of Stamp Collecting Terms
E: 1: Special Delivery; Scott catalog number prefix
to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: (Sp.) abbreviation
of "Entrada" in censor marks. 3: auction abbreviation for
essay. 4: uction abbreviation for Euro; European Economic Community/EEC.
5: abbreviation for escudo, currency unit of Portugal, etc. 6. Europe:
British stamp introduced in 1999, as a non-value-indicated stamp to
prepay the letter rate to any of the European countries. 7: Engineer,
South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 8: Bavaria overprint
(Eisenbahn railroad), 1908. 9: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint
for Spain. 10: "E" inscription, US nondenominated
stamp, valued 25¢, placed on sale Mar.22, 1988. 11. international
postal code for Spain.
e: (It.) and
£E: auction abbreviation for pound (Egypt).
EA: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Algeria. 2: Greece overprint
for Chios; Aegean Islands.
E.A.F.: East Africa Forces; overprint on stamps of Great Britain,
Italian Somaliland, 1943-48.
Eagle: originated as a post office symbol in 1970, also used for
name change for Post Office Department to United States Postal Service; see: Mercury, Post rider.
Eagle Card Co.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Eagle City Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1848-50.
EAK: international postal code for Kenya.
Eamoy: (Resembles these letters) Provisional government of Samos-Greece.
Earee, Rev. Robert: (1846-1928) author of the two-volume work Album
Weeds, which described every known forged stamp of that period.
Earle & Prew's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, and towns
in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1872-1909.
Earle Express Co.: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston,
and towns in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1839-73.
Earliest documented use (EDU): the date when the stamp
was first used in the U.S. mails.
Earliest known use (EKU): term applied to earliest date on which
a stamp is recorded to have been used.
Earliest surviving letters: clay tablets in a cuneiform script,
that was baked and hardened, then placed in clay envelope type containers.
Earl of Crawford: James Lindsey, 1847-1914, enthusiastic stamp
collector, The Catalogue of the Philatelic Library of the Earl of
was 923 pages.
Early Empire Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society section that
studies the postal history of the first 30 years of the German Empire:
Early impression: a stamp that has been printed from a plate which
has just begun to run on the press; distinguished from later printings
taken from the same plate that will not be as sharp as the "early
Earth stamp: undenominated U. S. stamp of 1988 showing the planet
EAS: Eugene A. Smith, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928;
see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Eas, Easa: overprint variety in British East Africa overprints.
Easdale Island: local Scottish island, 1996.
East Africa and Uganda: central East Africa, on the Indian Ocean;
1903: first stamps replaced separate issues for British East Africa
and for Uganda, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East
African Posts and Telecommunications Union formed, 1935: first commemorative,
air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps overprinted "Official"
used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all areas, 1959: first
official stamp, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika
and Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community),
1964: first commemorative stamp, 1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania
bear only one country name, stamps only valid to prepay postage in the
specific country, 1977, June 30: individual country's postal services
took over that function.
East Africa & Uganda Protectorates: central East Africa; currency:
16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 cents = 1 shilling (1922), 20 shillings = 1
pound 1894: Uganda Protectorate declared British Protectorate, 1903:
No.1, 1/2 anna gray-green, first stamps replaced separate issues for
British East Africa and for Uganda, 1906: first stamps as East Africa and Uganda Protectorates, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East African Posts and Telecommunications
Union formed, 1935: first air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps
"Official" used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all
areas, 1962: Uganda became independent, 1963: colony became independent
as Kenya, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and
Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community),
1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania bear only one country name,
stamps only valid to prepay postage in the specific country, 1977, June
30: individual countries postal services took over that function.
East Africa, British: see: British East Africa.
East Africa Forces: see: E.A.F.
East Africa, German: see: German East Africa.
East Africa, Italian: 1936, June 1: Italy declared its East African
possessions to be an "Empire," consisting of Ethiopia, Eritrea,
and Italian Somaliland, 1941: Italy occupied British Somaliland Protectorate,
Italian forces driven from East Africa, Ethiopia liberated, 1938: Italy
issued stamps for this territory inscribed "Africa Orientale Italiana."
East & West Junction Railway: British local post.
East Anglian Valentine: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Boston Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Boston and
East Boston, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East China People's Post: regional issue; includes Anhwei, Chekiang,
Fukien, Kiangsu and Shantung provinces; 1941: postal services started
in Shantung, 1948, Mar.: first issue of stamps, 1948, July: became East
China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: became East
China Liberation Area; see China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Coast: local overprint on Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
East Elloe Post Lutton: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East End Package Delivery and Express: local package firm serviced
the Pittsburgh, Pa., area; issued a label, year unknown.
Easter Island: inscription on stamps of Chile, 1992, Sc. 1010-11.
Easter Island: bogus with frame used on St. Vincent stamps.
Eastern & Midlands Railway: British local post.
Eastern Arabia, British Offices: 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai
open, 1948, Apr.1-April 29, 1966: Muscat open, 1950-57: Qatar open,
1960, Dec.-March 29, 1964: Abu Dhabi open, 1951, 1953: Kuwait, Bahrain
open, 1963, Mar.30: first British agency post office opened, 1963, Mar.30-March
29, 1964: used stamps of British postal administration in Eastern Arabia,
1967, Jan.1: local post service starts; replaced by stamps of the Trucial
States or nation's own stamps.
Eastern Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Boston, towns in Maine
and the British Provinces; issued labels, 1857-79.
Eastern Karelia: "Ita-Karjala/sot hallinto" East Karelia
Military Occupation, overprint on stamps of Finland, Karelia, 1941-43, see Karelia
Eastern postal areas: "Postgebiet Ober-Ost ," Lithuania,
German occupation, 1916-18.
Eastern Rumelia (Roumelia): in southern Bulgaria; currency: 40
paras = 1 piaster 1880: No.1, 1/2 paras yellow-green, "R.O."
(Roumelie Orientale) overprint on stamps of Turkey, 1881: vertical overprint
"Roumelie Orientale" on stamps of Turkey, 1885: broke Turkish
rule, replaced by stamps of South Bulgaria; "Roumelie Orientale"
inscription on stamps of Turkey, 1886: replaced by stamps of Bulgaria
after Serbia-Bulgaria war.
Eastern Samoa: also known as American Samoa, 1900: U.S. issues
without overprint used, can only be recognized by cancel.
Eastern Saxony: "Bundesland Sachsen" on stamps of Germany,
Russian occupation, 1945-46.
Eastern Scottish Bus: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eastern Siberia: 1: bogus Russian local overprint. 2: surcharged
stamps used, Jan. 1923.
Eastern Silesia: former duchy in northern Austro-Hungarian Empire between Prussian Silesia and Moravia. After the Polish-Czech 1920 military confrontation, the western two-thirds became the Czech province of Silesia (Czech., Slezsko), and the eastern portion was given to Poland. see Ceskoslovenska polní posta - Tesínko ,
Celistvosti - SO 1920.
Eastern Szechwan: stamps of China overprinted for use in the 1940s.
East Germany: common name for German Democratic Republic, Deutsche
Demokratische Republik, DDR and GDR.
East India: 1855: inscription for use throughout India; called
that because territory was administered by the Honourable East India
Company up to 1858, 1882: name stopped being used when Queen Victoria
took the title of Empress of India in 1877.
East India Postage: 1: overprint with a crown and new values,
Straits Settlement. 2: inscription, see: Bangkok. 3: Inscription East
India Company, Sc. 19-35, Government issue, 1860-77.
East Indies: see: Netherland East Indies.
East Kent Circular Deliv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Liao-ning area: regional issue, Northeast China, 1945-48.
East London Railway: British local post.
Eastman College: Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; 1859
used training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address,
frank and post a letter.
Eastman's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, Lynn and Salem,
Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East of Jordan: Jordan issues, 1920-25; see: Arab
Government of the East.
East River Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852-55.
East Silesia: former Austrian crownland, 1920: League of Nations
plebiscite, issues of Czechoslovakia and of Poland overprinted "S.O.
1920" during this period.
East Sussex County: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Szechuen People's Post: Southwest China, regional issue; see:
China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Timor: territory seeking independence from Indonesia; United
Nations Transitional Administration (UNTAET), 2000; 1973, Dec.16: last
stamps issued under a Portuguese administration, 1975, Dec.: Indonesian
forces invaded East Timor, 2000, April 29: issued two nondenominated
stamps, one for internal mail, one for international mail under the
auspices of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
(UNTAET); 2002, May 20: issued first stamps as new country; also known
as Timor Lorosae.
Eaton, Jas.: see: Private die match proprietary
stamps. Eatonton, Geo. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters'
E.B.: 1. semipostal Special Delivery, Scott catalog number prefix
to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2. Education Board,
South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
E.B.C. Postage: see Eastman College.
Eboue, Felix: common design on stamps of the French Community
of Nations, 1945.
EC: 1: European Community, now known as European Union, EC. 2:
Ecuador; country code as used by UPU. 3. "Ejercito Constitucional"
local overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
£EC: auction abbreviation for dollar, Eastern Caribbean
E.C.A.F.E.: Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.
Eca-Gard Postage and Mailing Center: manufacturer of vending machine
that prints computer vended postage.
Écarlate: (Fr.) scarlet (color).
E.C. de M.: "Ejercito Constitucional of Mexico" local
overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
E.C.D.S. Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Echar al correo: (Sp.) to mail.
Echecs: (Fr.) chess (topical).
Echo cards: Japanese postal stationery, with an imprinted stamp,
and paid ads on front.
Echt: (Ger.) genuine.
Echt gelaufen: (Ger.) postally used.
Ecija: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Eckartsberga: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Eckholdt Local Post: see Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post.
Eckrand: (Ger.) sheet corner.
Eckrandstück: (Ger.) corner stamp with sheet
E-COM: Electronic Computer Originated Mail, began in Jan., 1982
by the USPS for large mailers to transmit computer-generated messages
to 25 post offices throughout the nation.
Economat: inscription on Interpostal Seals for the post office bursary
or office; used 1871-74,
see: Interpostal seals, 1871-84.
Economy gum: gum applied in patterns or blocks immediately after
Economy label: used throughout British Empire during war period,
to be applied to covers that were refolded and reused.
Ecosse: (Fr.) Scotland.
ECU: 1. European Community Currency unit. 2. international postal
code for Ecuador.
Ecuador: South America, on the Pacific Ocean; currency: 8 reales
= 1 peso, 100 centavos = 1 sucre (1881) 1779: handstamps used, beaded
oval type (1819-30), 1830, May 11: Republic of Ecuador formed, 1849-80:
British Post Office at Guayaquil for external mail using handstamps,
1865, Jan. 1: stamps first issued, 1865-80: stamps of Great Britain
used on overseas mail, with C 41 cancel, 1868-75: stamps of France used
at Guayaquil, in connection with Pacific Ligne, 1872: No.1, 1 reales
yellow, 1880, July 1: joined the UPU, 1886: first official stamp 1896:
first postage due stamps, 1928, Aug. 28: first air mail stamp, 1929:
first postage due stamp. 1944, May 9: first semipostal stamp.
Ecuador: overprint on stamps of Colombia air mails, 1928-29.
ECV: auction abbreviation for estimated cash value.
ECW: Edward C. Wildt, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928;
see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
ED: 1. auction abbreviation for edition. 2. Edward Doe, BEP employee
initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
EDC: Earliest documented cover or the earliest known cover for
a stamp when verified.
EDD: Greece overprint for Dodecanese Islands.
Eddy, E. B.: see: Private die match proprietary
Edelweiss, Kingdom of: label, imperial residence in Winston-Salem,
Eden Island: parady of possible Swiss origin.
Edey "Express": private mail firm serviced area east
of the Mississippi River; used labels affixed to envelopes, 1862.
Edfou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
EDG: Everett D. Green, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928;
see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Edge stamp: stamp not perforated on one side and end; 1887 definition.
Edgware post: Great Britain, local strike post, 1971.
Edicto: (Sp.) official notice with details of various
matters including the mail arrival.
Edificios postales: overprint on stamps of El Salvador, postal
Edifil: Spain and Spanish Offices & Colonies Specialized Postage
Edinburgh and Leith Circular Delivery Company: Great Britain local,
Edinburgh Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Edirne: formerly Adrianople, Turkey.
Edizione principe: (It.) first printing.
Edkou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edona: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E. D. Prince Letter Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
E.D.U.: earliest documented use.
Educacion Nacional: (Sp.) inscription for postal tax, El
E.D.W.: (E.D. Wight) Initials of postal official of Colonial post
office at Georgetown, 1850-51 issue, British Guina.
Edwa: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edwardian: refers to stamps of Great Britain's King Edward VII.
Edwards & Co.'s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston,
and Bangor and Portland, Maine; issued a label, 1855?
Edwards, Sanford & Co. Transatlantic Express: letter
delivery firm that forwarded letters into the U.S. mails, used a corner card, c1849.
EE: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Estonia,
such as EE 2000 Narva. 2: Estonia; country code as used by UPU.
EE Bars: electric eye bars.
EEC: European Economic Community.
E.E.F.: 1: Egyptian Expeditionary Forces; Palestine Inscription,
British Occupation, 1918-27. 2: (with Arabic overprint) Trans-Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria, Cilicia.
EEN 1 GLD: Netherlands overprint.
Een Penny: currency surcharge, Transvaal, 1882.
Eendragt maakt Magt.: "Union makes strength" South African
Eesti: stamps of Estonia inscription 1928-35, 1991-current.
Eesti post: overprint on stamps of Russia, Estonia, 1918-40.
Eesti Post Virumma: bogus, Estonia inscription, Bolshevist occupation,
Eesti Vabriil: Estonian Republic, stamps of Estonia inscription,
Eesti Varbarik: Inscription, Estonia, 1919-25.
EE.UU.: (Sp.) Estados Unidos, abbreviation for United
EE.UU. de C.: (Sp.) Colombia, Department Tolma,
EE.UU. de Colombia: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia, 1886.
EE.UU. de Venezuela: (Sp.) inscription, Venezuela, special
EF: international postal code for Estonia.
E.F.: auction term for extremely fine, exceptionally large margins
with near perfect centering; usually command premium of catalog value.
E.F.: with year 1899 overprint on stamps of Bolivia.
Efectos de Comercio: (Sp.) commercial drafts; bills
of exchange; found on fiscal stamps for duty payable on such items.
Effets de Commerce: commercial bills of lading; French Colony
Effets Negociables: negotiable bills of exchange; French Colony
Efigie: (Sp.) portrait, likeness.
EFO: errors, freaks and oddities.
EFO: "Etablissments de l'Oceanie" (French Oceanic Settlements)
overprint on stamps of French Polynesia, 1915.
EFOCC: Errors, Freaks and Oddities Collectors Club.
Eftergravering: (Dan.) re-engraved.
Eftergummiering: (Dan.) regummed.
Eftertakning: (Dan.) reperforated.
Eftertryck: (Swed.) reprint.
Eftertryk: (Dan.) reprint, see Nytryk .
Efterporto: (Dan.) "postage to pay" Danish West
Indies, postage due inscription.
Eftertaxering: (Swed.) card mailed to sender advising of
postage due; postage could be affixed to the card and mailed back to
the sending office.
EG: Egypt; country code as used by UPU.
Egée iles de la mer: (Fr.) Aegean islands.
Égei-Tengeri: (Hung.) Aegean Sea.
Égei-Tengeri Szigetek: (Hung.) Aegean (Sea) Islands.
Egeo: Aegean. 1: overprint on stamps of Italy for use in Aegean
Islands occupied by Italy in 1912. 2: Aegean Islands, General Issue;
Egipto: (Sp.) Egypt.
Egitto: (It.) Egypt.
EGK: (Ger.) Michel catalog; Europa-Ganzachen-Katalog.
Eglise: (Fr.) church (thematic).
E Grill: grill used on US stamps during the 19th century.
Égszinkék: (Hung.) cerulean-blue, sky-blue (color).
Egy: (Hung.) one (number).
Egyenlitói Guinea: (Hung.) Equatorial Guinea.
Égyiptom: (Hung.) Egypt.
Egykrajczar: one Kruezer, inscription, Hungary.
Egypt: Northern Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red Seas; currency:40
paras = 1 piaster, 1,00 milliemes = 100 piasters = 1 pound (1888) 3000
BC: postal service started, used papyrus; see Papyrus, 1146: pigeon posts
used, 1821: "Posta Europea", (It.) private posts to Europe
by an Italian firm, 1835: "Overland Route" of Lt. Waghorn
delivered mail between Britain and India through Egypt, 1843: inland
posts operated by a private firm, 1857: Posta Europa operated inland
mail, 1860-85: stamps of Great Britain used at British post office in
Alexandria (B 01 cancel) and Suez (B 02 cancel), and by the British
Army Post office in Egypt, French stamps overprinted for use at French
post offices in Alexandria and Port Said, Suez Canal Company also issued
its own stamps, 1865: private Italian firm bought by Egyptian government
used Italian cancellers "Poste
Vice-Realiegiziane," 1866, Jan. 1: No.1, 5 paras slate-green, stamps
first issued, Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Northern
Sudan, 1869-85: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Eritrea
(Massawa), 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with
values in paras used in Ethiopia (Harar), 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with
values in paras used on the Somali coast, stamps also used Italian,
Poste Khedivie Egiziane for territories occupied by Italy, 1884, Jan.1:
first postage due stamp, 1893, Jan.1: first official stamp, 1914-pre:
considered part of Turkey, 1914, Dec.18 - Feb. 28, 1922: British protectorate
declared, 1922-53: kingdom after British protectorate ended, 1926, Mar.10:
first air mail stamp, 1932, Nov. 1: "British Forces in Egypt" military
stamp, 1940, May 17: first semipostal stamp, 1953, June 18: republic
established, 1958: joined with Syria to form United Arab Republic (U.A.R.),
1961: Syria left U.A.R., 1971: Egypt named Arab Republic of Egypt.
Egypt, British Forces in: 1932, Nov.1-Feb. 29, 1936: seals issued
to British forces and their families with a special postage rate for
mail to Great Britain, applied to the back of mail, 1936-Apr.1943: Army
Post inscription used; also used by British forces in Sudan.
Egypt, British offices: Alexandria, 1839; Suez 1847; Cairo 1859,
1860-79 stamps of Britain used at Alexandria, cancel B 01, Suez cancel
Egypte: (Fr.) Egypt, 1926-56.
Egypten: (Dan., Swed.) Egypt.
Egypt, French Offices: Alexandria, Port Said; 1857-59: stamps
of France, 1830-1931, Mar 1: stamps of France, 1857-76 issues, cancel
3704, 5080, 1830-March 31, 1931: Alexandria, used stamps of France 1857-76,
1867, June-March 31, 1931: Port Said, used stamps of France, 1867-99
issues, 1899: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, 1899-1928: "Alexandria" (Alexandrie)
overprint/surcharge stamps of France, 1899-1928: "Port Said" overprint/surcharge
on stamps of France, 1922: postage due stamp issued, 1928-30: Alexandria
and Post Said, joint issue of postage due.
Egyptian occupation of Palestine: 1948-67: stamps issued for use
in Gaza area; see Palestine.
Egyptisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Egyptian.
Egypt, Italian Post Offices: 1863-84: used cancel 234.
Egypt Postage Prepaid: handstamp applied to front of envelope
bearing special rate stamps,
Egyptiennes postes: Egypt, 1879-1906.
Egypt postage: Egypt, 1914-22. stamps of Egypt, established at
Constantinople in(1866, other cities in 1870.
EH: Edward Hein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H. (Edward Heston): U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
EHH: Edward H. Helmuth, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H.Lake: bogus Confederate provisional stamp.
E.I.: (Heb.) Eretz Israel (Land of Israel).
Eichele & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary
Eichele, Aug.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eichele, P. & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary
Eighth Avenue Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Eilauftrag: (Ger.) rapid inquiry hand stamp, German post
office card to verify address.
Eilbert & Celice islands: British colonial royal wedding frames
from book, "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
Eilbot: (Ger.) express.
Eilmarke: Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Eilpost: (Ger.) express mail, expedited delivery.
Einband: (Ger.) binder.
Einfaches papier: (Ger.) wove paper.
Einfarbig: (Ger.) monochrome color.
Einfassung: (Ger.) frame.
Eingepresst: (Ger.) embossed.
Einkauf: (Ger.) purchase.
Einlieferungsschein: (Ger.) receipt for registered letter.
Einringstempel: (Ger.) single circle cancel.
Einschreibebrief: (Ger.) registered letter.
Einseltig: (Ger.) imperf on one side.
Einsteckbuch: (Ger.) stock book.
Einwandfrei: (Ger.) perfect, faultless.
Einzig dastehend: (Ger.) unique.
Einzelmarke: (Ger.) single (stamp).
Einzuziehen: Danzig, postage due.
Eire: see: Ireland.
Eireann: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for Ireland, 1922-23.
Eisenbahn: (Ger.) train (thematic).
Eisenbahnmarke: (Ger.) railway postage stamp.
Eisenhart's J.W., Matches: see: Private die match proprietary
Ejdern: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying
mail, Finland, 1915.
Ejemplar: (Sp.) example, specimen (of a stamp).
Ejercito: (Sp.) army.
Ejercito constitucionalista: (Sp.) "Constitutional
Army" inscription, Mexico, Sonora revenues provisionally used as
Ejercito Español en Africa: (Sp.) 1860 postmarks
from Morocco for Spanish army in Africa.
Ejercito renovador: (Sp.) inscription on Mexico-Sinaloa
revenue, 1923, may not have been placed on sale.
EK: (Ger.) Michel catalogs; Europe-katalog.
Ekaterinodar: now Krasnodar, USSR.
Ekko: private cinderellas produced by Ekko Co. of Chicago in 1924
to verify reception by various radio stations.
Ekoecic: (resembles these letters) Greece-Salonika, postal tax
Ekspresmærke: (Dan.) special delivery stamp, express mail stamp.
Ekspresporto: (Dan.) special delivery postage, express mail postage.
Ekspress: (Dan.) express.
Ekte: (Nor.) genuine.
Ekvador: (Hung.) Ecuador.
EKU: see: Earliest known use.
EL: 1: auction abbreviation for envelope letter (folded letter).
2: entire letter.
El-Abiad: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elass-Lotherin: (Ger.) revenue stamp for German occupation
El-Ayat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-82.
Elbow and eyeball: USPS informal term to open and examine supposedly
empty mail sacks to make certain that it does not contain any mail.
El-Boulak-Dakcrour: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
El Burgo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1938.
El Campillo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937-38.
El Cerro de Andevalo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936.
Elche: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El Che de la Sierra: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Elda: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
El Djezair, Algeria: also known as Algiers.
El Dorado, federated state of: fantasy from the American Philatelist.
Eldridge Brothers' Express: private mail firm serviced Kansas;
issued a label, year unknown.
Electric Express & Storage Company: parcel firm operated via
electric trolleys, issued a stamp, area unrecorded, year unknown.
Electric Express Company: parcel firm operated via electric trolleys,
Portland, Ore. area; issued a stamp, year unknown.
Electric Eye Dashes: vertical dashes in the vertical
gutter used by the electric eye during the perforating process, 1933.
Electric Eye Frame Bars: horizontal lines in the left
sheet margin used by the electric eye during the perforating process,
Electric eye mark: mark, or bars used in positioning stamp sheets
during printing process.
Electric eye perforating: machines that are equipped with electric
eyes that guide the perforating pins up the center of the stamp margin
with the aid of distinctive marks, thus creating well-centered stamps.
Electric Telegraph: inscription on Indian telegraph stamps, issued
Electric Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
Electronic Commerce Services (ECS): includes a time and date stamp,
return receipt, registered, certified, verification of sender and recipient
and archival services, all via electronic means.
Electronic Communications: developed computerized post office
meters in 1974.
Electronic mail: method of sending written material from one location
to another without physically carrying the material from point of mailing
to point of delivery.
Electronic option: an electronic file that includes details about
the pieces in the mailing, delivery information is retrieved electronically,
ether by electronic file transfer of Internet inquiry; USPS term
Electronic postage: a postage imprint that features a two-dimensional
bar code containing data necessary for revenue protection.
Electronic postmark: an electronic time and date stamp on electronic
mail that will authenticate a document's existence at a particular point
Electronic return: U.S. Postal Service term for return of undeliverable
mail by electronic means with incorrect address, rather than physical
return of the mailing piece, started in 2002.
Electroplate: a printing plate made by duplicating the original
plate which is available for additional duplication in very large press
Electrotype (Electro): an obsolete method for reproducing dies
by applying a costing of copper to a mold from the original die.
Elefántcsontpart: (Hung.) Ivory Coast.
Élénk: (Hung.) bright (color).
Élénkék: (Hung.) bright blue (color).
Élénkpiros: (Hung.) bright red (color).
Élénksarga: (Hung.) bright yellow (color).
Élénkvörös: (Hung.) scarlet-red (color).
Élénkzöld: (Hung.) bright green (color).
El espacio: (Sp.) space (thematic).
Elevator stamp: inspection stamp issued by Connecticut from 1846
through 1957, nondenominated.
El-Facher: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elfenbeinkopf: (Ger.) Ivory Head silhouette on Queen Ivory.
Elfenbeinküste: (Ger.) Ivory Coast.
Elfland: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
El-Gisr: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Elisabeth, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company
built about 1850's for the middle or upper Danube lines.
Elizbeth: error on 40p June 25, 2004, stamp of Jersey,
should be Elizabeth.
El Iskandariya: also known as Alexandria, Egypt.
Elizabeth II Coronation: common design of the British Commonwealth
of Nations, 1978.
El-Kalabat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Ellas (Greek letters) and 2-x-43: used in Zante, Ionian Islands
to Italy under German occupation.
Elleore: labels used to support children's holiday trips.
Elfenbenskusten: (Swed.) Ivory Coast.
Elfenbenskysten: (Dan., Nor.) Ivory Coast.
Elleve: (Dan., Nor.) eleven (number).
Ellichhpur, India: now Achalpur.
Ellington-Zwisler Catalog (E-Z): rocket mail flight information,
2 volume set.
Elliot-Fairchild: local, Canada, 1925-26.
Elliptical perforations: odd-size perforation, usually
two per stamp to make it difficult to counterfeit stamps.
El Masnou: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El-Meslemieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elobey, Annobon and Corisco: islands near coast of Guinea, western
Africa; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1868: used stamps of Fernando
Poo, 1903: No.1, 1/4 centime carmine, issued their own stamps, 1909:
stamps of Spanish Guinea used, Elobey and Corisco use stamps of Rio
Muni, Annobon uses stamps of Fernando Poo.
El parlamento a Cervantes: (Sp.) Spain, overprint, official
stamps, Cervantes death anniversary, 1916.
El Qahira: also known as Cairo, Egypt.
ELS: 1: auction abbreviation for entire letter sheet, with contents.
2: Express Letter Service. 3: Edwin L. Shankle, BEP employee initials,
1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El Salvador: see: Salvador.
Elsass: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, occupation
of Alsace, WWI, 1940.
Elsass-Lothringen: (Ger.) Alsace-Lorraine.
Elsie: nickname for Electronic Letter Sorter.
El Skandariya, Egypt: also known as Alexandria.
Elsonapi Boriték: (Hung.) first day cover, FDC.
ELT: Edward L. Tucker, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El-Tarieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
Elua Keneta: Hawaii, 1861-93.
Elusive: a stamp that is hard to find, but is not rare or scarce.
Elwa: city in Estonia; 1941: stamps of Russia provisionally overprinted "Eesti post" by Germans for use in city.
El-Wastah: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E L Z N: inscription on illegal issue of Mexico, reported to the
UPU March 25, 1996.
E-mail: letters sent electronically via the World Wide Web (WWW).
Embabe: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Embajadas: (Sp.) embassies.
Embarkation Army post offices: During WW II, when a wounded man
was evacuated to the U.S., his name, rank, APO and serial number were
sent ahead by air to this office to hold mail for arrival of the wounded serviceman.
Embedded phosphor paper (EP): stamp printing paper with taggant
that penetrates the surface of the paper, applied prior to printing;
has a highly mottled appearance under short wave ultraviolet light.
Embedded Silk Threads: threads embedded in stamp paper as a security measure.
Embedded taggant: a term used for taggant applied to the surface
of uncoated paper, with a tendency to be absorbed unevenly into the
fibers, giving a mottled appearance under shortwave UV light.
Emerson Drug Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Emblems: Great Britain watermarks, 1856 roses for England and
thistle for Scotland.
Embo: label, Scotland seceded from Great Britain for one day in 1985.
Emborronado: (Sp.) blurred, smudged.
Embossed: stamps, usually envelope stamps, that are raised in
low relief in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed.
Embossed revenues: revenue stamps that are raised in low relief
in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed;
applied to 18th and 19th century documents by New York and Massachusetts,
to pay taxes.
Embossing: 1: the process of impressing a design in relief into
the paper of an envelope or sheet of paper. 2: a form of printing in relief.
Em circulacâo: (Port.) current.
EME: Edwin M. Earle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Emergency Air Mail Service: United Kingdom, Australia, strike
local post, 1971.
Emergency flight: flight taken in response to an emergency such
as floods, breakdown of rail transportation, strikes, etc.
Emergency Mail (Ajax): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (AZIM): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (CHF): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail France: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Manx Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post Falkiner: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency postmark: used by First Division, Railway Mail Service,
St. Albans & Boston R.P.O. when the regular handstamp was misplaced.
Emergency Post Serv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency service stamps: usually refers to stamps portraying
emergency equipment, such as ambulances, fire trucks, etc.
Emergency Strike Export: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Strike Grant: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
Emgültig: (Ger.) definitive.
Emiprinte: (Fr.) reprint.
Émirats Arabes Unis: (Fr.) United Arab Emirates. English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co.: British telegraph stamp may be the worldâ€™s first, 1853.
Emirdites: Albania, unauthorized issue.
Émis: (Fr.) issued.
Émis (non): (Fr.) stamp prepared but not issued
due to various reasons.
Emisión: (Sp.) issue.
Emisión cenicienta: (Sp.) cinderella issue.
Emisiunile de Eliberare: (Rom.) liberation issues.
Emissione locale: (It.) local issue, post.
Emisión falso: (Sp.) bogus: labels or postal markings
made to defraud collectors.
Émission: (Fr.) issue.
Emission cendrillon: (Fr.) cinderella issue.
Emission commemorative: (Fr.) commemorative issue.
Emissione: see: Issue (stamp).
Emission falso: (It.) bogus: labels or postal markings
made to defraud collectors.
Émission faux: (Fr.) bogus: labels or postal markings
made to defraud collectors.
Émission premier jour d': (Fr.) first day of issue.
Émission provisoire: (Fr.) provisional issue.
Emitido: (Sp.) issued.
Emlékiv Postai Bérmentesitésre Nem Alkalmas: (Hung.) a commemorative sheet having no postal validity.
Emory, Va. Paid 5, Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters'
Empalne: (Sp.) 1: coil joint. 2: postmark for railway junction.
Empastado: (Sp.) blurred, blotchy.
Emp. Cubat: (Sp.) Empresa Cubatéchica, part of
a canceling device used by Cuban technical troops in Angola starting in Jan. 1985.
Emperor of the world: label, India produced in 1892.
Empfänger verstarben: (Ger.) "recipient deceased" hand stamp, WW II.
Empire: France, 1853-70 issues, released during reign of Emperor
Empire Air Mail Scheme: see: All-up service.
Empire Centrafricain: Central Africa.
Empire City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1881.
Empire d'Ethiopie: Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia.
Empire Express and Parcel Delivery: parcel delivery firm service
New York State?; issued a label; 1906.
Empire Franc, Francais: inscription 1853, August-1872, France,
French Colonies in 1871-72.
Emp. Ottoman: 1: with R.O. or Roumelie Orientale overprint, Turkey.
2: with crescent and Turkish inscription on stamps of Turkey, Eastern
Rumelia, Turkish Empire 1876-92.
Empreinte: (Fr.) imprint.
EMS: U.S. Express Mail Service.
EMU: early matching usages; collection of earliest usages as documented
by previous announcement of early date.
En: (Nor.) one (number).
E.N.A.: Empresa Norte America (Sp.) a shipping line mark,
Enamelled paper: highly glazed paper producing a glossy, brittle
Enapiomon: inscription on stamps of Greece, postage dues.
Encart: (Fr.) presentation pack.
Encased postage stamp: a stamp within a protective covering that
was used as a coin, invented by John Gault, started in 1862 when there
was a shortage of change due to the Civil War.
Enchasse: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Enchère: (Fr.) beginning selling price of the lot;
can represent one bid over the second highest book bid, the highest
book bid or the reserve price for the lot.
Enchèrisseur: (Fr.) bidder.
Encima (de): (Sp.) above, over.
Encinasola: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Encomendes postais: (Port.) parcel post for Portuguese language
Encomienda: (Sp.) parcel post.
En creux: (Fr.) line engraving.
End delivery: coil in which postage stamps are arranged "one
above the other" and sold through vending machines.
Endereço: (Port.) address, the place to where mail is sent.
Endgültig: (Ger.) definitive.
Endommagé: (Fr.) damaged.
Endorsement: marking on a mail piece that indicates handling instructions,
a special service, or another request.
Endwise: another term for vertical coil.
Ene: (Sp.) "enero" abbreviation in postmarks
E.N.E.: Empresa Norte Europa (Sp.) a shipping line mark,
"Enemy Action Delayed by": (picture of bomb) marking
applied to mail during WW II by British Post Office for mail delayed
by enemy bombings.
En Épargne: (Fr.) "in relief" type of
printing plate used in letterpress process.
Enfant: (Fr.) children (thematic).
Enfantine: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
En forma de arco: (Sp.) Canadian set of King George V of
1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series Eng: 1: auction abbreviation
for engraved. 2: England. 3: German for narrow.
En franchaise: (Fr.) post free.
Engelberg: Switzerland hotel post, 1880, Hotel Pension Sonnenberg.
Engelsk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) English (adj.).
Engelska kolonier: (Swed.) British colonies.
Engelske Kolonier: (Dan.) British Colonies.
Engelt bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Engine turning: use of a geometric lathe to produce intricate
engravings, also known as lathework.
England: a regional issue solely for England; not sold in Wales,
Scotland, Northern Ireland, etc.
England Winners/World War II 1939-45: inscription, unissued Great
Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
English School of Philately: classified stamps by the difference
in design; see French School of Philately.
English's Intern. Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Engomado: (Sp.) gummed.
Engr.: abbreviation for engraved.
Engraved cachet: a printed cachet on which the design is slightly
raised above the surface of the paper or envelope.
Engraved stamps: 1: stamps printed from plates into which a design
is cut or chemically etched; the plate is applied under heavy pressure
to the paper being printed, leaving the ink raised above the surface
of the paper. 2: implies that the stamp is printed by the recess or
Engraver: the person who engraves a die.
Engraver's initials (mark): the initials of the engraver which
may appear in the sheet margin or in smaller letters below the bottom
frame line of a stamp design.
Engraver's proofs: proofs taken from an engraving to give an idea
of how a stamp design will look when completed.
Engraving: 1: art of cutting (stamp) designs on metal, wood, etc.
2: Gravieren (Ger.), Gravure (Fr.), Incisione (It.),
Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Enguera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Enkelte: (Dan.) few.
Enniskillen Civil Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Enos: French post office in Ottoman Empire opened Jan.
1874, closed April 1875.
En. Numbre: En numéraire (Fr.) payment for mail
from abroad is to be made in coin, 1796.
Enpfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
En primeur cards: postcard-style announcement of new issues from
Enrigistrationment: (Fr.) registration fee; French Colony
Ensayo: (Sp.) see: Essay.
Enroulement: (Fr.) coil (of stamps).
Enschede, Joh.: printer of stamps for postal administrations,
located in Haarlem, the Netherlands, founded 1703, produced its first
postage stamps in 1862.
Ensemble: (Fr.) complete set.
Ensfarget: (Nor.) single color, monocolor.
Enskilda lokalpost: (Swed.) private local post.
Ensk. Lokalpost: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Entero: (Sp.) see: Entire.
Entero postal: (Sp.) postal stationery.
Enteros: (Sp.) postal stationery with impressed stamps.
Entier: (Fr.) see: Entire.
Entier postal: (Fr.) postal stationery.
Entire: 1: a complete envelope or postal card with stamp, postmark,
address, etc. as originally received. 2: before the advent of envelopes,
refers to part bearing the address of a multi-page letter.
Entrada: (Sp.) entry, arrival; used on Spanish civil war
covers to indicate arrival of letter in censorship department.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba,
error in spelling.
Entrega: (Sp.) delivery.
Entrega especial: (Sp.) special delivery.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba,
error in spelling.
Entraga inmediata: (Sp.) immediate delivery, Cuba, Mexico,
Entresuelo: (Sp.) mezzanine floor, found in addresses.
Entry: subject made by rocking a transfer roll on to a printing
base, used for intaglio or relief printing.
Entwerten: see: Demonitize.
Entwertet: (Ger.) see: Canceled.
Entwertung: (Ger.) see: Cancellation.
Entwurf: (Ger.) essays of proposed design for a stamp,
used by Austria.
En uso: (Sp.) see: Current.
ENV: 1: estimated net value. 2: see: Envelope.
Envasado: (Sp.) wrapped or bottled, found on Cadiz local
Envelope: 1: form of wrapper or cover for letters. 2: machine
made envelopes first made in France about 1790, but were not popular
since they added to the weight. 3: first used by Egyptians and Assyrians
to enclosed clay tablets in 3000 BC.
Envelope cut square: the stamp portion of a stamped envelope that
has been cut from the envelope in a square or rectangular shape.
Envelope seal: usually circular paper seal used to seal envelopes;
many also announced who sent the letter.
Envelope stamp: stamp printed or embossed directly on the paper
of the envelope, distinguishing it from an adhesive stamp.
Enveloppe: (Fr.) cover, an envelope or a postally used
envelope or one with a postal cancellation cover.
Enveloppe premier jour(vol): (Fr.) first day cover (flight).
Envers: (Fr.) reversed, upside down.
Envio: (Sp.) consignment.
Envois Insuffisament: (Fr.) short paid or postage
Envio no Normalizado: (Sp.) marking for irregular cover
which does not conform to postal regulations.
Envoyer: (Fr.) to send.
EO: Special Delivery Official; Scott catalog number prefix to
identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eonikh: (Gr.) Greece postal tax stamps, 1914.
Eo. So.: "Estado Soberano" sovereign state, Colombia.
EP: see: Embedded phosphor paper.
EP: 1. characters that look like this are parcel post or revenue
issue in China, Japan or Korea. 2. occurs where an extra piece of paper
falls across the plate blocking the printed ink from reaching the actual
Épargne: term en epargne, "in relief" engraving
to produce a die in relief printing where the non-printing surface is
Épargne: (Fr.) savings plan; French Colony Revenue
Epaulettes: term used for Belgium's first issue of 1849 due to
the epaulettes shown on the uniform of King Leopold. Epila: local, Spanish
civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Epire: (Fr.) Epirus.
Epirus: part of Albania and Greece; currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma
1912-pre belonged to Turkey, 1912-13: assigned to Albania after Balkan
wars, issued postage stamps, 1914, Mar.2: proclaimed independent state,
1914, Feb.: No.1, 1 lepta black/blue, provisional stamps issued for
Epirus as Chimarra, Koritsa and Greek occupation issues, 1916: occupied
by Italians and French, 1940-41: Greece issued occupation stamps, see Republika
Epirus- "Hneipoe": bogus, 1914-15, supposedly occupation
stamps, never issued.
EPJ: The Essay Proof Journal.
Eplegrřnn: (Nor.) apple-green (color).
EPM: Electronic Postmark, proof of who signed what documents,
at what time and for what reasons.
Epmakb: South Russia, Don issues.
Epmpkb: South Russia, 1919.
EPMM: auction abbreviation for erased pencil mark(s) in margin(s)
on stamp sheets.
Épreuve: 1. French Colony Revenue inscription. 2. (Fr.) proof, triail, essay.
Épreuve d'artiste: (Fr.) artist's or engraver's
Épreuve d'couleur: (Fr.) color proof or color trial.
Épreuve de luxe: (Fr.) presentation die proof
EPS: 1: encased postage stamp. 2: Emergency Postal Service, used
at Shanghai, China. 3: Epsom's Pirate P.S.: United Kingdom strike local
Épuisé(e): (Fr.) out of print, out of stock,
Equateur: (Fr.) Ecuador.
Equatorial Africa, French: see: Chad, Gabon, Congo People's
Equatorial Guinea, Republic of: Gulf of Guinea, West Africa; formerly
Spanish colonies of Fernando Po and Rio Muni, currency:100 centimos
= 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 ekuele (1973),100 centimes = 1 franc (1985)
1902: first stamp as Spanish Guinea, 1941: first air mail stamp, 1951:
first semipostal stamp. 1968, Oct. 12: became independent, first stamps,
1968, Oct. 12: No.1, 1 peseta multicolor, 1970, July 24: joined the
Equipaje: (Sp.) cancellation from railway baggage office.
E.R.: 1: Great Britain (Without country name), 1952-67. 2: Eritrea;
country code as used by UPU. 3: Delivery Tax, Spain. 3. Scott catalog
number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
E.R.: "Edward Rex Imperator" overprint Transvaal.
Eräffnung: (Ger.) inauguration.
Erb: (Czech.) coat of arms.
Erediti Gumizással: (Hung.) mint, never hinged.
Erehwon, principality of: fantasy for Nowhere spelled backwards,
by George Fabian.
Erganzungsmarke: (Ger.) makeup-rate stamp without a value
Erhalt: (Ger.) receipt.
Erhaltung: (Ger.) condition; the quality of a stamp regarding
color, centering, cancellation, and gum if mint all go into making up
the term "condition." Typical condition descriptions are Superb,
Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. "Superb" means that
everything about the stamp is perfect.
E.R.I.: Edward Rex Imperator, overprint on stamps of South Africa
Erie & New England Express Company: parcel delivery firm serviced
New England cities and towns; issued frank labels, and labels, year
Erie Express: parcel delivery firm serviced the New York, Lake
Erie and Western Railroad; issued frank stamps and labels; 1886-88.
Eriksen Local Post: see Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post.
Erinnerung: (Ger.) collection of commemorative labels.
Erinnerungskarte: (Ger.) non-postal vignettes, reprints,
Erinnophilie: (Fr.) collection of labels, Cinderella collection.
Erith City and Thanet: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eritrea: former Italian colony in Northeast Africa, on Red Sea;
currency: 100 centesimi = 1 liro, 100 cents = 1 birr (1991), 100 cents
= 1 nakfa (1997) 1869-85: stamps of Egypt used, 1883-pre: Italian post
offices used, 1885: Italian post offices, using stamps of Italian post
offices abroad, 1890: united by Italy as colony called Eritrea, 1892:
No. 1, 1 centesimi bronze/green, 1892-1930: stamps of Italy overprinted "Colonia
Eritrea," 1903: first postage due stamp, stamps of
Italy overprinted, 1910: specially printed stamps released, 1910-30s:
stamps inscribed "Eritrea Poste Italiane," 1915: first semipostal
stamp, stamps of Italy overprinted, 1934: first air mail stamp, 1934:
stamps inscribed "Colonie Italiane Eritrea," 1936, May: Italy
took control of area, 1936-41: part of Italian East Africa, stamps
also used in Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland, 1941, Jan.: Britain
occupies area, 1941-52: British occupation, stamps of Great Britain
overprinted "M.E.F," (Middle East Force), 1948-50: No.1, 5 cent green; "B.M.A.Eritrea," (British Military Administration Eritrea), overprint on stamps of Great
Britain, offices in Eritrea, 1950, Feb. 6-Sept. 52: stamps of Britain
overprinted "B.A.Eritrea" (British Administration Eritrea)
when troops withdrew, 1952: annexed by Ethiopia, 1978: local provisional
issues, EPLF (Eritrean people's Liberation Front), 1991: Eritrean rebels
issued own stamps, 1993, May 24: people voted for independence as Eritrea,
1993, Aug. 19: joined the UPU.
Eritrea, British Administration of: 1950-52: stamps of Great Britain
overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Military Administration of: 1948-50: stamps of
Great Britain overprinted /surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Offices Abroad: 1948-50: stamps of Great Britain
overprinted/surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea". 1950-52: stamps of
Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea".
Eritrea liberta: "Free Eritrea" bogus, by anti-Ethiopian
groups, 1978, mostly in Switzerland.
Erläuterungsblatt: (Ger.) black prints on publicity
Eroare: (Rom.) error.
Eros Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Erreur: (Fr.) see: Error.
Erreur d'couleur: (Fr.) color error.
Error: 1: a philatelic item that has something wrong in the design
or in its production that makes it different from the stated design;
this can be in the perforations, color or printing, not to be confused
with flaw. 2: a consistent abnormal variety created by a mistake in
stamp production or in a postmark. 3: USPS term for a missorted piece
of mail that must be rehandled within the post office before dispatch.
Error de color: (Sp.) color error.
Error de impresion: (Sp.) printing error.
Error de reporte: (Sp.) error in the transfer of design
from the master die to the transfer roller.
Errore di colore: (It.) color error.
Error of value: two different face values printed on one stamp;
Errors, freaks and oddities (EFO): all postal items that are not
made in the form or condition intended.
Error stamp: the 1916 2¢ carmine printed with a 5 for a
2, reported by a P.O. circular May 2, 1917.
Erseka: city in Albania, occupied by Greece in 1914, issued local
Erstdruck: (Ger.) first printing.
Erste k.k. pr. Donau Dampfschiffahrt Gesellschaft: inscription
on stamps of Danube Steam Navigation Company, 1866-71.
Ersten Weltkreiges: (Ger.) first World War (WW 1) (1914 / 1918).
Erstflug: (Ger.) first flight.
Erstflugbrief: (Ger.) first flight cover.
Ersttag: (Ger.) first day.
Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel of
a non-circular date stamp.
Ersttagsblatt: (Ger.) first day stamp on a commemorative
Ersttagsbrief: (Ger.) first day cover.
Ersttagstempel: (Ger.) first day cancellation.
Ersttags-Zusatzstempel: (Ger.) first day supplemental postmark.
E.R.T. (E.R. Tyler): see: Private die match proprietary
Érték: (Hung.) value.
Ervenyes: (Hung.) overprint for "Valid" on obsolete
stamps of Hungary.
Erweiterer aufdruck: (Ger.) overprint.
Erythräa: (Ger.) Eritrea.
Erythrée: (Fr.) Eritrea.
ES: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Spain,
such as ES 28013, Madrid. 2: Spain; country code as used by UPU. 3:
auction abbreviation for Escudo (Portugal, Cape Verde). 4. overprint
on stamps of Mexico for Sonora, 1914-15.
ESA: European Space Agency, a consortium of 14 European nations
to deal with space activities.
ESC: "escudos" currency in Spain.
Escarlata: (Sp.) scarlet (color).
Eschede, Joh.: stamp printer located in the Netherlands, founded
in 1793, prints stamps for more than 60 countries.
Escocia: (Sp.) Scotland.
Escompte: (Fr.) discount.
Escudo: currency unit used in Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira and
Escudo de armas: (Sp.) coat of arms.
Escudo del Departamento de Managua: (Sp.) "Shield
of the Department of Managua" Nicaragua, officials, 1905.
Escuelas: (Sp.) "schools" Venezuela revenue inscription,
when overprinted, for three patriots, stamps used for postage during
shortage of regular stamps, March 1871-Aug. 1873 and in 1879-80.
Escuelas de Tiro Naval: (Sp.) Naval gunnery schools, used
on civil war postmarks.
E.S. de Antioquia: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano," inscription,
sovereign state, Colombia-Antioquia.
E.S.del T.: Colombia, Tolima Department.
E.S. de Panama: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano" sovereign
state, Panama, when state of Colombia.
Esemplare: (It.) specimen.
Eseu: (Rom.) essay.
Esmeraldas: (Sp.) Ecuador with a control mark overprint,
Esmerado: (Sp.) exact or correct, accurate.
Esne: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-84.
ESOC: European Space Operation center; ESA control center for
Esoterica: any item, besides a cover, postcard or envelope, that
has been cancelled on the First Day and doesnt fit any of the regular
Espace: (Fr.) space (topical).
Espacio: (Sp.) space, used for gutter.
Espagne: (Fr.) Spain.
España: (Sp.) inscription for Spain and Spanish,
1863 and 1929, tilde may not appear in some inscriptions.
Espana Franqueo: (Sp.) inscription for Carlist issues,
Spain,1874-75, portrait of Carlos VII.
España Sahara: (Sp.) Spanish Sahara.
España Valencia: (Sp.) Spain Carlist issue of Valencia,
Española, Republica: (Sp.) Spain, 1931-38.
Esparraguera: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican,
Esparto paper: made in Europe from esparto grass, smooth dense
appearance similar to writing paper; used for stamps of New Zealand
Especial movil: (Sp.) adhesive fiscal stamps.
Esperanat respubliko insulo rosoj: Republic of Isle of Roses;
a 400 square meter platform constructed in the Adriatic Sea off the
coast of Rimini, Italy.
Esperimento Posta Aerea Maggio 1917 Torino-Roma-Roma-Torino: world's
first air mail stamp overprint for experimental air mail flight between
Rome and Turin, May 22, 1917.
Espinardo: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican,
Esplorazione Polare 1928/Ricerche Dirigible Italia: (It.) unofficial overprint on the 1.20 Lire stamp of Italy supposedly to honor
Nobile's polar flight.
Espluga de Francoli: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican,
Espluges de Llobregat: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war,
Espot: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
ESSt., Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel
of a non-circular date stamp.
E-Stamp Corp.: commercial firm selling computer-generated postage
via the Internet.
Esqiumeux postage: fantasy from the American Journal of Philately.
Essai: (Fr.) see: Essay.
Essay: 1: a trial design for a proposed postage stamp. 2: rejected
and unused stamp design.
Essequibo is Ours: overprint on stamps of Guyana as propaganda
for possession of Essequibo river area from Venezuela, 1896.
Essex Letter Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Essex, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company
built about 1850's for Levant lines.
Est.: 1. auction abbreviation estimated net value of an item. 2. (Rom.) east.
Estacion: (Sp.) railway station, found in postmarks.
Estacion de Invierno: (Sp.) winter resort, used in postmarks
Estado(s): "state(e)," Spanish language countries.
Estado da India: (Port.) inscription, Portuguese India,
Estado de jipijapa: (Sp.) bogus Mexican state.
Estado de Nicaragua: (Sp.) inscription, Nicaragua.
Estado Español: (Sp.) Spanish state, used by Nationalists
during the Civil War.
Estado Guyana: (Sp.) inscription on locals, ships or arms
Estado S. del Tolima: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia-Tolima.
Estado soberano de Bolivar: (Sp.) "sovereign state
of Bolivar" Colombia-Bolivar.
Estado Soberano de Santander: (Sp.) "sovereign state
of Santander," Colombia-Santander.
Estados Pontificios: (Sp.) Papal States.
Estados Unida de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia-New Granada,
Estados Unidos: (Sp.) United States.
Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia (United
States of New Granada).
Estados Unidos do Brasil: (Sp.) "United States of
Estafeta (de correos): (Sp.) post office.
Estafeta de cambio: (Sp.) cancels refer to Foreign Section
Estafeta de campaña: (Sp.) field post office.
Estafetero: (Sp.) postmaster.
Est African Allemand Occupation Belge: (Ger.) 1: overprint
on stamps of Congo, Belgian East Africa overprint with new value; Belgian
occupation, 1916-22. 2: without value for German East Africa.
Estampado a mano: (Sp.) handstamped.
Estampilla(e): (Sp.) handstamp (South America).
Estampillas de Correo-Contrasena: (Sp.) overprint on Escuelas
stamps of Venezuela for provisional issues.
Estampille à main: (Fr.) handstamp.
Estanco: (Sp.) store licensed to sell postage and fiscal
Estensi post: Italy, Modena, 1852..
Estepona: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-38.
Estero: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices Abroad,
Estevan-Winnipeg: local, Canada, 1924.
Estimated value: the valuation of a lot based on the auctioneer's
or consignor's experiences, and not taken form any catalog or other
Estland: 1. (Ger.) Estonia, German occupation, 1918, 1941-42. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonia
Estnisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonian.
Eston: (Rom) Estonian (adj.).
Estonia: Baltic province of Russia, 1916-18: German Eastern Military
Command and Russia overprint using Eesti Post, 1917: became independent
from Russia, 1918: issued its own stamps and German occupation issues
as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped
Eesti Post, 1920: first semi-postal and air mail stamps, 1928: first
commemorative stamp, 1939: Soviet forces occupied country due to Russo-German
non-aggression pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April
30, 1944: German occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944:
re-occupied by Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared
Estonia: northern Europe, on the Baltic Sea; official name of
postal administration: Eesti Post currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble (1918,
1991), 100 penni = 1 mark (1919), 100 sents =1 kroon (1928,1992) 1916-18:
German Eastern Military Command and stamps of Russia overprint using
Eesti Post, 1918: became independent from Russia, occupied by Germany,
1918, Feb. 24: issued its own stamps as well as German occupation issues
as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1918, Nov. 22: No.1, 5 kopecks pale
red, Russian invasion, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped Eesti
Post, 1919, June 15: republic established, 1920, Mar. 13: first air
mail stamp, 1920: first semipostal stamps, 1922, July 7: joined the
UPU, 1940: Soviet forces occupied country based on Russo-German non-aggression
pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April 30, 1942: German
occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944: re-occupied by
Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared independence
from USSR, 1992, April 30: rejoined the UPU.
Estonie: (Fr.) Estonia.
Estonsko: (Czech.) Estonia
Estonsky: (Czech.) Estonian.
Estopost: local strike post, Canada, 1978.
Estrella: (Sp.) star, Carlist overprint of 1872-73.
Estucado: (Sp.) chalky (paper).
E. S. Wester Local Post: see Hälsingborg - E. S. Wester Local Post.
Észak: (Hung.) north.
Észak-Borneo: (Hung.) North Borneo.
Észt: (Hung.) Estonian.
ET: 1: Ethiopia; country code as used by UPU. 2: "state,:
French language countries.
Et: (Dan.) one (number).
ETA: Brazil, private airmail carrier.
Etablissements dans (de) l'Inde: (Fr.) French India, 1892-1907.
Etablissements de l'Océanie: (Fr.) French Oceania,
Etablissements des Détroits: (Fr.) Straits Settlements.
Établissements Français dans l'Inde: (Fr.) "French
Indian Settlements ," French
Empire in India, 1859-92: French Colonies general issues, 1892, Nov.-1907:
first stamps issued.
Etappenpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Base Post Office.
État: (Fr.) 1: state, condition (of stamps or covers).
2: "state, French language countries."
Etat Autonome du Sud-kasai: South Kasai overprint on stamps of
Congo, not recognized as a state.
État civil: local registry office; French Colony Revenue
Etat Comorien: see: Comoro Islands.
Etat domino: Donald Evans issue.
Etat du Cameroun: Cameroun.
Etats du Golfe Persique: (Fr.) Trucial States.
Etat du Inchi ya Katanga: province of Katanga.
Etat Francais: (Fr.) inscription, France, German occupation,
Etat Ind. du Congo: (Fr.) Congo Free State, 1886-1908.
Etats de l'Eglise: (Fr.) Roman States.
Etats Feudataires de l'Inde: (Fr.) Feudatory States of
Etats Indiens: (Fr.) Indian States.
Etats Malais Federes: (Fr.) Federated Malay States.
Etats Unis d'Amerique: (Fr.) United States of America.
ETB: (Ger.) abbreviation for first day.
Etching: the eating away of metal to produce a design drawn by
E.T.E.D.: (E.T.E. Dalton) initials of postal official of Colonial
post office at Georgetown, British Guina, 1850-51 issue.
ETF: (Fr.) Espagne Transit Francaise, used as a pre-adhesive
postmark on Spanish mail in transit from France.
Ethics, Philatelic Code of: American Philatelic Society, American
Topical Association and Society of Philatelic Americans jointly adopted
a code in 1979.
Ethiopia: formerly known as Abyssinia, Northeastern Africa; currency:
16 guerche = 1 menelik dollar = 1 maria theresa dollar, 100 centimes
= 1 franc (1905), 40 paras = 1 piaster (1908), 16 mehalek = 1 thaler
= 1 talari (1928), 100 centimes = 1 thaler (1936), 100 cents = 1 dollar
(1946), 100 cents = 1 birr = 1 dollar (1978) 1895, Jan.: No.1, 1/4 guerche
green, stamps first issued, first postage due stamp, 1908, Nov. 1: joined
the UPU, 1929, Aug.7: first air mail stamp, 1935-36: occupied by Italy,
1936, May 22: Italian Colonial stamps inscribed Ethiopia, 1936, Feb.
24: first semipostal stamp, 1938: incorporated into Italian East Africa,
1941: liberated by British force, British and Kenya stamps used at Addis
Ababa, 1942, March 23: first stamps on restoration of independence,
1945, Aug. 7: "V" overprint for liberation from Italy, 1952,
Sep.11: Ethiopia included former Italian colony of Eritrea.
Ethiopia, free: charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
Ethiopia, French Offices: 1906-08: first stamps inscribed Levant,
with values in French instead of Turkish currency, 1908: offices closed
when Ethiopia joined the UPU.
Ethiopie: (Fr.) handstamp overprint, Ethiopia.1901.
Ethiopiennes: Ethiopia, 1909-17.
Ethopia: Ethiopia, 1950-, see: Abyssinia.
Ethiopie: Ethiopia, 1901-49.
Etiketter: (Nor.) see Portoetiketter.
Etiopia: (It., Sp.) inscription, Ethiopia, Italian Occupation,
Etiopien: (Swed.) Ethiopia.
Etiopisk: (Swed.) Ethiopian.
Etiqueta: (Sp.) etiquette, label, sticker.
Etiquettes: any sticker or label prepared by a government, airline
and private firms to denote a type of service such as air mail, registration,
ETO: European Theater of Operations, also used as a military postal
Étoile: (Fr.) star (cancel).
Étranger: (Fr.) foreign, abroad.
Ets. Francs. de l'Oceanie: French Oceania, Polynesia.
Etsning: (Swed.) etching.
Ettlingen: local, displaced persons camp, 1946.
EU: 1: auction abbreviation for topical Europa. 2: Eustice: The
Australian Air Mail Catalog Europa: stamps issued since 1956, in the
PostEurop nations, with a common generic design.
EU: Colombia-Scadta consular overprints, sold in the United States.
E.U. de Colombia: (Sp.) Colombia air mail overprint.
E.U. do Brasil: (Port.) "Estados Unidos ," United
States of Brazil, inscription on newspaper stamps, 1890-93.
EUM: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Sp.) watermark
on stamps of Mexico.
Eupen, Eupen and Malmédy: eastern part of Belgium; 1850:
used stamps of Prussia, 1867: stamp dealer J. B. Moens issued own cinderellas,
1868-71: used stamps of the North German Confederation, 1871: used stamps
of Germany, 1920, Jan. 15: ceded by Germany to Belgium by Treaty of Versailles,
1920-21: Eupen and Malmédy overprints on stamps of Belgium, Belgian
Occupation of Germany, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer
Sigmund Hartig, 1925: Belgium stamps used, 1940, May: incorporated into
the Third Reich, 1940, July 25: German semipostal issued for reunion
of area with Germany, 1945: now part of the eastern cantons of Belgium,
Europa: (Nor.) Europe.
Europa Courier M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europafrica: common design on stamps of the French Community of
Europa Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europarådet: (Dan.) Council of Europe.
Europarat: (Ger.) Council of Europa.
Europasamlinger: (Swed.) European collections.
European Union (EU): a union of independent states took effect
Nov. 1, 1993, to enhance political, economic and social cooperation;
formerly known as European Community (EC) or European Economic Community
(EEC); members are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
and the United Kingdom.
European Year of Languages: celebrated in 2001 to celebrate linguistic
diversity among Europeans.
Européisk: (Nor.) European.
Euskeria: propaganda label with Basques name for their own country
in Spain, 1900s.
E US postage: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value
Eustis: Australia Airmail Catalogue Numbers.
Euzkadi: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937,
Evaluation: (Fr.) see: Estimated value.
Évalué(e): (Fr.) estimated.
Evans, Donald: 1945-76, artist who painted stamp art as nations,
did over 4,000 stamps, see: World of Donald Evans by Willy Eisenhart.
Evenkia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps,
Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Event cover: cacheted cover made as a souvenir of an event or
an anniversary of an event.
Event program: list of speakers or events in a stamp release program.
Everywhere Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evesham Stamp Club: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evreiesc: (Rom.) Jewish.
Evreu: (Rom.) Hebrew.
Evridoor Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evropa: (Czech.) Europe.
Evropsky: (Czech.) Europeean.
EX: 1: Personal Delivery (Czechoslovakia, Scott catalog number
prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: auction abbreviation
for topical exposition.
Ex-(Ferrari): Ex- followed by name of famous collector indicates
that the philatelic item was once in that philatelist's collection.
Exaccion: (Sp.) tax, fee, levy, found on fiscal locals.
Examiner's mark (Examined): postmark applied to denote examination
Excelsior Match: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Excelsior Match Co.: see: Private die match proprietary
Excess ink on stamps: caused by ink splatters, smears,
wiping flaws or undried ink from previous stamps.
Exchange: send mail to, or receive mail from, another country.
Exchange: on U.S. registration label; used for registered mail
that originated in another country and went through the U.S. to ultimate
Exchange club: stamp club where members circulate material by
mail, usually individually priced.
Exchange labels: term for registered mail labels in
postal facilities authorized to handle inbound and outgoing foreign
Exchange offices: post office designated for dispatch and receipt
of mails from foreign countries, can receive and send closed sacks of
Exchange ship mail: WW II ships met in neutral ports to exchange
civilians that were stranded overseas due to the ear's outbreak, and
also exchanged mail at the same time.
Executive: inscription on U.S. officials.
Exelgram: technique used by Australia Post to cover a printed
image with embossed plastic foil to scatter the light reflecting two
different colors depending on how it is viewed.
Exemplaire: (Fr.) example, unit (of a stamp, book, etc.).
Exenta de censura: (Sp.) exempt from censorship.
Exercito/en operacoes/contra/o Paraguay: (Port.) "Army
on Operations against Paraguay" inscription on stamps of Brazil
in war with Paraguay, 1865-70.
Exeter Emergency Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local
Exhibice: (Czech.) exhibition.
Exhibition cover: envelope or post card issued in connection with
an exhibition, as determined by stamp, cachet or postmark; Italy may
have issued the first in1894.
Exhibition labels, postmarks: poster stamps to advertise an exhibition;
first commemorative labels, 1845; first commemorative cancels, 1855.
Exhibition sheets: souvenir sheets issued at an exhibition, containing
a stamp(s) with postal value.
Exile stamps: issued by governments operating in exile when invaded.
Exiled government posts: postal services forces into exile and
operated by governments in time of war, Belgian government exile post
established at le Havre, France in 1914 due to German occupation.
EXP. I: (Ger.) first delivery of the post.
EXP. II: (Ger.) second delivery of the post, 1847.
Expatriated post: country overrun by enemy transferred their governments
and continued to issue stamps; frequently issued by ships at sea.
Expédier: (Fr.) forward.
Expediteur: (Fr.) sender.
Expédition: (Fr.) dispatch fee; French Colony revenue
Expedition stamps: stamps made for use of scientific or exploratory
expeditions, first Indian stamps overprinted for China Expeditionary
Exped. Scient: (with Oriental characters); China.
Exemplair: (Fr.) specimen.
Expendido: (Sp.) issued and placed on sale.
Experimento del Cohete Postal: (Sp.) experimental postal
rocket flight; first official stamp issued.
Experimento posta aero: overprint on special delivery stamps of
Italy, air mail, 1917, world's first air mail stamp, Torino-Rome and
Expert committee: a recognized body who, for a fee, will examine
and render an opinion relating to stamps or covers, judged by their
acknowledged experts to be genuine or false.
Expertisé: (Fr.) see: Expertized.
Expertizacion: (Sp.) expertization.
Expertizado: (Sp.) see: Expertized.
Expertized: a postage stamp or postal history item which has been
examined by an authority as being genuine, accompanied by the expertizer's
signature on the item, or by a signed photo certificate.
Expertizer / Expertizing committee: mutually agreed upon competent
authority recognized as being qualified to certify the identification,
authenticity, quality attributes and/or status of philatelic materials.
Expertizing: the process of conducting an examination of a philatelic
Expertizing certificate: document stating the opinions arrived
at by one or more experts in the course of examining a philatelic item.
Exploded booklet: disassembled booklet including stamp panes,
interleaves, covers, and staple.
Exploded cover: cover opened on three sides to display front and
Expo: abbreviation for exposition.
Exponat: (Ger.) stamp exhibit
Exponát: (Czech.) exhibit.
Exp on de Industrias de Madrid: (Sp.) Madrid
Industrial Exhibition, 1907, although stamps marked “Correos” they
were only valid for postal use within the exposition grounds; considered
a cinderella or local post.
Exporta issue: Mexican definitive stamp series featuring export
Export Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exporters Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exposant: (Fr.) exhibitor.
Exposicion conmemorativa (centenario) del sello español:
(Sp.) Stamp exhibition for centenary of first Spanish stamps,
held in Madrid, Oct. 12-22, 1950.
Exposicion de Barcelona: Spain exhibition, 1929-30.
Exposicion General Espanola: Spain general exhibition.
Exposicion Gral Sevilla Barcelona: Spanish exhibition in Barcelona.
Exposition 1949: overprint Ethiopia.
Exposition Coloniale Internationale Paris 1931: (without colony
name) France colonial exhibition.
Exposition Industrielle Damas 1929: Syria.
Expozitie: (Rom.) exhibition.
Expozytura Zan. Polowek w Kowel: (Pol.) field military
police office in Kowel handstamp, 1919, local issue.
Expres: (Czech.) express, express mail.
Exprès: (timbres) (Fr.) express, stamps indicating
that the mail piece should be delivered as soon as possible.
Expres-Compagni: local, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1880-82.
Expreso: (Sp.) 1: inscription/overprint for special delivery.
2: night express train, found in postmarks.
Expreso Caribe: local post, Colombia.
Expreso Colombiano: produced by private firm, Ribin e Hijo (Ribon
and Sons) who were granted the right to carry mail in 1923; issued express
stamps, including pigeon-design labels that were never used.
Expreso Tobon: local express stamp, Colombia, 1928.
Express: stamps indicating that the mail piece should be delivered
as soon as possible.
Express air mail: 1: stamps expressly made for air express services.
2: priority air mail service at a higher rate than regular air mail.
Expressbrev: (Swed.) express letters
Express-Compagnie: local, Dresden, Germany 1861-67.
Express company labels: labels used for mail handled by private
U.S. carriers, with a new label being added when the parcel was passed
to another carrier.
Express Courier Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery: (Sp.) 1: overprint for special delivery,
Mauritius. 2: inscription for special delivery, New Zealand.
Express Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery stamps: used by private firms to indicate prepayment
of charges on mail transmitted by their services.
Express dOrient: (Fr.) Orient Express, local post,
Expresses: firms that delivered mail between cities; some issued
their own adhesives.
Express labels: adhesive labels made to denote express and special
Express Mail (Perron): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express mail: USPS premium delivery service with guaranteed overnight
delivery service Espresso: (It.) "express," Italy, domestic
Express Shipping Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Expresso: special delivery, Spanish and Portuguese languages.
Express-Packet-Beforderung Schumann: local, Chemnitz, Germany,
Express-Packet-Verkehr: 1: local, Cologne, Germany, about 1886-1900.
2: local, Dresden, Germany, 1885-1916.
Express Parcels Delivery Co Ltd.: London, Great Britain parcels
local post, 1864-66.
Express Post One Cent: label of unknown origin.
Express stamps: postage stamps stating fee paid for accelerated
mail, first government issue was the U.S. in 1885.
Extension: the time period allowed by the auctioneer for certification
of lots purchased at auction by an Expertizer/Expertising Committee.
Extension perf hole: perforation pattern where row of perforations
is extended by one hole into either or both margins.
Exterior: with Mercury design, inscription on stamps of Uruguay,
Extensive cleaning: covers which have had a considerable portion
cleaned by either chemical or mechanical methods.
Exterior: (with Mercury design) Uruguay, parcel post.
Extra fine (XF): stamp condition
Extraneous paper (EP): paper, that doesnâ€™t belong
in that spot, when removed, may show an unprinted portion of stamp paper
with partially or totally missing colors.
Extranjero: (Sp.) foreign, from abroad.
Extraordinary surcharge: General Postal Union regulations permitted
extra fee on two routes due to long distances; mail within India and
mail which traveled the continental USA between San Francisco and New
York; see: G.P.U.
Extremely Fine: almost perfectly centered, imperforate stamps will have margins slightly larger than normal, perforated issues will have the design clear on all sides; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
EXUP XI 1978: overprint on Canadian stamp applied privately
for an exhibition in Montreal.
EY: Authorized Delivery, Italy; Scott catalog number prefix to
identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eynhallow: Holy Island, Scotland local carriage label,1974-84.
EZ, E-Z: Ellington-Zwisler: Rocket Mail Catalog
EzGrader: computer program used to grade stamps.
Éztország: (Hung.) Estonia.
Ezer: (Hung.) one-thousand (number).