of Stamp Collecting Terms
G: 1: Auction term for "good" condition. 2: Insured
Letter; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard
postage. 3: Symbol for Guilford Gravure, which appears before the plate
number on coil stamps. 4: Auction term for "good" condition. 5: German
catalogue abbreviation for gold overprint or surcharge. 6: with eagle
and United States of America; Pennsylvania Custom House revenue seal.
7: Gourde, currency unit of Haiti. 8: Guarani, currency unit of Paraguay.
9: Gum Disturbance. 10: Grenada; country code as used by the UPU. 11:
overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope for Griqualand West, 1877-80.
12: "Gouvernement"; overprint on official stamps of Canada, replaced the
previous "official" overprint O.H.M.S. as the result of complaints from
French Canadians. 13: inscription, yellow background, US non-denominated
stamp, valued 20¢, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994. 14: inscription,
white background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 32¢, placed on
sale Dec. 13, 1994. 15: blue background, US non-denominated stamp, valued
25¢, placed on sale Dec. 13,1994. 16: inscription, green background,
US non-denominated stamp, valued 5¢, placed on sale Dec.13,1994.
Gyllen: (Dan., Nor.) golden (metallic color).
GA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Georgia. 2: abbreviation for Ganzsache:
(Ger.) postal stationery. 3: Gabon, country code as used by the
Ga.: (Sp.) pre-adhesive postmark from Galacia, Spain.
GAB, Gabon: handstamp overprint on stamps of French Colonies for
Gabon, 1886-89; see Afrique Equatoriale Francaise.
Gabon: inscription on stamps of Gabon, 1904-07
Gabon Afrique Equatoriale: inscription used on stamps of Gabon,
Gabon, Congo Francaise: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1910.
Gabon A.E.F.: postage due stamps, 1928, "Afrique Equatorial Francais."
Gabon Timbre: (Fr.) handstamps on postage due stamps of
Gabonaise Republique: Republic of Gabon; former French Equatorial
Africa -west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1862:
earliest office in Libreville, routed mail via British PO at Fernando
Po, used French Colonies General issues, 1886, July 31: No.1, 5 centimes
red on green, stamps of French Colonies handstamped "GAB" and
surcharged, 1889-1904: combined with, and used stamps of French Congo,
then became part of French Equatorial Africa, 1904, Oct. 15: stamps of
Navigation and Commerce inscribed "Gabon," 1910: "Congo
Française Gabon" inscription, followed by "Afrique Equatorial
Gabon," 1915: first semipostal issued, 1928: first postage due issued,
P.D. stamps of France overprinted "Gabon," 1936-59: used stamps
of French Equatorial Africa, 1946: became an Overseas Territory of France,
1958: became autonomous within French community, 1959: inscription used
on stamps of Gabon, 1960: full independence with "Republique Gabonaise"
inscription, 1960: first air mail, depicting Dr. Schweitzer, issued, 1961,
July 17: joined the UPU, 1968: first official with map of Gabon, issued;
see Chad, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa.
Gabun: (Ger.) Gabon.
Gadiach: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1884-1913; also known as
Gagauzia: bogus issue from Moldova, not valid for postage.
Gaguzia: Moldova, cinderella local, mid 1960s.
Gahagan & Howe (G & H): U.S. local post, San Francisco, Ca.. 1849-70.
Gainsville, Al. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters'
Gairsay: Scottish local post in Orkney Islands, 1970's.
Gaither's City & Suburban Express Company: parcel firm serviced
an unknown area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Galama: advertisement of German origin.
Galapagos Islands: Pacific Ocean, 500 miles west of Ecuador; 1957,
July 15: Ecuador issued set inscribed "Islas Galapagos," 1959: triangular
stamp issued by Ecuador, 1959: first commemorative issued, 1973: a province
of Ecuador; see Barrel mail.
Galaroza: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Galata: city in Turkey, overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices
in Turkish Empire, 1909-10.
Galathea, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation
Company built around 1850s, for lower Danube lines.
Galati: formerly Galatz, Romania.
Galben: (Rom.) yellow (color).
Galben-lamîie: (Rom.) lemon-yellow (color).
Galben-oliv: (Rom.) olive-yellow (color).
Galbui: (Rom.) yellowish (color).
Gal Courier Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Galdames: (Sp.) overprint on Republican stamps issued in
Burgos in 1937 for air mail; never used, city and stamps captured by Nationalists.
Gales: (Sp.) Wales.
Galicia, Eastern: part of Austro-Hungarian Empire; 1918: stamps
of Austria overprinted "Ykp. H.P," 1919: various stamps issued for short-lived
independent state, 1920: came under control of Poland.
Galioub: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Galipoli: Ottoman Empire, Egyptian seals for overseas offices,
see Interpostal seals, 1868.
Gallaway, M. C.: postmaster, Memphis, Tenn., issued Confederate
Postmaster's Provincial stamp and envelope.
Gallin: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1880.
Galvano: (Fr.) electrotyped plate.
Galveston, Tex. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters'
Galvinisk fälling: (Swed.) electroplating.
Gambia: polar bear; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David
Gambia: former British colony, west coast of Africa; currency:
12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 bututs = 1 dalasy (1971) 1821: part of Sierra
Leone, 1843: separate colony, 1869, Jan: No.1, 4 pence pale brown, first
stamps, picturing Queen Victoria, 1888: British Crown Colony, 1963: became
self-governing, 1965, Feb. 18: independent within the Commonwealth, name
changed to The Gambia, 1970, April 24: named a republic, 1974, Oct. 9:
joined the UPU, 1981, Dec.: agreed to merge with Republic of Senegal,
1982, Feb. 1: new name is Senegambia.
Gambie: (Fr.) Gambia.
Gambiers: ocean island group, bogus overprints, 1877.
Gambilla: French bicycle fantasy.
G&D;: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Gandershe: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gandia: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
G and R: mark on prisoner of war mail sent by Americans captured
during the War of 1812-14, while imprisoned in England.
Ganzbrief: (Ger.) entire cover..
Ganzsache (GA, GS): (Ger.) postal stationery, entire.
Ganzachenalbum: (Ger.) cover album.
Ganzsachen, postamtliche: (Ger.) official postal stationery.
Ganzsachen, private: (Ger.) private postal stationery.
Ganzstück: (Ger.) entire piece.
GAOR: British Army on the Rhine, WWII.
Gap: unprinted space between the ends of two printed precanceling
lines, indicating the seam between the mat; if the gap falls on the joint
line, it is known as a line gap. plates.
GAPA: Guichets d'Affranchissement Postal Automatique (Fr.)
French all-digital postage meter machine, 1993.
GAPO: Base Army Post Depot, British military cancel for
Garage Hudson: local post, Barranquilla, Colombia, 1924.
Garanti: (Dan., Fr.) guaranteed.
Garantie: (Ger.) guarantee.
Garantieschein: (Ger.) marking applied to stamps by the
issuing agency indicting that the stamp is genuine and valid for postal
use; also "expert's mark."
Garantistempel: (Dan.) guarantee mark.
Garbage card: nickname given to the full-face portrait of the McKinley
postal card (1902) that was supposedly destroyed; one box of 500 was sold
by post office imprinted with name of a garbage firm.
Garch: Nejd, currency unit of Saudi Arabia.
Garder: (Fr.) to keep, to save.
Gardiner, Charles K.: postmaster, Washington, D. C. 1845-49, issued
provisional stamped envelopes in 5 and 10 cent values.
Gardner, Beer & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gare: (Fr.) station (railway).
Gargoyle Motor Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Detroit,
Mich area; used stamps, booklets; year unknown.
Garrucha: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, Republican,
Garstang & Knot End Railway: British local post.
Garzon: Tolima, Colombia provisional label,1894.
Gastado: (Sp.) worn.
Gaston, N. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gates', William Sons: see Private die match proprietary
Gates, Wm.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gata, Gato: (Sp.) cat (thematic).
Gatto: (It.) cat (thematic).
Gauche: (Fr.) left.
Gaucin: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gaufré (papier): (Fr.) embossed paper.
Gauge: number of perforation holes in a length of 20 mm.
Gauthier Freres & Cie.: (Fr.) Trans-Atlantic local, 1857.
Gaveradiobrev (GOL): (Dan.) radio letter combined with a
gift, started in Denmark in 1932.
Gayalonga: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gay & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm that serviced
eastern cities; used labels, 1847-48.
Gay, Kinsley & Co.: U. S. local post handstamp, serviced Boston,
Mass., and other major eastern cities; used labels, 1848.
Gay's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and New York City,
used labels, 1845-46.
Gaza, Territory of: located on shore of Mediterranean Sea around
town of Gaza, in Gaza Strip; 1917-48: Great Britain's Palestine Mandate
from the League of Nations, 1948, May 15: controlled by Egypt, 1948: first
postage due, air mail issued, 1948, June 1-June 1967: "Palestine"overprint
on stamps of Egypt, 1956, Oct. 29-March 7, 1957: occupied by Israel, used
stamps of Israel, 1965, Jan. 15: UNEF, United Nations Emergency Force,
1967, June-Jan. 1980: occupied by Israel, used stamps of Israel.
Gazeta: (Rom.) newspaper.
Gazette Moldov: cinderella used in movie "The Truth About
Charlie" a remake of "Charade."
GB: 1: universal abbreviation for Great Britain. 2: international
postal code for the United Kingdom..
GB: Colombia Scadta consular overprint for Great Britain.
Gb: German catalogue abbreviation for yellow overprint or surcharge.
G.B. Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
G.B.S.: (G. B. Smith) initials of postal official of Colonial post
office at Georgetown, British Guinea, 1850-51 issue.
GB used: stamps of Great Britain used abroad (mainly Jamaica).
G.C.: Gobierno Constitutionalista (Constitutional Government);
overprint on Mexican revolutionary provisionals, 1913-15.
G.C.M.: 1: Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico, Constitutional Government overprint on federal stamps of Mexico during the 1913-16 civil war, and also used on many of the local provisional overprints. 2: overprint for Oaxaca
and Sonora revenue issues, Mexico.
G D: "Grand Duchy" inscription on stamps of Luxembourg 1859-82.
Gdansk: (Pol.) Polish name for Danzig; see Danzig.
GD Liban: overprint on stamps of France, Lebanon, during French
Gdof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874-1912.
GD-OT: (Ger., Czech.) overprint on the Bohemia and Moravia
newspaper stamp in German and Czech language for commercial printed matter,
GDR: German Democratic Republic, East Germany
GE: Georgia; country code as used by the UPU.
G.E.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of East Africa and Uganda Protectorates for German
East Africa, 1917-1922.
Gebet: (Dan.) territory, see Område.
Gebiet: (Ger.) district.
Gebot: (Ger.) bid, bid sheet.
Gebraucht: (Ger.) used.
Gebrochen: (Ger.) broken.
Gebrüenfreiheitsmarke: (Ger.) free frank handstamp, or label.
Gebt fur die Winterhilfe der freienWohlfahrtspflege Wir Wollen helfen:
(Ger.) "Give for Winter Relief Welfare Care. We want to help,"
Germany cancel, 1932.
Gebühr: (Ger.) tax, a compulsory payment, such as a postage
Gebühr bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Gebührenfrei : (Ger.) free of charge.
Gebürhrenmarke: (Ger.) fiscal stamp.
Gebürhrenmarke für briefzutellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery
Gebürhrenmarke für paketzustellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery
stamp, parcel post.
Gebyr: (Dan.) late fee.
Gebyrmærke: (Dan.) Late fee stamp.
Gebyrmärken: (Swed.) late fee postage stamp, special services postage stamp.
Gebyrmærke: (Dan.) late fee stamp.
Gedda: Hejaz, Egyptian seals for overseas office; see Interpostal
Gedenkausgabe: (Ger.) commemorative.
Gedenkblatt: (Ger.) souvenir page.
Gedenkbogen: (Ger.) souvenir sheet.
Gedenkmarke: (Ger.) commemorative stamp.
Gedruckt: (Ger.) printed.
Gefälligkeits-gestempelt: (Ger.) cancelled
Gefälscht: (Ger.) forged, counterfeit.
Gefalzt: (Ger.) hinged.
Geffälligkeitsstempelung: (Ger.) canceled to
order, stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used
Gegittert: (Ger.) quadrille.
Gehalveers: (Dut.) bisected stamp.
Geislingen: German, displaced persons camp local post,
GEJ: George E. Jacobs, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate
Geknickt: (Ger.) folded, creased.
Gelatin: a varnish coating on a postcard that produces
a glossy surface.
Gel./A: gelesen Abwehr (Ger.) read by military
security, appears as a boxed square on outgoing military mail.
Gelb: (Ger.) yellow (color).
Gelblich: (Ger.) yellowish when used in combination
with other colors.
Gelegenheits-ausgabe: (Ger.) special or commemorative
Gelibolu: formerly Gallipoli, Turkey.
Gelida: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Gelochte marke: (Ger.) perfin.
Gelsenkirchen: German local post, 1897-98.
Gemeinnutziger Verein Stadtbrefbeforderung: local, Dresden,
Germany about 1908.
Gemini News Service: United Kingdom strike local post,
Genalguacil: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
General collection: a collection of the entire world
rather than a specialized collection of one or more countries or topics.
General delivery: USPS term that allows customers with
identification to pick up mail at post offices.
General Government of Poland: area of Poland occupied
by Germany in both World Wars; 1915, May 12: occupied by Germany, 1939,
Dec.1: overprint "Deutsche Post Osten" on stamps of Germany, then special stamps for area.
1940: overprint "General Gouvernment" on stamps of Germany.
General Gouvernement: overprint on stamps of Poland
for German Occupation, 1940-44.
General Gouvernement Deutsches Reich/Grossdeutsches Reich: inscription
on stamps of Germany for German Occupation of Poland.
Gen Gouv. Warschau: overprint on stamps of Germany,
Warsaw, Poland, German occupation 1916-17.
General Grant Expedition: inscription on local/phantom
post of Auckland Islands; used to raise money to retrieve gold from sunken
ship General Grant, 1866.
General issue: 1: stamps that are issued for ordinary
postage use, rather than for air mail, postage due, etc. 2: British revenue
stamps for use in America, 1765-66
General Postal Union (GPU): forerunner of the Universal
Postal Union; 1863: U.S. Postmaster General Montgomery Blair organized
the Paris Postal Conference, 1873: Heinrich von Stephan renewed concept,
1874: convened in Switzerland, 1878: renamed Universal Postal Union.
Generalsammler: (Ger.) general collector.
Geneva: in southwestern part of Switzerland, 1843-48:
Switzerland local canton inscription, 1850: Swiss federal stamps issued.
Geneva: United Nations Post Office(s) 1950-63, 1969-
Gennemsnit: (Dan.) average quality.
Gennemstiking, gennemstukket: (Dan.) roulette perforation,
Gennemstukken i kors: (Dan.) rouletted perforation
in the shape of diamonds.
Gennemstukken i linier: (Dan.) rouletted perforation
in the shape of lines.
Gennemstukken i punkter: (Dan.) rouletted perforation
in the shape of pin holes.
Gennemstukken i rombisk: (Dan.) rouletted perforation
in the shape of lozenges.
Gennemstukken i savtakket: (Dan.) rouletted perforation
in saw tooth shape.
Genoa: also known as Genova, Italy.
Genomstick: (Swed.) roulette perforation.
Geöffnet: (Ger.) censor mark from German language
George's Post (Lutton): United Kingdom strike local
Georgetown, S.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters'
Georg Butow: stamp dealers overprint on stamps of Germany.
Georgia: south of Russia on the Black Sea;. currency:
100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 kopecks = 1 coupon (1993), 100 tetri = 1 lari
(1995) 1918, May 22: declared independence, formerly province of the
Russian Empire, 1919-1920: British occupation forces issued stamps for city of Batum,
1921, Feb. 27: occupied by the Red Army, proclaimed Soviet Republic,
1922: stamps of the Soviet Socialist Republic, 1922: first semipostal
stamp issued, 1922, Mar. 12: joined Transcaucasion Federation of Soviet
Republics 1924: stamps of Georgia replaced by stamps of the Transcaucasion
Federation of Soviet Republics, 1993, April 1: joined the UPU, 1993,
July 31: first stamp as Republic of Georgia, 1994, Mar.1: joined with
other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Georgia: first federal issue revenue of US, July 1,
1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Georgia e Sandwich del Sud: (It.) Georgia and
South Sandwich Islands.
Georgian: stamp pertaining to King George V, VI of Great
Géorgie: (Fr.) Georgia.
Géorgie, La: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgien: (Ger., Swed.) Georgia.
Georgienne, Republique: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgisk: (Swed.) Georgian.
Gepr.: (Ger.) expertized.
Geprüft: (Ger.) see Expertize.
Geprüft Abwh: (Ger.) checked by military security marking.
Gera: 1: Germany local, courier mail, 1893. 2: German
private courier local, 1897-1900. 3: Dick & Stutz local courier service, 1890-91. 4: Hausler
Express package, local,1886-92.
Gerard's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gerauchert: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gereiniget: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gerichtskostenmarke: (Ger.) Austrian court
fee revenue stamp.
Geriffelt: (Ger.) ribbed.
German Administration of Albania: 1943; see Albania
German Administration of Danzig: 1939, see Danzig
German Administration of Marianas: May 1900; see Mariana Islands.
German Administration of Marhsall Islands: 1899; see Marshall Islands.
German Administration of Samoa: 1900; see Samoa.
German air labels: pre-WW I, portraits of early German
airmen and the royal family; privately printed for forces personnel to
apply to their mail, which was post free.
German-American Seapost: international sea post on North
German Lloyd ships, 1890.
German-Austrian Postal Union: Wurttemberg joined in 1851.
German Cameroons (Kamerun): see Cameroon.
German Colonies Study Group: collectors of postal history
and stamps of the former German Colonies and Post Offices Abroad,1870
to 1917, and WWI occupations thereof.
German Democratic Republic: aka East Germany, former
Soviet occupied zone; currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark, 100 pfennigs
= 1 mark of the Deutsche Notenbank (MDN) (1965), 100 pfennigs = 1 mark
of the National Bank (1969), 100 pfennigs = 1 Deutsche mark (West) (1990)
1946: Allied Occupation issues, but Soviet Zone stamp issued inscribed"Deutsche
Post," 1948, July 3: Soviets had stamps handstamped with district
names and numbers, followed by provisional overprint "Sowjetische
/ Besatzubnngs / Zone," 1948, Aug. 29: German semipostal used in
Russian Zone, 1949, Oct. 1: established inscription "Deutsche Demokratische
Republic," first used Mar. 2, 1950, 1949, Oct. 30: first semipostal
"Deutsche Post" issued, 1954: first official issued, originally
sold used only, 1957, Dec.
13: first airmail issued, 1990, Oct. 3: reunited with (West) Germany.
German East Africa: German colony in East Africa bordering
on the Indian Ocean; currency: 64 pesa = 1 rupee, 100 heller = 1 rupee
(1905), 100 centimes = 1 franc (1916), 12 pence = 1 shilling (1919),
100 cents = 1 rupee (1917), 12 pence = 1 shilling = 100 cents = 1 rupee
(1917) 1858: Arabian caravan route carried letters, 1876: Church and
London missionary Societies had regular runners, 1887: German East Africa
Co. received charter to the area, 1890, Oct. 4-Oct. 20, 1917: German
stamps used, 1891: named German East Africa by Germany, 1893, July 1:
No. 1, 2 pesa brown, first stamps issued by Germans, with surcharge "Deutsche Ostafrika,"
1900: inscription "Deutsche Ostafrika" used, 1914, Oct. 1-July
31, 1915: German East Africa stamps used for FPO's, 1914-18: Allied occupation
stamps of India used with overprint "I.E.F" .(Indian Expeditionary
Forces); East Africa and Uganda issues overprinted "G.E.A."
1916: stamps of Germany salvaged from cruiser Königsberg, 1916: British
ceded to Belgium provinces of Ruanda and Urundi (Belgian East Africa);
stamps of Belgian Congo handstamped "Ruanda," and "Est
Africain Allemand Occupation Belge," and Kionga area to Portugal
which became part of the Mozambique Colony, 1916: stamps of Nyasaland
Protectorate overprinted "N.F.," 1917: stamps of East Africa
and Uganda overprint for British mandate, "G.E.A." 1918: stamps
of Belgian Congo overprinted "A.O." Afrique Orientale (East
Africa) as semipostals, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer
Sigmund Hartig, 1920: mandated to Great Britain as Mandated Territory
of Tanganyika, now part of the Republic of Tanzania.
German Empire: 1. Australasia (Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Palau, Samoa); Cameroon, German East Africa, German New Guinea, German South West Africa (Namibia), Kiauchau, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Togo. 2. just south of Denmark, on Baltic Sea;
1871: German Empire formed, 1872: first German Empire issue, 1903: first
semipostal issued, 1919: first air mail stamps issued, 1919: Empire ceased
to exist, then became an Empire again with the proclamation of the Third Reich in 1933. (The 1st Reigh was the Holy Roman Empire, the 2nd was in 1871.)
German Empire States that issued stamps: Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover, Lubeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Württemburg.
German Federal Republic: see Germany.
Germania: 1: symbolic figure of the German Empire from
a portrait of Anna von Stratz-Fuhring, a Wagnerian opera star. 2: (It.) Germany.
Germania Occidentale: (It.) Germany
Germania Orientale: (It.) German Democratic
Germania, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam
Navigation Company built around 1840s, for lower Danube lines.
German Inflation Period: after World War I; due to the
Versailles Treaty reparations, inflation and economic depression, value
of the currency fell sharply, stamps were produced and surcharged but
were obsolete by the time they reached the post offices with the peak
a 50-billion-mark stamp late in 1923.
German Kamerun: see Kamerun.
German Mailboats: see Mailboats.
German New Guinea: eastern portion of the island of
New Guinea; former German protectorate made up of part of New Guinea
and Bismarck Archipelago, currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 mark 1884: Germany
annexed northern area of island of New Guinea, used German stamps, 1897:
German colonial stamps, boundaries of Dutch, German and British spheres
settled, 1897: No.1, 3 pfennigs brown, German colonial stamps used, overprinted
or inscribed "Deutsch Neu-Guinea," 1900: first stamps issued, 1906, Nov.
8: British New Guinea stamps overprinted, 1914: occupied by Allied Forces,
placed under Australian administration, renamed New Britain 1914, Oct:
overprint "GRI" with value, on German colonial stamps, 1914,
Dec.: overprinted stamps of Marshall Islands used, 1915: first official
stamps with surcharge G.R.I. and O.S., 1915, Mar.: stamps of Australia
overprinted "N.W. Pacific Islands" for use in Nauru and German
New Guinea, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund
Hartig, 1920: mandated to Australia by League of Nations, issued stamps
as territory of New Guinea, currently part of Papua New Guinea. 1925:
first stamps, first official stamps, inscribed "Territory of New
Guinea," 1931, June: first air mail stamp, 1942: Japanese invasion,
Australia and New Zealand forces post offices used in New Guinea, 1945,
Oct. 30: civil administration restored; trust territory combined Papua
and New Guinea; see New Guinea, British; New Guinea, West; and
Papua and New Guinea.
German Occupation of Belgium: 1914: stamps of Germany
overprinted Belgien, WW II: Belgium used own stamps, see Belgium.
German Occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: 1916-18:
stamps of Germany overprinted "Postgebiet Ob.Ost," 1918: stamps of
Russia surcharged for use in Tartu (Dorpat), 1941, Sept. 29- April 30,
1942: Germans stamps inscribed "Eastland Eesti" with swastika,
for use in Tartu district of Estonia, 1941, Sep. 29: first semipostal
issued inscribed "Eastland Eesti," 1941-43: stamps of Germany
overprinted "Ostland," then stamps of USSR used.
German Occupation of France: (Alsace and Lorraine);
1870: stamps inscribed "Postes Centime," 1916: stamps of Germany surcharged,
1940: stamps of Germany overprinted "Elsas" and "Lothringen" (Lorraine).
German Occupation of Guernsey: "Guernsey Postage" stamps issued, 1941.
German Occupation of the Ionian Islands: 1943: used
stamps of Greece except for the handstamp overprint "Isole Joine" for island of Zante.
German Occupation of Latvia: 1919: stamps of Germany
German Occupation of Lithuania: 1916-17: overprint on
stamps of Germany.
German Occupation of Ljubljana: 1944: stamps of Italy
overprinted / surcharged "Provinz Ljublianska Laibach"
German Occupation of Luxembourg: 1940: stamps of Germany
overprinted and surcharged in German currency, 1942-44: German stamps
German Occupation of Montenegro: 1943: stamps of Yugoslavia
overprinted / surcharged "Deutsche Miltaer Verwaltung Montenegro" 1944:
stamps of Yugoslavia and Montenegro overprinted for semipostal use.
German Occupation of Poland: 1915, May 12: stamps of
Germany overprinted "Russisch Polen" or "Gen.-Gouv. Warschau" 1939, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted "Deutsche Post Osten," 1940-44:
"General Gouvernement" issues, 1940, April: first official stamps,
1940, Aug.17: first semipostal issued.
German Occupation of Romania: 1917-18: stamps of Germany
overprinted "M.V.i.R., (Military Administration of Romania) or "Rumanien," 1918: first postage due issued.
German Occupation of Russia: 1941: stamps of Germany
German Occupation of Serbia: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia
German Occupation of Ukraine: 1919: stamps of Germany
overprinted "Ukraine," 1941-43: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ukraine."
German Occupation of Zante: an Ionian Island; 1943:
overprint on stamps of Italy, used 8 days, then used stamps of Greece.
German Offices in China: currency: 100 pfennings = 1
mark, 100 cents - 1 dollar (1905) 1886, Aug.16: Shanghai postal agency
opened, German stamps used, 1898: stamps of Germany overprinted "China" used,
1900: issues for Foochow and Tientsin, 1917, March 17: all offices closed
because China broke relations with Germany.
German Post offices in Morocco: currency: 100 centimos
= 1 peseta 1899, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted / surcharged "Marocco"
or "Marokko" 1911: last German stamps issued, 1914, Aug. 3:
French zone office closed, 1919, June 16: Spanish zone office closed,
stamps became obsolete, see Morocco.
German Post Offices in Turkish Empire: 1870, March 1-1872:
Pera office opened, used stamps of North German Confederation 1872-84:
used stamps of Germany, 1884: German issues surcharged in Turkish currency
1914, Sept. 30: all offices closed.
German Post Office in Zanzibar: 1890, Aug. 27: opened
with arrival of German mail boat, used stamps of Germany, 1891, July
31: post office closed.
German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia: 1939, July
15: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted / inscribed "Böhmen u Mãhren,
Cechy a Morava," 1939: postage due stamps issued, 1940, June 29:
semipostal stamps issued, 1941, Jan, 1: official stamps issued.
German Protectorates: 1887, June 1: joined the UPU,
1902, feb. 24: changed UPU affiliation to include Africa, Asia and Australia.
German Samoa: islands northeast of New Zealand, eastern
half of island group; 1899, pre: administered jointly by Britain, Germany
and the U.S., 1899: Britain withdrew, used overprinted stamps of Germany,
1900: first stamps without overprints issued, followed by German colonial
stamps 1914, Aug. 29: occupied by New Zealand, German stamps overprinted
with value in sterling, overprint "Samoa" on stamps of New Zealand,
1920: mandated to New Zealand by the League of Nations; currently Samoa; see Samoa.
German SouthWest Africa: north of South Africa on south
Atlantic; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark 1884, April 24: proclaimed a
German protectorate, 1888, July 8: used stamps of Germany, 1897, March:
No.1, 3 pfennigs dark brown, German colonial stamps used overprinted "Deutsch Sudwest Afrika," 1914-15: occupied by South Africa and their stamps used, 1920: country
mandated to Union of South Africa by the United Nations, 1920s: mourning
label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1923: named South
West Africa with own stamps, currently Namibia.
German States: Germany consisted of large number of
states prior to the formation of the German Empire; each issued their
own stamps; Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover,
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony,
Schleswig-Holstein and Württemberg; other states used stamps of Thurn
and Taxis postal administration. 1868: North German Confederation formed,
1871: German Empire formed, all states except Bavaria and Württemberg
stopped issuing stamps, 1918: Bavaria and Württemberg stopped issuing
their own stamps, 1945: Baden and Württemberg issued their own stamps
as part of the French zone of occupation.
German Togo: 1897: stamps of Germany overprinted "Togo."
German type: a form of printers type seen with elaborate
lettering used mainly on German stamp overprints; also called Gothic.
Germany: German Federal Republic; located in north-central
Europe; official name of postal administration: Deutsche Post AG currency:
30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler, 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden, 100 pfennigs = 1
deutschemark (1948), 100 cents = 1 Euro (2002) 1867: North German Confederation
formed, 1871: German Empire formed, 1872: No.1, 1/4 groschen violet,
first German Empire issue, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1903: first
local official stamp issued for Prussia, 1918, Nov. 8: Emperor Wilhelm
II abdicates, became Republic, renamed Deutsches Reich, 1919, June 1:
Empire ceased to exist, Republic National Assembly issues, 1919, May
1: first semipostal issued, 1919, Nov. 10: first air mail stamp issued,
1919-21: Belgian occupation of Eupen & Malmedy portion, overprint "Allemagne Duitschland,
Eupen, Malmedy"on Belgian stamps, 1920: first official stamp issued,
1923: inflation issues, 1931, Jan. 12: Allied Control Commission dissolved,
1939, Nov. 1: first newspaper stamps issued, 1942: military stamps issued
for Allied occupation, 1945-46: French occupation, 1945-46: A.M.G. occupation
issues for civilian use in American, British and Russian zones, 1945-46:
"Zone Francaise" issues for civilian use in French zone of occupation,
1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, see Berlin Germany, 1949: Russian
occupation, first commemorative, semipostal stamps, 1949: Russian occupied
areas became separate country, German Democratic Republic, 1949, Sept.
7: first stamps of Bundes Republic; semipostal issued, 1949, Sept. 21:
country formally divided into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and
East Germany (German Democratic Republic). 1949: Republic of West Germany
with Allied zones of occupation, 1950: Deutsche Bundespost inscription
first seen on stamps of West Germany. 1990, Oct. 3: German Democratic
Republic (East Germany) reunited with Germany (West Germany); see Baden,
Berlin, Rhine Palatinate, Württemberg.
Germany: Zeitungs-Bucher-Spedition (Z.B.S.), local,
Germany, Eastern Command: comprised of Estonia, Latvia
and Lithuania; 1916: overprint on stamps of Germany "Postebit Ob Ost."
Germany, French Zone of: 1945: general stamps valid
throughout zone, then stamps for Baden, Rhineland Palatinate, Saar and
Wurttemberg.1949: replaced by Federal Republic of Germany.
Germany, Postal Code Districts: see Postal
Germany Scadta: Colombian airline postal service, 1921-23.
Germany, Soviet Zone: eastern portion of occupied Germany;
1945: see Berlin-Brandenberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, 1946-48: occupation issues for American, British and Russian
zones, 1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, 1949: country divided
into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and East Germany (German
Democratic Republic) former Soviet Zone, each with own stamps.
Germany, West Berlin: WW II end - Sept. 19, 1948: stamps
of Anglo-American Zones of Germany valid, 1948: occupation issue of 1947
overprinted "Berlin" for Anglo-American areas, 1950, Jan. 20: stamps of West Berlin valid in
Federal Republic of Germany.
Gerusalemme: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy,
Offices in Turkey, Jerusalem, 1909, Feb.-1911.
Gescheidle stamps: (Ger.) see Blue Mauritius.
Geschenk-päckchen: (Ger.) presentation pack.
Geschnitten: (Ger.) imperforate.
Gesellschaftsstempel: (Ger.) company postmark.
Gesenk: (Ger.) die.
Gessata carta: (It.) chalky paper.
Gestempelt: (Ger.) canceled, postmarked.
Gestörengummi: (Ger.) disturbed gum.
Gestrich: (Ger.) coated.
Gestrichenes papier: (Ger.) laid paper.
Gesundheitshelfer: (Ger.) East Germany Red
G et D: Guadeloupe et Dépendencies) overprint on stamps
of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Geteilt, Halbiert: (Ger.) bisected stamp cut
in half, which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value
of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover
with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut.
Getönt: (Ger.) toned.
Gewerkschafts Bewegung 60 Jahre: Austria overprint.
Gewöhnlich: (Ger.) common.
GEX: French local, 1944
Gezähnt (Gez.): (Ger.) perforated.
GF: 1: Gold Fields, South Australia official overprint,
1868-74. 2: French Guiana; country code as used by the UPU.
G.F.B.: Gaue Faka Buleaga (On Government Service),
overprint on stamps of Tonga officials.
GFH: George F. Henlock, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate
Gfr: Franc, currency of Guinea-Conarky.
G First-Class: Presorts United States non-denominated
postage stamp, value 25¢, October 13, 1994.
GH: Ghana; country code as used by the UPU.
Ghadames: town in Libya; 1946: stamps of Italy
and Libya overprinted "Fezzan Occupation Français," 1949, April
12: occupied by Free French forces, stamps issued under French administration,
1951, Dec. 24: became part of independent Libya; see Fezzan-Ghadames,
Libya. Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps of Libya,
French Occupation, 1949.
Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps
of Libya, French Occupation, 1949.
Ghana: west Africa between Benin and the Ivory Coast;
former British West Africa colony of Gold Coast; official name of postal
administration: Ghana Postal Services Corporation currency: 12 pence
= 1 shillling, 20 shillings = 1 pouni, 100 pesewas = 1 cedi (1965, 1972),
100 new pesewas = 1 new cedi (1967) 1875-1928: first stamps issued in
British colonial keytype, 1957, March 6: No.1, 2 pence rose/red, renamed
Ghana as independent dominion, includes British Togoland, 1957, Oct.
10: joined the UPU, 1959, Oct. 5: first air mail issued, 1958, June 25:
first postage due issued, 1960, July 1: named republic within British
Commonwealth. 1961: postal authorities sold remainders of their stamps
canceled-to-order, 1997, Aug. 12: first semipostal.
Ghana Independence: overprint on stamps of Gold Coast, Ghana, 1961.
GHD: George H. Davis, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Ghent: also known as Gand, Gent; Belgium
Ghetou: (Rom.) ghetto.
Ghirga: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghirlandaio Christmas 1975: U. S. non-denominated postage
stamp, value 10¢, 1975.
Ghiseh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghorush: Turkey currency unit.
Ghost: a light double printing apart from the normal
inked stamp impression caused by mis-registration and incorrect printing
procedures, may also be caused by phosphor inking picking up a design.
Ghost bidder: auction term for bidding against a ghost.
Ghost stamps: a portrait or scene shown in some detail
of original design.
Ghost towns: towns that were formerly post offices.
Ghudamis: formerly Ghadames, Libya.
Ghurush: unit of currency in Turkey from 1926.
GI: Gibraltar; country code as used by the UPU.
Giallo: (It.) yellow (color).
Giamaica: (It.) Jamaica
Giapiks: currency unit in Azerbaijan.
Giappone: (It.) Japan.
Gibbons Catalogue Number: number assigned to a philatelic
item by British Stanley Gibbons editors according to that publisher's criteria for such assignment.
Gibbons (Stanley) Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gibilterra: (It.) Gibraltar.
Gibraleon: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1936-38.
Gibraltar: located on southern tip of Spain, as British
colony; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100
centimos = 1 peseta (1889), 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1857: British
stamps used with 'G' and 'A 26' cancels, 1886, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 penny
green, overprint on stamps of Bermuda for Gibraltar, 1886, Dec.: first
own definitives, 1886-98: stamps used by the British post offices in
Morocco, overprinted "Morocco Agencies," 1907: British stamps used in Morocco, 1918, April: first War Tax stamp issued, 1956, Dec. 1: first postage due issued.
Gibraltar: rock of Gibraltar, four rocks, unissued Great
Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gibuti: (It.) Djibouti
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Giessen: German local post, 1887-1900, 1923.
Gilbber & Glico Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding
frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Gilbert and Elise Islands: see Christmas island, Tuvalu.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands: British protectorate in
the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australia; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling,
20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1966) 1892: annexed as
British Protectorate, 1901: used stamps of New South Wales, 1911, Jan.1:
No.1, 1/2 penny green, overprint on stamps of Fiji "Gilbert & Ellice Protectorate"as first issue, 1912: stamps of the British Colonial keytype inscribed "Gilbert
& Ellice Islands" issued, 1915: became Gilbert and Ellice Islands
Colony, 1916: Fanning and Washington Islands added to group, 1918: first
War Tax stamp issued, 1919: Christmas Island added to group, 1940, Aug.:
first postage due issued, 1976, Jan. 1: the two groups separated; Gilbert
stayed with the original name, Ellice became Tuvalu, 1979, July 11: Gilbert
Gilbert & Elliceöarna: (Swed.) Gilbert & Ellice Islands.
Gilbert and Ellice Protectorate: overprint on stamps
of Fiji for Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Jan. 1, 1911.
Gilbert & Sullivan Islands: North Mikado Island inscription,
eight designs; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gilbert és Ellice Szigetek: (Hung.)Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert et Ellice: (Fr.) Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert Islands: broke away from Gilbert and Ellice
Islands; 1976, Jan. 2: issued commemorative stamps and became a Crown
Colony, 1979: stamps replaced by stamps of Kiribati.
Gilchrist's Post: United Kingdom strike local post,
Gillett & Co's Express: private mail firm, serviced
Boston and Newburyport, Mass., used labels, 1861-67.
Gilligans Island: issued for supposed uncharted isle
in Pacific created for popular television program.
Gillpatrick's Express: private mail firm serviced San
Francisco and Antioch, Calif. via the steamboat Parthenius; used labels, 1874-78.
Gill's Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gilman's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced
Boston, Mass., and Bangor, Maine; used labels; 1844-48.
Gilpin: name in oval handstamps "Forwarded Through Gilpin's Exchange
Reading Room and Foreign letter Office N. York" 1839-41, Gilpin received
outgoing foreign mail for delivery to the post office.
Gingin Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames
from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Giordania: (It.) Jordan
Giori: ink delivery system allowing a single plate to
print up to three colors.
Giori Press: sheetfed, multiolor, intaglio rotary presses
used at the BEP to print in three colors.
Giornali Stampe: inscription on newspaper stamps of
Sardinia and Italy, Italian States, 1861.
Giresun: also known as Kerassunde or Kerason, Turkey.
Girl with cap: full face, numerals in lower corners;
imperforate are newspaper stamps of B & H under Austria; perforated issues are regular
postage for B & H in Jugoslavia.
Giro: 1: national banking group operated through post
offices in several European countries. 2: on stamps of Spain; money order, fiscal use.
Girona: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Giro postal: (Sp.) used on fiscal stamps.
Gisela, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam
Navigation Company built around 1870s.
Giumulzina: in province of Thrace in Turkish Empire,
now Greek town of Komotini; 1913: stamps issued by Greece after occupation.
Giurgevo, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam
Navigation Company built around 1860/70s, for lower Danube lines or delta
of the river.
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Gjirokaster: formerly known as Argyrokkastron, Albania.
Glacé: (Fr.) glossy, glazed, enameled (paper).
Glaceton: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Gladstone: form of roulette separation, containing approximately
4 "waves" along the length of the stamp; tested in 1852-54,
devised anonymously, named after Gladstone, then Chancellor of the Exchequer."
Glanzpapier: (Ger.) glossy paper.
Glascow & South Western Railway: Scotland local post.
Glascow, Barrhead & Kilmarnock Railway: Scotland local post.
Glasgow: 1: local for United Kingdom strike post, 1971.
2: Circular delivery Co., local, 1867.
Glasgow City Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glasgow Parks P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glassine: a semi-transparent paper
used to make envelopes for stamp and cover storage, also used for album
Glass, James B.: postmaster, Columbia, S.C., issued
Confederate Postmaster's Provisional.
Glass, R.H.: postmaster, Lynchburg, Va., issued Confederate
Provisional stamp and envelope.
Glatt: (Ger.) smooth, shiny.
Glauchau: German local, 1945.
Glazed gum: result when stamps are stored under too
much heat or pressure, melting the gum into a smooth, shiny condition
that may reduce the value.
Glazed paper: paper that has been given a glossy finish
by glazing with friction of applied heat, instead of by coating.
Glazof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1868-1914.
Glb: (Ger.) abbreviation for yellow (color).
G.L.C. Courier: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
GLD: 1. Guilder, currency of Netherlands. 2. George
L. Dant, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher,
Gleiwitz: Stadtbrief-Beforderung- Flora; German local,
Glen Ellen Star: star cancel on stamps, used at Glen
Allen, Va., 1870-80.
Glen Haven Daily Mail: U.S. local post, Glen Haven.
N. Y., 1854-58.
Glenveagh: Donald Evans issue, Ireland.
Glest bottentryck: (Swed.) thin background.
GLH: George L. Huber, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Glider flight: flight by unpowered aircraft; a glider
Glider mail: mail carried by glider; first carried Aug.
1923 in Rhineland, Germany using overprints on obsolete stamps of the
Glion-Sur-Montreux: Switzerland hotel post, 1897, Hotel
GL. O.A. 7 Fev. 1914: overprint on stamps of Haiti,
General Oreste Zamor, future president, 1914.
Global Priority Mail: an international USPS service
that features a 4-business-day delivery to selected countries in Europe,
the Pacific Rim and Canada.
Globo de correos: (Sp.) balloon mail.
Glossy gum: adhesive with a hard, shiny surface.
Gloucester Emergency: United Kingdom strike local post,
Gloucester Philatelic Society, 1934: triangular label
to promote their local show.
Glow-Bar tagging: vertical bar of tagging on some postal
"GLOWING $5": U. S. $5 Hamilton stamp variation printed
on experimental luminescent paper.
GL O.Z.: Haiti provisional overprint.
Glutinous wash: term used by Roland Hill for the sticky
liquid to be applied to the back of his adhesive postage so that it would
affix to the envelope.
Glyphography: 1842 patented process to produce printing
surfaces in relief or recess.
GM: Gambia; country code as used by the UPU.
GMAI: Greg Manning Auctions, Inc. (USA).
GMF: general mail facility, a USPS mail processing hub.
GN: Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G.N.: (Sp.) Gobierno National, National (Official
Government), perforation on stamps of Venezuela, since 1915.
Gnadeloupe: spelling error of Guadeloupe overprint.
Gnostis: mystical symbols, Donald Evans issue.
G.N.R.: (It.) Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana, (Republican
National Guard), 1943, Dec. 20: overprint on local stamps of North Italy,
printing stopped Dec. 23; authorities ordered more printed in 1944 due
to speculation in original stamps, 1944, Aug. 30: overprints became invalid.
G NSW: perforated initials in stamps of Australia for
the Government of New South Wales.
G.O.: Philippines official overprint.
Goat Island: Irish bogus stamps printed on water soluble
Goat's eye: Brazil general issue of 1850 because they
resemble eyes of a goat.
Gob. Cons(t.): Gobierno Constitucionalista (Sp.) overprint
on stamps of Mexico, Cuanajuanta-Neuva Leon, 1914.
Gobierno: (Sp.) (government), overprint on
stamps of Peru, making them "official" for departmental use.
Gobierno Constitucionalista: overprint, see Aguascalientes.
Gobierno Constitucionalista Aguascalientes: Mexican
overprint on five stamps and one postage due label by revolutionary forces,
Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico: 1: 1914 overprint
on stamps of Mexico, Oaxaca revenue issue. 2: inscription for Mexico,
Sonora revenue issue.
Gobierno Revolucionario: overprint on stamps of Mexico
for Yucatan revenue issues.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godahoppsudden: (Swed.) Cape of Good Hope.
Goddaba: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Goddard, Robert H.: U. S. rocket scientist who pioneered
liquid-filled rocket; launched first international mail flight, carrying
1,072 covers from McAllen, Texas to Reynosa, Mexico where they were stamped
and postmarked, 1926.
Goddess of Liberty: first U.S. postal cards depicted
a bust of the Goddess of Liberty.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godella: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Godfrey & Munros' Express: private parcel firm serviced
New Bedford, Mass., and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
G Official mail: USA United States non-denominated postage
stamp, value 32¢, 1992.
Goffratura: (It.) embossing.
Goffrea: bogus issue, on information available.
Gogo Island: stamp designs from Editions Pen, Swiss
Golaleey: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gold, G: (Ger.) used as overprint or surcharge.
Goldback, A.: see Private die match proprietary
Goldback, A & Co.: see Private die match proprietary
Goldbeater's paper (skin): a thin, fragile transparent "onionskin" security paper, made by rubbing it with resin, used on the 1866 Prussian
parcel stamps; not sold to the public, affixed to heavy packages only.
Gold Coast: west Africa between Dahomey and Ivory Coast;
British colony and protectorate in West Africa; currency: 12 pence =
1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1875-pre: mail handled by Sierra Leone,
1875, July 1: No.1, 1 penny blue, issued stamps, 1880: overprinted post
cards, 1888: overprinted "Gold Coast Colony" registered letters, 1899: Gold
Coast envelope stationery, 1918, June: first War Tax stamp issued, 1923:
first postage due issued, 1957: became independent, 1957, March: renamed
Ghana as independent dominion, issued first stamps, 1960: named republic
within British Commonwealth.
Golden Casket: inscription on Queensland Railways stamps
promoted the "Golden Casket," a state lottery, to frank letters and packages
shipped via the railroad.
Golden Eagle National Park Service: issued stamp-like
labels to be affixed to Golden Eagle passes, 1988.
Gold foil: 1: artificial gold foil bonded to paper.
2: actual gold leaf, or very thin, fine gold bonded to paper.
Goldküste: (Ger.) Gold Coast.
Golfe de Benin: (Fr.) inscription, see Benin.
Golfing Bears: nickname for 1922 issue of Karelia Coat
of Arms stamps depicting a bear holding a long slender weapon in what
appears to be a golfing stance.
Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) Spanish Guinea, 1907-49.
Goliad, Tex. Postage 10: see Confederate Postmasters'
Goma: (Port., Sp.) gum.
Goma Molestarada: (Sp.) disturbed gum.
GOMAP: Good Offices Mission to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Gomma: (It.) gum.
Gomma Disturbita: (It.) original gum on an
unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Gomme: (Fr.) gum, the coating of glue on the
reverse of an unused or mint postage stamp; see never hinged,
lightly hinged, original gum, partial original gum, ungummed, unused
Gonzales, Tex., Colman & Law: see Confederate
Good: a standard of grade.
Goodall proofs: proofs ordered printed by A. G. Goodall,
president of the American Bank Note Co. in 1847 and 1879 of official
and newspaper stamps.
Goodwin & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced
Boston and South Berwick, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Goodyear Cycle: Mar. 24, 1900; Cadet Sgt. Major Goodyear
on the bicycle he used as a messenger during the Mafeking siege Oct.
12, 1899 to May 17, 1900; see Mafeking.
Goodall (London, New York): U.S. private die playing
Goosewell Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gopshe: Donald Evans issue, a friend's dog.
Gordonia: possible Jewish colony labels.
Gordon stamps: commemoratives issued by the Sudan, Jan.
1, 1935, 50th anniversary of death of General Gordon.
Gordon's City Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.
Gorkiy: formerly known as Novgorod, Russia.
Görlitz: 1: Briefbeforderung Courier, German local,
1895-1900. 2: Express-Packet-Verkehr, 1886-1916. 3: German local, 1945.
Gorman, T. & Bro.: see Private die match proprietary
Gorman, Thomas: see Private die match proprietary
Gorno-Badakhshan: Tajikstan, cinderella, 1997.
Gorny Slask: (Pol.) inscription on Upper Silesia
private labels issued by Polish plebiscite official in 1920, some found
used on mail in Poland.
Gorochow: German Hilfpost, Ukraine local, 1944.
Gorodskaya Uprava: (in Cyrillic) St. Petersburg City
Office, fiscal, no postal validity, 1865.
Gösnitz: 1: Dick & Stutz Express-Packet, German local, 1891. 2:
German local courier, 1893.
Gosport Strike Mail: United Kingdom strike local post,
Goteborg: formerly known as Gothenburg, Sweden.
Göteborg: (also Gothenburg) seaport and seat of Göteborg and Bohus province in SW Sweden, at mouth of Göta River on the Kattegat arm of the North Sea ca. 290 miles WSW of Stockholm. First local post (Göteborgs Stadpost) established by Maria Ellen Wilbergin in 1888. Several other local posts operated through the 1920s, to include Göteborg Privata Lokalpost, Göteberg Enskilda Local Post, and Privata Lokalpostem Ferm (q.v. individual Göteborg Local Post entries).
Göteborg - Göteborg Privata Local Post: Local post established by a merchant, R. W. Lindhe, who formed it into a limited compant in 1889. A lithographed triangular 5 øre blue "Lokal / Post / Göteborg" local stamp depicting a heroic figure was issued in 1888, with a similar design 3 øre dark ultramarine being issued 29 December 1889, and a similar design (no value indication) yellow being issued 22 February 1889. The yellow issues were surcharged 1 øre, 2 øre, and 10 øre in violet or blue on 17 February 1889. Remainders were overprinted "Stockholm" for the Stockholms Privata Lokalpost (q.v.).
Göteborg - Göteborg Stadspost Local Post: Local post established by Maria Ellen Willberg, with 1 øre blue, 2 øre green, and 3 øre red "Göteborgs / Stadspost" lithographed local stamps depicting King Gustav II issued on 24 April 1868. The rates were 3 øre for letters, postcards, or wrappers, and 10 øre for packages, but the rates were reduced dut to competition from Göteborgs Privata Lokalpost (q.v.). One type of local cancellation was used, usually in black, and rarely in blue; government post office cancellations are recorded, but are rare. The local post ceased operations on 23 March 1889.
Göteborg - H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern: Local post established by H.G. Hanson, with lithographed 3 öre violet and 5 øre blue "Privata Lokalposten Ferm" (Ferm = Färm = "prompt") issued on 5 March 1926
Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: Local post established by Ivan R. A. Engstrom, with typographed 3 øre red and 5 øre yellow "Ensk. Lokalpost" ("Ensk." = Enskilda ["private"]) local stamps depicting a castle being issued in 1926.
Goteborgs Stadspost: Sweden local post.
Gothenburg: Swedish locals 1: Goteborgs Stadspost, 1888.
2: Goteborgs Privata,1888-90 3: Goteborgs Enskilda, 1926. 4: Privata
Lokalposten Ferm, 1926.
Gothic type: an angular letter type used as old English
Gotour: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gott ex: (Swed.) good example, fine copy.
Gottleuba: German local, post WW II.
Gott's Park School: United Kingdom strike local post,
Gott strafe England-Er strafe es: "God punish England-may
he punish it" inscription on German propaganda labels.
Gouda P.: Gouda Post, pre-adhesive postmark used 1757-93.
G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: see Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post.
Gourde: unit of currency in Haiti.
Gourieh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Gouss: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gouyave manuscript: post office in Granada where the
postmaster wrote "Postage" (unauthorized action) on revenue stamps due
to definitive stamp shortage.
Governatorato del Montenegro: overprint on stamps of
Jugoslavia, Italian Administration, Montenegro, 1941.
Government City Dispatch: 1857, Baltimore, Md.; see Carriers'
Government coil: coil stamps produced by a post service
Government flight: air mail flight on which the pilot
was a federal employee.
Government imitation: official imitations when original
plates were no longer available; such as U.S. reproductions of the 1847
Government imprinted envelope: postal stationery issued
by a government postal administration whereby the postage stamp is printed
directly on the envelope.
Government in exile: officials that are driven in exile
issue postage stamps to show their legitimacy; some stamps have postal
validity, sometimes issued to raise money.
Government issue: stamps issued by an established government
or its agency.
Government of South Russia: General Wrangel, 1918-19
issued surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Government Printing Office: federal agency that has
printed postal cards and aerograms since 1910.
Governo Militare Alleato: (It.) overprint on
stamps of Italy, Allied Military Government, 1943.
Govie's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Govt Parcels: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for
official use, 1883-1902.
Goya: famous nude stamp of Spain, 1930.
GP: Government Printer, South Australia official overprint,
G.P.: Guadeloupe; country code as used by the UPU.
GPCI: Grand Prix Club International.
G.P. de M.: (Sp.) Gobierno Provisional de Mexico (Provisional
Government of Mexico) overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1916-18.
G.P.E.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe,
G.P.M.: overprint on stamps of Mexico, for Oaxaca revenue
GPO: General Post Office.
G.P.O. Authorized Service: United Kingdom strike local
G Postcard Rate: United States non-denominated yellow postage stamp, value 20¢, October 13, 1994.
G.P.P.: General Post Paid, Britain, 1799-1829.
G P S: Germany Philatelic Society.
GPU: see General Postal Union.
GQ: Equatorial Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G. R.: precedes the European postal code on addresses
in Greece, such as GR-1172 Athens.
GR: Greece; country code as used by the UPU.
Gr: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for green overprint
Gr.: Grenze, pre-adhesive postmark.
gr.: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for gray,
Gra: 1. (Ger.) catalogue abbreviation for gray
overprint or surcharge. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey (color).
Gråakt: (Swed.) greyish (color).
Gråakt blå: (Swed.) greyish-blue [dull blue] (color).
Gråakt brun: (Swed.) greyish brown (color).
Gråakt gul: (Swed.) greyish yellow (color).
Gråakt gulbrun: (Swed.) greyish yellow-brown (color).
Gråaktig: (also Grålig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Gråaktig blå: (Nor.) greyish-blue (color).
Gråaktig mørkblå: (Nor.) greyish-dark blue (color).
Gråakt orangebrun: (Swed.) greyish orange-brown (color).
Grabado: (Sp.) see Engraved.
Gråblå: (Dan., Nor.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan.) grey-brown (color).
Gråblå: (Dan.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey-brown (color).
Gradazione de colore: (It.) shade (color).
Grade: an expression that indicates whether a stamp
is perfect or imperfect and the range of imperfections; catalogues usually
address only centering and degree of cancellations on used stamps.
Grado de conservación: (Fr.) grade, condition.
Graduación: (Sp.) grade, condition.
Grækenland: (Dan.) Greece.
Græsgrøn: (Dan.) grass-green (color).
Græsk: (Dan.) Greek (adj.).
Græsk Post I Udlandet: (Dan.) Greek Post
Graffin's Baltimore Despatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1856.
Gråfiolett: (Nor.) grey-violet (color).
Grafting: adding of margins to an imperforate stamp;
paper added to a stamp.
Graf Zeppelins (Zepps): three US stamps picturing the
Zeppelins issued in 1930.
Grågrøn: (Dan., Swed.) grey-green (color).
Grågrønn: (Nor.) grey-green (color).
Graham Land: overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands
for Graham Land, Falkland Islands dependency in the Antarctic, 1944,
Feb. 12-46; now part of British Antarctic Territory.
Graham Memorial City: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Grain direction: direction in which most of the paper
fibers are aligned; paper tears more readily with the grain than against
it; cutting a small rectangle piece from a page and wetting it will cause
the paper to curl in the grain direction.
Grålig: (also Gråaktig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Grålilla: (Dan., Nor.) grey-lilac (color).
Gråoliven: (Dan., Nor.) grey-olive (color).
Grå-olivgrå: (Dan., Nor.) grey - olive-grey (color).
Gramenet del Besos: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Grana: 1: Two Sicilies, Italian States unit of currency,
1861. 2: Granada, pre-adhesive postmark.
Granada: Colombia-Granada, 1861.
Granada: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist
Granadina: Colombia-Granadina, 1859-60.
Granadine Confederation: original name for South American
republic of Colombia, 1859-60: 'Confed. Granadina" was on first issues, 1861: renamed
United States of New Granada, 1862: renamed United States of Colombia.
Gran Bretagna: (It.) Great Britain.
Gran Bretaña: (Sp.) Great Britain.
Grand Comoro: Comoro islands, off Madagascar; currency:
100 centimes = 1 franc 1897: No.1, 1 centime lilac/blue, stamps of French
colonial period inscribed "Grand Comoro," 1850: stamps of Comoro Archipelago;
see Comoro Islands. 1912: first issue surcharged with new denomination,
also used in Madagascar, 1914: stamps of Madagascar used. 1923: became
part of the Republic of Comoros, 1950: stamps of Comoro Islands issued,
now Republic of Comoros.
Grand Consommation: (Fr.) newsprint stock paper
used to print stamps, 1917-20, called "papier de Grande Consommation"
or paper of extraordinary emergency; printing plates were marked "GC".
during World War I
Grande Bretagne: (Fr.) Great Britain.
Grande margenes: (Sp.) wide margins.
Grand Fenwick, Duchy of: advertising fantasies produced
for the movie, "The Mouse That Roared."
Grand format: (Fr.) large size.
Grand Liban: overprint/inscription used on stamps of
France for Syria and Lebanon.
Granite paper: paper containing tiny, visible colored
fibers to deter forgery.
Granö Ångslups Aktiebolag: (Fin.) steamship
line serving Granö islands, Finland local, 1895.
Grant's Post Office: United Kingdom strike local post,
Gråoliven: (Dan.) grey-olive (color).
Graphite-lined: contains printed lines of graphite which
acts as an electrical conductor to signal scanning equipment.
Gråpurpur: (Dan., Swed.) grey-purple (color).
Gråskifer: (Dan.) grey-slate (color).
Gråskiffer: (Swed.) grey-slate (color).
Gräsgrön: (Swed.) grass-green (color).
Gråsort: (Dan.) grey-black (color).
Gråsvart: (Nor., Swed.) grey-black (color).
G Rate Make-up: United States non-denominated postage
stamp, value 3¢, 1992.
Gratis: free label used in Jan. 1871, provided by Switzerland
for correspondence by French prisoners of war..
Gratis Frimärke: (Nor.) free stamp.
Gratuit: (Fr.) free.
Grau: (Ger.) gray.
Gråultramarin: (Dan., Swed.) grey-blue (color).
Gravé: (Fr.) engraved.
Graver: a tool with a sharp hardened point used by an
engraver to cut lines into a steel block.
Gravering: (Nor.) engraving.
Graves & Co., Express: private mail firm serviced
Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine; used a label, 1857.
Gravesend Postal Strike: United Kingdom strike local
Graviert: (Ger.) engraved.
Gråviolet: (Dan.) grey-violet (color).
Gråviolett: (Swed.) grey-violet (color).
Grav.na: pre-adhesive postmark form Gravedona, Lombardy,
Gravor: (Rom.) engraver.
Gravørdybtryk: (Dan.) seeTryk - Gravørdyk.
Gravura: (Rom.) engraving.
Gravure: multicolor printing process with the design
below the surface; formerly called photogravure.
Gravure en creux: (Fr.) intaglio.
Gravure sur acier: (Fr.) steel engraving.
Gravyrtryck: (Swed.) recess printing.
Gray & Co. "Express": private mail firm
serviced Boston, Mass. area; used a label, 1848.
Graz: formerly known as Gratz, Austria.
Great Americans: US series of stamps, formerly know
as the Distinguished Americans; began in 1980, ended in 1999.
Great Barrier Island: located north-east of Auckland,
NewZealand; 1898-99, 1948: known for the New Zealand Pigeongram Service/Agency;
Great Bitter Lake Association (GBLA): stamps issued
by ships trapped in Suez Canal after the seven days war, June 1967.
Great Britain: northwest of Europe, includes England,
Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Scotland, Wales; official
name of postal administration: Royal Mail currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling,
20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound 1652: Council of State decreed
that letters from members of Parliament and some public officials be
carried free; led to British postal reform, 1840, May 6: No.1, 1 penny
black, world's first stamp issued, never printed the name of the country
on its stamps, used head of its sovereign, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU,
includes Overseas Territories Anguilla, Ascension, Bermuda, British Indian
Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands,
Gibraltor, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson Ducie and Oeno (Islands),
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Tristan da Cunha, Turks and
Caicos Islands, 1882: first official stamp, overprinted "I.R. Official" (Inland
Revenue) issued, 1914: first postage due stamp issued, 1918, Dec. 1: British
forces enter Germany, 1940-45: Channel Islands issued their own stamps
during German occupation, 1958: regional stamps issued for Scotland, Wales,
Northern Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man, 1975: first semipostal
issued. Great Britain: see Akassa, Army Official, Bahrain.
E.A.F.: East Africa Forces; overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Italian
Great Britain; Offices in Africa: Tripolitania, Cyrenaica,
Eritrea, Dodecanese and Somalia; 1942: overprinted "M.E.F."
(Middle East Forces), 1943, June: for use in Somalia, stamps of Great
Britain overprinted "E.A.F.", 1948, June: for use in Eritrea,
stamps of Great Britain overprinted "B.M.A.", 1948, July 1:
for use in Tripolitania, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "B.M.A.
Great Britain; Offices in China: stamps of Hong Kong
overprinted "China," 1917. Great Britain; Offices in Morocco: 1898: stamps
of Gibraltar overprinted "Morocco Agencies," 1928: stamps of
Great Britain overprinted "Tangier," Great Britain; Offices
in Turkish Empire: 1885, April 1: surcharges on stamps of Great Britain.
Great Britain Regional Issues: see Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales,
Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey. Great Britain Telegraph Stamps: first
recorded example, 1851; a 1-shilling inscription on the message form,
issued in Great Britain by the Electric Telegraph Co.; private telegraph
firms were absorbed into the British Post Office in 1869-69, first issue
of Post office telegraph stamps was in 1876.
Great Britain; Offices in Turkish Empire: 1832: first
office only handled diplomatic and military mail, 1857: office opened
to the public, 1885, April 1: surcharges on stamps of Great Britain to
prevent currency speculation, 1905: British stamps overprinted “Levant” to prevent resale in Great Britain.
Great Britain Regional Issues: see Northern
Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey.
Great Britain Telegraph Stamps: first recorded example,
1851; a 1-shilling inscription on the message form, issued in Great Britain
by the Electric Telegraph Co.; private telegraph firms were absorbed
into the British Post Office in 1869-69, first issue of Post office telegraph
stamps was in 1876.
Great Central & Midland Joint Committee: British
Great Central Railway Company: British local post.
Great Comoro: see Comoro Islands.
Great Eastern Railway: British newspaper local post.
Great Island: Donald Evans definitive issue of 1940.
Great Mail Route: eastern mail (1852) from New Orleans
via water to Mobile, then by river, stage and rail to Charleston, then
by sea to Wilmington, and finally by rail to Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia
and New York.
Great Northern Express Company: parcel firm operated
on the Great Northern , ailway lines stations; used labels, year unknown.
Great North of Scotland Railway: Scotland local post.
Great Northern & Great Central Railway Company: British
Great Northern Railway: British local post.
Great Northern Railway: Ireland local post.
Great Post Route: In 1836, from Portland, Maine to New
Great Salt Lake Trail: from Omaha to Salt Lake via the
Platte River via Echo Canyon.
Great Southern & Western Railway: British local
Great Western & Great Central Joint Committee: British
Great Western Railway: British local post.
Grec: (Rom) Greek (adj.).
Grèce: (Fr.) Greece.
Grecia: (It., Sp.) Greece.
Greece: independent nation located in southeast Europe;
currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma, 100 cents = 1 Euro (2002) 1861, Oct.
1: No.1, 1 lepta chocolate, first stamps issued, printed in Paris, classic
Hermes heads, used dot design as cancel, 1875: first postage due issued,
1875, July 1; joined the UPU, 1889: variation in original design issued,
printed in Athens, 1896: first Olympic Games commemorative issue, 1912:
stamps of Greece overprinted for use in parts of Turkey occupied by Greeece
(New Greece); overprint reads "Greek Administration," 1913, July
1: stamps of Bulgaria overprinted in Greek for occupied areas 1917: Venizelist
Provisional Government, 1923: King abdicated, revolutionary Administration, 1924,
April 16: became republic, 1926, Oct. 20: first air mail issued, 1935:
monarchy restored. 1940, Dec. 10: overprinted stamps issued for occupation
of southern Albania, 1944, Nov. 11: Greek stamps with new currency issued,
1944: first semipostal issued, 1973, June: second republic formed; see A
M, Aegean Islands, Astypalaia, Calchi, Carchi, Calimno, Calino, Chios,
Icaria, Mytilene, Samos.
Greek Occupation of Aegean Islands: 1912-13: stamps
of Greece overprinted for use in occupation of Chios, Icaria (Nicaria),
Lemnos, Mytilene (Lesbos) and Samos,
Greek Occupation of Albania: North Epirus; 1940: overprinted
stamps for postage due, air mail issued.
Greek Occupation of Cavalla: 1913: stamps of Bulgaria
Greek Occupation of Dedeagatch (Alexandroupolis): 1913:
stamps of Bulgaria overprinted.
Greek Occupation of Dodecanese Islands: 1947: overprint
on stamps of Greece.
Greek Occupation of Epirus (Albania): 1912-13: provisional
government established, 1914: occupied by Greece, occupation issue, 1940-41:
overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greek Occupation of North Epirus (Albania): 1940-41:
overprint on stamps of Greece
Greek Occupation of Thrace: 1920: stamps of Greece overprinted,
in Greek, Administration Western Thrace.
Greek Occupation of Turkey: Balkan Wars, 1912-13; 1912: "Greek
Administration" overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greek offices in Turkey: 1834-81: Greece operated a
number of post offices in Ottoman Empire, 1861,Oct. 13-April 25, 1881:
used stamps of Greece, stamps used in both areas are known only by their
cancellations (Toypkia) in brackets.
Greek Use in Dodecanese Islands: 1947: additional overprint
on stamps of Greece.
Greeley Bros. Co.: package and baggage firm serviced
the Cleveland, Ohio, area; used a label and a stamp; year unknown.
Greenbacks: U.S. paper money.
Green, G.G.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Green goods: postal scam, see Official Notice.
Greenhood & Newbauer's Express: private mail delivery
firm serviced Weaverville and Shasta, Calif., used a label; year unknown.
Green label: white oblong label printed in green use
as identification on mail from Great Britain to Malta for service personnel
during 1941-42 siege.
Greenland: Danish territory in the North Atlantic Ocean,
world's largest island, official name of postal administration: Greenland
Postal Service currency: 100 ore = 1 Danish krone 1875, July 1: joined
the UPU, included with Denmark, 1905: parcel post issues of the Royal
Greenland Trading Company were first stamps, 1935: Thule, a colony in
north-west Greenland, issued its own stamps, 1938, Dec. 1: No.1, 1 ore
olive/black, first government issued stamps, previously all letters from
Greenland were carried free; WW II: U.S. protectorate when Denmark was under German
occupation; 1945: issued overprint "Danmark Befriet 5 Maj 1945" for liberation
of Denmark from German occupation, 1953, June 9: Greenland is considered
as part of Danish kingdom, but issues its own stamps, 1958: inland letters
were free up to this date, 1958, May 22: first semipostal issued, 1963:
became part of the Kingdom of Denmark, 1979, May 1: achieved home rule.
Greenland: Royal Greenland Trading Company; local 1905-38.
Greenleaf & Co.: see Private die match proprietary
Green Mountain Principality: overprints on bogus State
of Oman stamps.
Greenock Delivery: United Kingdom Strike local post,
Green paper air mail stamps: regular stamps dipped into
a chemical producing green-toned paper, 16-cent Air Mail Special Delivery
Green Post Express: United Kingdom Strike local post,
Greensboro, Ala. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate
Greensboro, N.C. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters'
Greenslade's Delivery Co.: parcel firm serviced Los
Angeles, Calif. area; used stamps, 1885-95.
Greenville: city in Liberia, registration inscription,
Greenville, Ala. Paid Five, Paid Ten: see Confederate
Postmasters' Provisionals. Greenville C. (Court) H. (House), S. C. Paid
5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Greenwich-London Strike: United Kingdom Strike local
Greenwood Depot, Va. Paid: see Confederate
Gregori: Louis Gregori painted Return of Columbus and
Reception at Court, adopted for Ten cents Columbian stamp.
Gregory's California Express: pioneer express company
handling mail to and from California.
Greifenstein, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube
Steam Navigation Company built around 1890s, for upper Danube lines.
Greig' City Despatch: New York City post started by
Alex H. Greig and Henry L. Winsor, Feb. 15, 1842; used first adhesive
stamp 3¢ black
Greiz: German locals 1: Express-Packet-Verkehrn Oskar
Hopf; 1889-1904. 2: Courier, 1893.
Grekenland: (Nor.) Greece
Grekisk: (Nor., Swed.) Greek
Grekisk Post på Udlandsk: (Nor.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Grekisk Post på Utländsk: (Swed.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Grekland: (Swed.) Greece
Grenada: British colony, island in the Caribbean; currency:
12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1949) 1858-60: British stamps
used with 'A 15' cancel, 1861: No. 1, 1 penny green, first issue appeared,
Chalon portrait design, 1892: first postage due issued, 1916: first War
Tax stamp issued, 1967: associated statehood with Great Britain, 1972,
Feb. 3: first air mail issued, 1974, Feb. 7: own stamps used, independence
state overprint, 1978, Jan. 30: joined the UPU, 1981, Nov. 30: first
Grenada: Roosevelt's Head & Disneyville inscription; unissued Great
Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Grenada Carriacou & Petit Martinque: changed name from
Grenada Grenadines: islands to the north of Grenada,
islands of Carriacou and Ronde; 1973 - pre: used stamps of Grenada, 1973,
Dec. 23: No.1, 25 cents multicolor, first own stamp (Grenadines overprint),
1982, June: first official stamps issued, 1986, Dec.1: first semipostal
issued, see Grenada Carriacou & Petit Martinque.
Grenada Red Cross Society: inscription on label or sealing
stamp authorized for use as a 1/2d stamp on one day only, Sept. 18, 1914.
Grenadines of St. Vincent: see Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines.
Grenade: (Fr.) Grenada.
Grenat: (Fr.) claret (color).
Greseala: (Rom.) error.
Gressgrønn: (Nor.) grass-green (color).
Grève: (Fr.) strike.
Gr., Gronland: Greenland.
G.R.I.: Georgius Rex Imperator (George, King & Emperor)
1: New Britain overprint on stamps of German New Guinea, Marshall Islands,
1914. 2: overprint on stamps of German Samoa, for Samoa under Britain,
Gri: (Rom.) grey (color).
Gri-albastrui: (Rom.) bluish-grey (color).
Griazovets: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1878-1918.
Gridiron cancellation: a early U.S. cancel consisting
of circles enclosing parallel lines; also known as grid markings.
Griechenland: (Ger.) Greece.
Griffin, Ga. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters'
Griggs & Goodwill: see Private die match proprietary
Griggs & Scott: see Private die match proprietary
Grigio: (It.) gray.
Grill: an impression or embossing made on a stamp in
order to break the paper fibers so that the ink from the cancel will
soak into the stamp paper and make washing for reuse impossible.
Grilled gum: indentations in the adhesive caused by
passing the gummed paper through a roller with a pattern to counteract
Grilled Nationals: refers to the U.S. National Bank
Note grilled issue of 1870-71.
Grill in relief: light engraving applied in dry relief
on some U.S. and Peru stamps in order to prevent fading.
Grill Z: see Z Grill.
GRI Long Island: inscribed local issue for island of
Long Island, Gulf of Smyrna.
Grimma: German courier local, 1893.
Grimstad: Norwegian seaport on the Skagerrak (also Skagerak) arm of the E central North Sea in Aust-Agder county ca. 140 miles SSW of Oslo. Local post established by N. Herlofson, with a set-of-5 "Grimstad Bypost" local stamps depicting a 3-masted ship being issued 15 January 1887. The stamps are cancelled with a single-ring "Grimstad-Bypost" circular datestamp having an 8-pointed star at the bottom, and the date and time in four lines at the center. The local post closed later in the year 1887.
Grimstad Bypost: Norway local post, 1887.
Gri-olv:: (Rom.) olive-grey (color).
GRI Postage: inscribed local issue for island of Long
Island, Gulf of Smyrna.
Gripper cracks: formed over slots cut in the edges of
the plates curved to fit rotary press cylinders; associated with introduction
of the rotary press printer.
Griqualand West: district of Cape Province, South Africa;
currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1871: annexed to Great Britain, used
stamps of Cape of Good Hope, 1873: made a Crown Colony, 1874: No. 1,
1 penny blue, manuscript surcharge, 1877, March: overprinted 'G' on stamps
of Cape of Good Hope, 1880: Cape stamps with "G"overprint withdrawn and reissued to post offices in Cape Colony; Griqualand West annexed to the Cape Colony.
Gris: (Sp.) gray.
Gri-verzui: (Rom.) greenish-grey (color).
G.R. Mafia, G.R. Post Mafia: British occupation Mafia
Island; off German East Africa.
Grn: (Ger.) grün, catalogue abbreviation for green.
GRN: international postal code for Greenland.
Grodno District: overprint on stamps of Russia, Lithuania,
Grodzisk: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local
post overprint, 1918-20.
Groenekrus: (Green Cross) inscription on semi-postals,
Groenlandia: (It.) Greenland.
Groß: (Ger.) large, big.
Großbritannien: (Ger.) Great Britain.
Grobe-Altdeutschland-Katalog: (Ger.) Grobe
Old Germany Catalogue.
Grodno, District of: town and district in Russia, then
became part of Poland; 1916-17: German occupation stamps issued, 1919:
stamps of Russia with overprint "Lietuva," 1940: overprint "LTSR" on stamps of Russia,
now part of Russia.
Groenekruis: Green Cross semi-postal of Surinam.
Groenland: (Fr.) Greenland.
Groenlandia: (Sp.) Greenland.
Grön: (Swed.) green (color).
Grøn: (Dan.) green (color).
Grönakt blå: (Swed.) greenish-blue (color).
Grönakt brun: (Swed.) greenish-brown (color).
Grönakt grå: (Swed.) greenish-grey (color).
Grönakt gul: (Swed.) greenish-yellow (color).
Grönakt ljust gråblå (turkos): (Swed.) greenish - light grey- blue [turquoise] (color).
Grönakt ljust mattblå: (Swed.) greenish - light dull blue (color).
Grönakt mörkblå: (Swed.) greenish-dark blue (color).
Grönaktig: (Swed.) greenish (color).
Grönaktig blå: (Swed.) greenish-blue (color).
Grönblå: (Swed.) green-blue (color).
Grønblå: (Dan.) green-blue (color).
Gröngrå: (Swed.) green-grey (color).
Grøngrå: (Dan.) green-grey (color).
Gröngul: (Swed.) green-yellow (color).
Grøngul: (Dan.) green-yellow (color).
Grønland: (Dan., Ger., Nor.) Greenland.
Grönland: (Swed.) Greenland.
Grønligblå: (Dan.) greenish-blue (color).
Grønligbrun: (Dan.) greenish-brown (color).
Grønliggrå: (Dan.) greenish-grey (color).
Grønliggul: (Dan.) greenish-yellow (color).
Grønn: (Nor.) green (color).
Grønnaktig: (also Grønnlig) (Nor.) greenish (color).
Grønnaktig blå : (Nor.) greenish-blue, seeGrønnligblå (color).
Grønnblå: (Nor.) green-blue (color).
Grønngrå: (Nor.) green-grey (color).
Grønngul: (Nor.) green-yellow (color).
Grønnligblå: (Nor.) greenish-blue, seeGrønnaktig blå (color).
Grønnligoliven: (Nor.) greenish-olive (color).
Grønnoliven: (Nor.) green-olive (color).
Grönolive: (Swed.) green-olive (color).
Grønoliven: (Dan.) green-olive (color).
Grønoskifer: (Dan.) green-slate (color).
Grönskiffer: (Swed.) green-slate (color).
Grønsort: (Dan.) green-black (color).
Grönsvart: (Swed.) green-black (color).
Gros: (Fr.) big, large.
Groschen: unit of currency used in the North German
Grosion: Crete money unit.
Grossbritannien: (Ger.) Great Britain.
Grossdeutsches Reich: 1: semi-postals of Germany, 1943-45.
2: inscription on some issues of Germany and German-occupied Bohemia
and Poland, 1943-45; see Bohemia and Moravia.
Grossdeutsches Reich Bohmen and Mahren: Czechoslovakia,
Bohemia and Moravia.
Grossdeutsches Reich General Gouvernment: semi-postals
of Poland, German occupation, 1943-44.
Grossecomoro: (Ger.) Grand Comoro.
Grossformat: (Ger.) very large size.
Grossion: currency unit in Albania.
Grossräschen: German Democratic Republic local, 1945-46.
Groszy: surcharge on stamps of Poland, revalidation
after currency reform, 1950.
Grote: currency unit in Bremen
Grouch: (Ghurush) currency unit in Turkey.
Ground perforation: perforations are created by grinding
up those areas of the paper that are pressed upward by passing the paper
against a "pin tool."
Groundwood: paper pulp produced by mechanically grinding
wood logs making a weak, acidic paper that discolors upon exposure to
Groundwork: background of a stamp design with the primary
stamp subject shown.
Groupage: bulking or combining of cargo loads; French
Colony revenue inscription.
Grove Hill, Ala. Paid 5 cents: see Confederate
Grove Postal Service: United Kingdom Strike local post,
Grupe: (Ger.) pane.
Grupo: (Sp.) pane of stamps.
Gruppo: (It.) pane.
Grün: (Ger.) green.
Grunay Island: Scotland local post in Skeoris, Shetland
Grüne Karte: (Ger.) United Nations green card.
Grünlich: (Ger.) greenish, when used in combination
with other colors.
G.R.V., Geo. V., G.V.: King George Fifth.
G.R.VI., Geo. VI., G.VI.: King George Sixth.
GS: 1: Ganzsache: (Ger.) postal stationery,
entire. 2: South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands; country code as
used by the UPU. 3. Gabriel Swart, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate
G.S.: Government Storekeeper, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Gscheidle stamp: (Ger.) the 1980 German 60
pfennig+30 semi-postal Olympic Flag semi-postal that was printed, but
not issued during boycott of the Moscow Olympics, 1980.
GSM: Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Great Britain.
GSW: Gibbons Stamp Weekly, Great Britain.
GT: Guatemala; country code as used by the UPU.
GT: Goolwa Tramway, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
GT. Pre: Gouvernement Provisiore (Provisional
Government) overprint on provisional stamps of Haiti, 1902.
GTT: George T. Tyser, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
GU: USPS abbreviation for Guam.
Guadalajara: No.1, 1/2 real black white, overprint used
on lengthy series of provisional stamps of Mexico for this district, 1867.
Guadeloupe: French islands in the West Indies; currency:
100 centimes =1 franc 1851: used stamps of France, 1859: used French
Colonies general issues, 1876, Nov. 20: locally printed postage dues,
1884: No.1, 20 centimes brown, first regular issue with overprint "G.P.E." on French
Colonial stamps, 1889: Guadeloupe overprint on stamps of French Colonies,
1892: issued own stamps, 1915: first semipostal issued, 1940-44: used
Free French stamps during war years, 1945: first air mail issued, 1946:
became an overseas Department of France, 1947, Jan.1: became part of French
Republic, used stamps of France.
Guadur: dependency of Muscat; 1868: used stamps of India,
1947: used stamps of Pakistan, 1958, Sept. 8: sold to Pakistan.
Guam: south portion of the Ladrine group in the Pacific
Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar used stamps of Spanish Philippines,
postmarked "Marianas," 1898, June 20: ceded to the US by Spain, after Spanish-American War, considered a territory of the U.S., 1899, July 7: No.1, 1 cent deep
green, first stamps were overprint "Guam" on US stamps, 1901:
U.S. Post Office Department ran postal affairs with U.S. stamps used,
1930: local post to carry mail between small towns, see Guam
Guard Mail, 1941-44: occupied by Japan, 1950: administered by US Department
Guam Guard Mail: overprint on stamps of Philippines
for local post of the army, 1930, April 8-April 8, 1931: local post;
private local post exists with same name.
Guanacaste: province in northwest Costa Rica; 1885,
Aug: overprint "Guanacaste" on stamps of Costa Rica, sold at a discount. 1889: used stamps
of Costa Rica.
Guarani: Paraguay unit of currency.
Guarantee mark: marking applied to stamps by the issuing
agency indicting that the stamp is genuine and valid for postal use.
Guardamar del Segura: local post, Spanish Civil War,
Guaro: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Guardia Nazionale Repubblica: see G. N. R.
Guatemala: see Aereo Exterior.
Guatemala: Central American Republic; currency: 100
centavos = 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centavos de quetzal = 1 quetzal (1927)
1847, March: full independence declared, 1867: bogus stamp produced by
S. Allan Taylor, 1871, March 1: No.1, 1 centavo ocher, first stamps,
quetzal bird featured on many stamps, 1881, Aug. 1: joined the UPU, 1902,
Dec. 18: first official issued, 1929, May 20: first air mail, surcharged,
issued, 1937, Mar. 15: first semipostal, 1971: issued a stamp with map
showing Belize within its borders.
Guatemala C.A.: Centro America (Central America)
Guayana: North-East district of Venezuela; 1903, March:
typeset provisionals by revolutionaries issued during Civil War.
Guayas: province of Ecuador; 1899-1901: script overprint
on stamps of Ecuador as control.
Gubulawayo Bechuanaland: cancel on stamps of British
Bechuanaland used from British South Africa, 1888-92.
Guerche: Ethiopia, Nejd, Saudi Arabia unit of currency.
Guerga: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Guernavaca: handstamp for Cuernavaca.
Guernsey: islands in the English Channel, northwest
of France; official name of postal administration: Guernsey Post, Ltd.
currency: 100 pence = 1 pound sterling 1925: post office opened on Sark,
used British stamps, 1940, June 30: invaded by Germany, issued local
Postage" during occupation, 1940, Dec.-Feb. 22, 1941: officially
permitted bisected British stamps during stamp shortage, 1945, May 10:
islands liberated, local issues valid for one year, 1948: pair of stamps
for Channel islands and GB, commemorating third anniversary of liberation
from Germany, 1958: GB regional series issued for Guernsey, 1964, Oct.1:
No.1, 1 penny rose-red, 1969: first postage due issued.
Guernsey-Alderney: Commodore Shipping Co., local, 1962-68.
Guernsey-Bailiwick: includes islands of Alderney, Guernsey,
Herm, Jethou, Lithou and Sark.
Guernsey-Sark: island in English Channel, local 1962?-1971.
Guerra Civil Espanola: (Sp.) Spanish civil
Guerre: (Fr.) war.
Guerrilla stamps: stamps issued by guerrilla forces
such as those printed in 1895 when the underground fighters of Taiwan
issued stamps for their Black Flag Republic to fight Japanese occupying
Gugh Island: Great Britain local carriage label, 1972.
Guiana, British: see British Guiana.
Guiana, Dutch: see Surinam.
Guiana, French: see French Guiana.
Guichet d'Affranchissement Postal Automatique: (Fr.) automatic
postage stamp window, used for vending machines.
Guide dots: dots placed on stamp plates to help in the
alignment of rows of stamps.
Guide line: horizontal or vertical colored lines between
the stamps used as a guide for operators of perforating machines or to
indicate the point of separation of the sheet into panes; also known
as guide mark.
Guide line pair: attached pair of coil stamps with printed
Guide plate: an adjustable ruler used in the perforating
process to make certain that the perforations were in the gutters.
Guilder: unit of currency in the Netherlands and associated
Guilford Gravure Inc.: private printer of postage stamps,
started in 1970.
Guilloche: (Fr.) delicate engraving formed
by an engraved interlacing network.
Guillochis: (Fr.) selvedge.
Guillotine perforation: single-line perforation made
by a machine resembling a guillotine.
Guinea: country located on coast of West Africa on the
Atlantic Ocean; official name of postal administration: Office de la
currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 caury = 1 syli (1973), 100 centimes
= 1 franc (1986) 1880: was under French protection known as Rivieres du
Sud, 1890: became colony named French Guinea, 1892: first stamps on French
colonial issues inscribed "Guinee Francaise," 1944: became part
of the French African Union, 1958, Oct. 2: Republique de Guinee established
from French Guinea, 1959, July 13: first stamps overprinted "Republique
de Guinee," air mail, postage due issued, 1959, May 6: joined the
UPU, 1960: first semipostal issued; see Spanish Guinea.
Guinea-Bissau: republic of Guinea - Bissau - former
Portuiguese Guinea, west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centavos = 1
escudo, 100 centimes = 1 peso 1881: first stamps were Portuguese colonial
of Cape Verde overprinted "Guine," followed by "Guine Portugueza" and "Guine." 1974, May 30: joined the UPU, 1974, Sept. 10: gained independence from
Portugal, first stamps issued, 1976, Oct. 4: first air mail stamp issued.
Guinea Contial Espanola, Guinea Espanola: inscription
on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1902-09.
Guinea Continental: overprint on stamps of Elobey, Annobon
and Corsico for Spanish Guinea, 1906.
Guinea Correos: fake overprint on stamps of Spanish
Guinea Ecuatorial: inscription used on stamps of Equatorial
Guinea, 1968 to date; see Equatorial Guinea.
Guinea Espanola: inscription used on stamps of Spanish
Guinea, 1902, 1949-59.
Guinea, New: see New Guinea.
Guinea, Portuguese: 1862-71: French Colonies General
issues as Assinie, 1892, Nov.: stamps first issued, 1904: stamps inscribed "Afrique
Occidentale Francaise, Cote D'Ivoire, 1906: first postage due stamp issued,
1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1931: "Cote d' Ivoire" overprint, 1940: first air mail stamp issued, 1945-59: stamps of French
West Africa used, 1958, Dec. 4: an autonomous republic, 1959, March 26:
proclamation of independence, 1959, Oct. 1: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire,
inscription used, 1961, May 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Jan. 1: first official
Guinea, Republic of: see French Guinea.
Guinea, Territorios Espanoles del Golfo: inscription
used on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1902-29.
Guinee: see French Guinea, 1906-42.
Guinée Équatoriale: (Fr.) Equatorial
Guinée Francais: (Fr.) see French
Guinee, Republique de: see Guinea, 1959.
Guine Portueza: overprint on stamps of Cape Verde, Portuguese
Guiné Portuguesa: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese
Guine Portuguese: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese
Guine, Portugues(z)a: overprint on stamps of Cape Verde.
Guipuzcoa: Spanish Basque province; 1937: issued Carlist
stamps during Spanish Civil War.
Guiza: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Gul: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) yellow (color).
Gulakt: (Swed.) yellowish (color).
Gulakt brun: (Swed.) yellowish-brown (color).
Gulakt grön: (Swed.) yellowish-green (color).
Gulakt ljusbrun: (Swed.) yellowish-light brown (color).
Gulaktig: (Nor.) yellowish (color).
Gulakt orangebrun: (Swed.) yellowish orange-brown (color).
Gulakt orange: (Swed.) yellowish-orange (color).
Gulbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) yellow-brown (color).
Guld: (Swed.) gold (metallic color).
Gulden: currency unit in Netherlands and Dutch colonial area.
Guldfarve: (Dan.) gold (metallic color), see Gylden.
Guldgul: (Swed.) golden yellow.
Guldkusten: (Swed.) the Gold Coast
Guldkysten: (Dan., Nor.) the Gold Coast.
Gulf of Kotor: part of Dalmatian coast; 1943: occupied
by Germany after Italy surrendered, 1944, Feb. 10: first stamps issued,
1945: part of Yugoslavia.
Gulgrön: (Swed.) yellow-green (color).
Gulgrøn: (Dan.) yellow-green (color).
Gulgrønn: (Nor.) yellow-green (color).
Gull: (Nor.) gold (metallic color).
Gullig: (Dan., Nor.) yellowish (color).
Gulligbrun: (Dan.) yellowish-brown (color).
Gulligrød: (Dan., Nor.) yellowish-red (color).
Gulliggrøn: (Dan.) yellowish-green (color).
Gulligorange: (Dan.) yellowish-orange (color).
Gulligrød: (Dan.) yellowish-red (color).
Gulockra: (Swed.) yellow-ochre (color).
Gulokker: (Dan.) yellow-ochre (color).
Gulolive: (Swed.) yellow-olive (color).
Guloliven: (Dan.) yellow-olive (color).
Gulorange: (Dan., Swed.) yellow-orange (color).
Guloransje: (Nor.) yellow-orange (color).
Gulröd: (Swed.) yellow-red (color).
Gulrød: (Dan.) yellow-red (color).
Gultig: (Ger.) valid.
Gultig 9. Armee: overprint on stamps of Germany, German
Occupation of Romania, 1918.
Gum: the coating of an adhesive substance on the reverse
of an unused or mint postage stamp; see never hinged, lightly
hinged, original gum, partial original gum, ungummed, unused gum.
Guma: (Pol.) gum.
Gumaca, State of: bogus Philippine Island issue.
Gum bend: The gum has caused the paper to bend or crease.
Gum blister: happens when adhesive is dried by too much
heat leaving patches of ungummed paper.
Gum breaker: colorless impressions across the backs
of some stamps made during manufacture to prevent curling.
Gum crease: crack in the gum usually due to age and
Gum damage: could be creasing, cracking, staining or
Gum device: an imitation watermark on the gummed side
of stamps; such as the wavy lines in the gum of German stamps of 1921.
Gum flaw: variety caused by paper covered unintentionally
with gum and prohibits the printing ink to reach the surfaces of the paper.
Gummering: (Swed.) gum.
Gummi: (Dan., Ger., Nor.) gum.
Gummierung: (Ger.) gumming.
Gummifejl: (Dan.) gum disturbance.
Gum Ridges: vertical ridges of gum on the rotary sheet
stamps, intended to make the stamps adhere better.
Gums: obtained from plants, animals, trees and shrubs,
can also be synthesized chemically by altering starches found in rice,
wheat, potatoes and cassava (tapioca), or synthesized in the laboratory
using basic chemical building blocks; see Arabic gum, British
gum, Chemical gum, Dextrine gum, Self adhesive gum, Water soluble gums.
Gum shine: term used by collectors to differentiate
three categories, the degree of reflectivity of light on the gum; dull
gum, low gloss gum and shiny gum.
Gum skip: area of a stamp where no gum has been applied;
usually happens on selvedges.
Gum Soak: Stamp with stains from the gum getting damp and staining the stamp by soaking into the paper; most often seen on perf. tips. It also usually decreases the value of the stamp as being damaged.
Gum stain: a discoloring of the gum usually caused by
tropical humidity, salt air, etc.
Gunns Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label, 1864.
G US: Postage United States non-denominated postage
stamp, value 32¢, 1991.
Gut: (Ger.) good.
Gutegroschen: currency unit in Brunswick, Hanover.
Gutigua: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and
Gutter: the blank space between the panes of a sheet
of stamps; gutters can be found on many of the "Farley's Follies" stamp issue of
Gutter ornaments: ornamentation in the colors of the
stamps, printed in the pane gutters to use unprinted official paper.
Gutter pair: two stamps with the selvage or gutter remaining
between the pair.
Gutter snipe: miscut of the pane leaving the entire
gutter and occasionally a portion of the adjoining stamp.
Guyana: former crown colony of British Guiana, northeast
coast of South America; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1831:named British
Guiana, 1856: issued famous 1-cent magenta, 1941: first official stamp,
1966, May 26: No.1, 2 cents dark green, became independent as Guyana,
1967: first postage due issued, 1967, March 22: joined the UPU, 1969:
remainders of stamps sold as canceled-to-order, 1970, Feb. 23: Republic
of Guyana formed, 1981, Nov. 14: first air mail stamps issued,
Guyana: overprint on stamps of British Guiana, Guyana, 1966-68.
Guyane: (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of
French Guiana, 1892-1904.
Guyane Anglaise: (Fr.) British Guiana.
Guyane Francais(e): (Fr.) inscription used
on stamps of French Colonies, French Guiana, 1912-47.
Guy. Franc.: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French
Colonies, French Guiana, 1886-92.
Guyland, Republic of: Artistamp.
Guy's City Despatch: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1879.
GW: Gus. Willie, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate
G.W.: Guinea-Bissau; country code as used by the UPU.
G.W:.overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope for Griqualand
Gwalior: India Convention State; central province; 1885:
No.1, 1/2 anna green, stamps of India with "Gwalior" overprint valid
throughout Indian Empire, 1895: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr.1:
Republic of India stamps used, 1950, Dec. 31: convention states stamps
no longer valid, 1951, Jan. 1: overprint on stamps of British India for
use to any point in British India, replaced by stamps of the Republic
GWB: George W. Barber, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
G. Wisen Local Post: see Malmö - G. Wisen Local Post.
G.W.R. Air Mail: Great Western Railway semiofficial
air mail stamp for service between Cardiff, Wales and Plymouth, started
May 15, 1933, discontinued Sept. 30, 1933.
G.W.S.T.: Great Western Station, Britain.
GY: 1: Marine Insurance; Scott catalog number prefix
to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: Guyana; country code
as used by the UPU.
Gylden: (Dan.) golden (metallic color), see Guldfarve.
Gyldengul: (Dan.) golden-yellow (color).
Gyöngszürke: (Hung.)pearl-grey (color).