: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
CARKS AND CAICTU ISLANDS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
CARN IAR: British local carriage labels.
CASTLEMORE: Ireland fantasy.
CAT ISLAND: Fantasy stamp from American Journal of Philately.
CAVE: Ceylon overprint that was applied to prevent theft.
CESTODA: British fantasy.
CHABACANO, REPOBLIK DE: Bogus stamps for fictional republic in the Philippines.
CHAKASIA: Bogus Russian local overprint.
CHAUSEY: British Channel Island.
CHECHENIA: Russian label.
CHERKESIA: Bogus Russian issue.
CHEROKEE NATION: Island in the Rio Grande that was going to declare independence.
CHIAPAS LIBRE: Mexican State that is center of revolutionary movement. Issued stamps in 1995.
CHRISTMAS ISLAND: Stamps printed prior to 1958 were printed and used by the Central Pacific Coconut Plantation Ltd.
CHRISTMAS ISLAND AUSTRALIA: Booklets that have no connection with Australia Post or any official status.
CHUASHIA: Bogus Russian issue.
CHUVASHIA: Bogus Russian issue.
CLAUSLAND: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
CLAUSLANDIA: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
CLAVOLOGIQUE, PRINCIPALITY OF: Bogus label of French origin.
CLIPPERTON ISLAND: Mexico, overprinted with a diagonal "Clipperton" and issued in 1885 for island in the Pacific 800 miles from San Francisco. During the late 19th century the Oceanic Phosphate Co. printed local labels and used them for the company's mail.
CONCH REPUBLIC: Propaganda secession of the FLorida Keys in 1982 to protest roadblocks by the U.S. Border Patrol to catch illegal immigrants.
COOK LAND: North Pole bogus issue in early 1900's.
COOLAND: No Information Available-related to West Refaim.
CORAL SEA ISLANDS TERRITORY: Islands off the coast of Queensland.
COROCO: State near Chile used in book Clue of the Postage Stamp by Arthur Bray in 1913. Bogus stamp affixed to cover of book.
COSME COLONY: Paraguay bogus overprints for Australian settlement.
COUNANI, FREE STATE OF: Claimed all the land north of the Amazon River including port of Manaus to the boundaries of the Guianas. Bogus stamps issued in 1886,1893 and 1904.
CROATIA GOVERNMENT IN EXILE: Propaganda issues by various Croatian freedom movements.
CUERVO GOLD, REPUBLIC OF: Caribbean island fantasy produced by a liquor firm.
CWLADFA PATAGONIA (Colony of Patagonia): Argentina.
CYMRU: Welsh propaganda issue.
DAGESTAN: Bogus Russian local overprint.
DAHLAK ISLANDS: Labels produced for scientific expedition to explore Ethiopian coastal islands.
DALMACIJA, DALMATIA: Jugoslavia.
DAM BATAI: Bogus issues from Burma.
DAPHSO ISLAND: Island in South China Sea.
DAVAAR ISLAND: Island off the coast of Scotland with local issue bearing its name.
DAY DREAM ISLAND: Publicity label produced by a hotel in Queensland.
DEB'S COLONY POSTAGE: Fantasy from American Journal of Philately.
DERRY, FREE: Fantasy from National Lampoon.
DHUFAR: Bogus propaganda stamps for area in Arabia.
DIE WELT: Germany "Germania" issue overprint produced for "War Stamp Exhibition in London in 1915 as a jocular allusion to the much vaunted German aspirations to rule the earth."
DOBOJ: Local Republic Srpska issue for Jugoslavia.
DOLAND: Donald Evans issue.
DOMINIDO: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
DON RIVER RAILWAY SOCIETY: Tasmania fantasy sheet.
DONKO MULAS: April Fools prank-valued in either cents or ore.
DOUGERTHY & HESPERIES ISLANDS: Bogus Pacific Island group.
DRAGONERA: Greek Island stamps repudiated by government in 1963.
DRAKE'S ISLAND: Great Britain local post off Devon Coast.
DRUK-PU: Bhutan overprints on India. DUCIE ISLAND, DEPENDENCY OF: Pitcairn Island bogus overprint. DUCKSTAD: Donald Duck's own country-from Netherlands.
EASDALE ISLAND: Scotland, 1996 local issue.
EASTER ISLAND: Bogus issue with frame used on St. Vincent stamps.
EASTERN SIBERIA: Bogus Russian local overprint.
EDELWEISS, KINGDOM OF: Imperial residence in Winston-Salem, NC, Artistamp.
EDEN ISLAND: Parody of possible Swiss origin.
EILBERT & CELICE ISLANDS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
EL DORADO, FEDERATED STATE OF: Fantasy from The American Philatelist.
ELFLAND: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
ELLEORE: Children's holiday trips. Stamps used to support efforts.
ELLSENARRE: No Information Available.
EMBO: Scotland, seceded from Great Britain for one day in 1985.
EMPEROR OF THE WORLD: India, produced in 1892.
EMPIRE OF UR: No Information Available.
EREHWON, PRINCIPALITY OF: Nowhere spelled backwards, George Fabian fantasy.
ESPERANAT RESPUBLIKO INSULO ROZOJ (Republic of Isle of Roses): A 400 square meter platform constructed in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
ESQUIMEUX POSTAGE: Fantasy from American Journal of Philately.
ESTADO DE JIPIJAPA: Bogus Mexican state.
ETAT DOMINO: Donald Evans issue.
ETHIOPIA, FREE: Charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
EVENKIA: Bogus Russian issue.
EYNHALLOW: (Holy Island) off the coast of Scotland with labels bearing its name printed in the 1970's.
FANNING ISLAND: Bogus issue using frame of St. Vincent stamp.
FANTIPPO: From Dr. Doolittle books. Fauna & Flora: Donald Evans issue.
FEDERATION OF EQUATORIAL, ANTARCTIC & INTERPLANETARY TOPICALA: No Information Available.
FEDERATION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES: Located in Burma, labels used to draw attention to human rights violations.
FIFI: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
FORGOTTONIA: Overprinted U.S. stamps for proposed republic in Western Illinois.
FR. JOSIP EARTH: Franz Joseph Land.
FRANDIA: Donald Evans issue.
FRANZ-JOSEPH LAND: North Pole bogus issue of 1874 for expedition of Weyprecht & Beyer.
FREE DERRY: Fantasy from National Lampoon.
FREE ETHIOPIA: Charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
FREE VINLAND: Independent West Vinland.
FREISTAT CARNEVALIS: No Information Available.
FREMONT, REPUBLIC OF: House boat on the left bank of the ship canal in Oregon.
FRENCH WEST AFRICA: Used as promotion for Tarzan movie (in English).
FRESTONIA: Area in London that seceded for publicity purposes.
FROMAGE COLONAISE FRANCAISE: Bogus French cheese colony stamps.
GAGAUZIA: Bogus Russian local overprint.
GAIRSAY: Scottish local post in Orkney Islands.
GALAMA: Advertisement of German origin.
GAMBIERS: Oceania island group, bogus overprints in 1877.
GAMBILLA: French bicycle fantasy.
GILBBER & GILCE ISLANDS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
GILLIGANS ISLAND: Issued for supposed uncharted
isle in Pacific created for popular television program.
GINGIN ISLANDS: British Colonial Royal Wedding
frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
GLACETON: Antarctic fantasy issue.
GLENVEAGH: Donald Evans issue, Ireland.
GNOSTIS: Donald Evans issue, mystical symbols.
GOAT ISLAND: Irish bogus stamps printed on
water soluble paper.
GOBIERNO CONSTITUCIONALISTA AGUASCALIENTES:
Mexican overprint on five stamps and one postage due label by revolutionary
forces in 1914.
GOFFREA: No Information Available.
GOGO ISLAND: Stamp designs from Editions Pen,
GOPSHE: Donald Evans issue, a friend's dog.
GORDONIA: Possible Jewish colony.
GRAHAM MEMORIAL CITY: Antarctic fantasy issue.
GRAND FENWICK, DUCHY OF: Advertising fantasies
produced for movie, The Mouse That Roared.
GREAT BITTER LAKE ASSOCIATION (GBLA): Stamps
issued by ships trapped in Suez Canal after the seven day war.
GREAT ISLAND: Donald Evans definitive issue
GREEN MOUNTAIN PRINCIPALITY: Overprints on
bogus State of Oman stamps.
GRUNAY ISLAND: Scotland local post in Skeoris,
GUERNSEY-SARK: Island in English Channel with
labels bearing this inscription.
GUGH ISLAND: Great Britain local carriage label.
GUMACA, STATE OF: Bogus Philippine Island issue.
GUTIGUA: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames
from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
GUYLAND, REPUBLIC OF: Artistamp.
HAHAMAS: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
HAKASIA: Bogus Russian local overprint.
HENDERSON ISLAND, DEPENDENCY OF: Bogus overprint
of Pitcairn Island.
HERM: Island off the coast of Guernsey with local
labels bearing its name.
HESTON: Island off the coast of Scotland with
labels bearing its name.
HEYCHELLES: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames
from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
HILBRE ISLAND: Bogus British local issue.
HILDASAY: Tiny island in Shetlands.
HIMRIYYA: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames
from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
HONAH LEE: Puff the Magic Dragon's kingdom.
HOP ISLES: Connected with Cooland and West Refaim.
HUMANITY, KINGDOM OF: Island between Philippines
HUTT RIVER PROVINCE: Australia secessionist area.
ICCR: International Council of City Republics.
IFOR-BOSNIA: Ukraine Forces in Bosnia.
ILE BARBE: France fantasy stamps by A. Bourdi.
ILE ROY: France restaurant fantasy.
ILES DES SOURDS (ISLANDS OF THE DEAF): Donald
Evans issue, tropical archipelago.
INDOMALAYSIA: Punch magazine cover parody.
INGOLF: Overprints on U.S. stamps somewhere
in the Atlantic, may be a ship marking.
INGUSHETIA: Bogus Russian issue.
INTERSOL, KINGDOM OF: Stamps created to advertise
IRANQ: Supposed federation of Iran and Iraq,
IRELAND, FREE: Propaganda labels for a united
Ireland produced by Price & Co. of Ireland.
IROQUOIS FEDERATION: Parody or spoof from Punch
ISLA DE MAS AFUERA: Chi1e overprints.
ISO: Swedish island in Baltic Sea, a bogus
and speculative local.
IVIGUT: Bogus local post from Greenland.
JAMES COOK LAND: Antarctic fantasy.
JANTAR: Donald Evans issue, Portuguese.
JASON ISLAND: Falkland Islands nature preserve.
JERKONIA: Canada fantasy issue.
JERMEND: Donald Evans issue.
JEWISH REPUBLIC: Bogus Russian issue.
JIJI: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames
from book "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.".
JOGUE: India protective (to prevent employee
theft) overprint produced in 1892.
JUDEA, STATE OF: Palestine proposed state by
Rabbi Meir Kahane in the 1980's.
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