Glossary of Stamp Collecting Terms


I: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City, such as I-39100 Bolzano, Italy. 2: with eagle and United States of America: New York Custom House revenue seal. 3: Peruvian monetary unit symbol, started in 1985. 4: Scott Catalogue prefix for Late Fee (Panama, Denmark, etc.). 5. Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Italy.
IA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Iowa. 2: address written in ink.
Ia.: early territorial postmark refers to Indiana, not Iowa..
I. A.: Immigration Agent, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Ianuarie: (Rom.) January.
Iasi: formerly Jassy, Romania.
I.B.: 1: West Irian, 1970; on stamps inscribed "Republik Indonesia.." 2: Republik Indonesia. 3: Inland Branch.
I. Balear: (Sp.) Islas Baleares, Balearic Islands pre-adhesive postmark, located in Mediterranean Sea.
I B B: postmark indicting Industrial Building Branch, New York City; used in late 1800s.
IBC: Irving B. Cohen, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Iberia: Iberian Peninsula; Spain and Portugal.
Ibero-Amerika: (Ger.) Latin America.
Ibi: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
IBIP: Information Based Indicia Program, printed designs indicating prepayment of postage, tested in the U.S. starting in1999; with the franking indicia containing information that is encrypted to make each imprint a unique postage frank that cannot be duplicated.
Ibiza: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Ibiza y Formentera: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Ibolya: (Hung.) violet (color).
Ibros: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
I C: Iron Curtain.
ICAO: United Nations inscription for International Civil Aviation Organization.
Icaria (Ikaria, Nicaria): Aegean Island captured by Greece from Turkey; 1912, July: independent from Turkey and declared a free state, 1912, Oct. 8: provisional government issued stamps under a Greek military administration, 1912, Nov. 4: occupied and annexed by Greece, 1913: overprint on stamps of Greece, 1913, June: Greek stamps used.
ICC: Indo China, Laos, Vietnam overprint on stamps of India for International Control Commission; for Indian forces stationed in Laos and Vietnam beginning in 1965 until 1968.
ICCR: label; International Council of City Republics.
Iceland: island in the North Atlantic Ocean; official name of postal administration: Íslandspóstur hf currency: 96 skillings = 1 rigsdaler, 100 aurar = 1 krona (1876) 1776: postal system declared by royal decree, 1778: mail-boat service between Reykjavik and Copenhagen started, 1870, March: first stamps from Denmark, 1873, Jan. 1: No. 1, 2 skillings ultramarine, official stamp issued, 1875: joined UPU as a Danish possession, 1918, Nov. 30: independent constitutional monarchy under the Danish crown, 1919, Nov. 15: joined the UPU, 1928, May 31: first air mail stamp issued, 1933, April 28: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940, May: British forces used Field Post Offices, 1941, July 7: U.S. takes over military bases, 1944, June 17: declared a republic, independent from Denmark.
Ichang: China Treaty Port local stamp, 1895-97.
Ichkeria: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps.
I-Chun: Central Chinese local post; 1949.
I.C.O.N.U.: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
ICY: United Nations inscription for International Cooperation Year.
ID: USPS abbreviation for Idaho.
Idaho: U.S. Territory March 3, 1863; state July 3, 1890; cut from Dakota, Nebraska and Washington territories.
Idar: India Feudatory State; 1939, Feb. 21: first local stamps as booklet panes, called Idar State, 1948: local stamps discontinued, 1950, Apr.30: separate stamps discontinued, uses stamps of Republic of India.
IDC: Interrupted Die Cut
Ideal Stamp: British Post Office contest held in conjunction with the Jubilee International Stamp exhibition in 1912, but winning design was not accepted by post office.
I de Cuba: (Sp.) Isla de Cuba, pre-adhesive postmark.
I del Carmen: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Idem: This word, when printed on top of a stamp issue indicates that it has all the indications of the previous issue.
Identique: (Fr.) identical.
Ideogram: pictures or symbols used to represent a word or a concept in Chinese, but which are not pictures of the things in questions.
Idrovolante: (It.) (by Hydroplane) overprint on stamps of Italy for air mail, 1917.
I. E.: Intestate Estates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
I.E.F.: 1: "Indian Expeditionary Forces" overprint on stamps of India for British occupation of German East Africa, 1914-22. 2: Troops in Iraq in WW I used stamps of India overprinted I.E.F.
I.E.F. 'D': overprint on stamps of Turkey during British occupation of Mosul (Iraq); 1919; used by Indian troops pf the Mesopotamia Force.
Ierusalem: 1909-10 overprint on stamps of Russia for Offices in Turkish Empire; commemorated the 50th anniversary of Russian post offices in the Turkish Empire.
I Fiera di Tripoli: overprint on stamps of Libya for 11th Sample Fair, April 24, 1937.
I. Filips: (Sp.) Islas Filipinas; pre-adhesive postmark used in the Philippines.
Ifni: located on southern coast of Morocco; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1860: ceded by Morocco, Spain obtained title to area but did not take possession until 1934, 1934: Spanish settlement established, 1941: No.1, 1 centimo green, first stamps were Spanish issue overprinted "Territorio de Ifni," 1943: first air mail (C 30), definitive issue, Note: C-1-29 were privately overprinted, 1950, Oct. 19: first semipostal issue, 1958, Jan. 12: became a maritime province of Spain, 1969, June 30: ceded to the Kingdom of Morocco.
Ifor-Bosnia: Ukraine Forces in Bosnia, unofficial.
IFSDA: International Federation of Stamp Dealers Association.
I.G.: inconnu, inspection garde (Fr.) unknown, on undelivered, retained letters, 1790.
I Gildi '02-'03: (Ice.) (Valid '02-'03) overprint on stamps of Iceland.
Iglesia: (It.) church.
IGPC: Inter-Governmental Philatelic Corporation
Igualada: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
Igualeja: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
1914 Iguirnne Aiséirge 1916: (Gaelic) in memory of the rebellion of 1916.
I.G.Y.: International Geophysical Year, July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958.
I. J. P. O.: Imperial Japanese Post Office, Japanese Offices Abroad, postmark used in China and Manchuria mail.
Ikapiae: Greece-Icaria (Nicaria).
Ikaria: see Icaria.
Ikke Udgivet: (Dan.) unissued, not issued .
IL: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Israel, such as IL-68021 Tel Aviv. 2: USPS abbreviation for Illinois.
Ilaka: Indian States term for a territory, a subdivision.
Ilavoamena: Madagascar local issue.
Ile: (Fr.) island, isle.
Ile Barbe: fantasy stamps of France by A. Bourdi.
Ile de la Reunion: (Fr.) Reunion, early issues.
Ile de Man: (Fr.) Isle of Man.
Ile Maurice: (Fr.) Mauritius.
Ile Prince Edouard: (Fr.) Prince Edward Island.
Ile Rouad: located off the coast of Syria, 1916, Jan. 12: first stamps issued as military post office, overprint on officials of France in the Levant for Rouad.
Ile Roy: French restaurant fantasy.
Iles Anglo-Normandes: (Fr.) Channel islands.
Iles Cook: (Fr.) Cook Islands.
Iles de Comoro: (Fr.) Comoro Islands.
Iles de la Manche: (Fr.) Channel Islands, mainly Jersey and Guernsey.
Iles de Manu’a et de Tutuila: (Fr.) Samoa.
Iles de la Mer Egee: (Fr.) Aegean Islands.
Iles des Sourds: (Islands of the Deaf) Donald Evans issue, tropical archipelago.
Iles Feroe: (Fr.) Faroes.
Iles Ioniennes: (Fr.) Ionian Islands.
Iles Salomon: (Fr.) British Solomon Islands.
Iles sous le Vent: (Fr.) Leeward Islands.
Iles Vier(t)ges: (Fr.) Virgin Islands.
Iles Wallis et Futuna: (Fr.) overprint / inscription on stamps of New Caledonia for Wallis and Futuna Islands, 1920-40.
Illetékbélyeg: (Hung.) revenue stamp.
Ilha de Trinidade: (Port.) inscription on stamp of Brazil for Trindade; see Trindade.
ILHAS: islands (Port.) applied to mail from the Azores at Lisbon,1845.
Ili Republic: located in Ili valley, north-west of Sinkiang, China; 1945: declared independence, issued stamps. 1949: rejoined China.
Ili-Taching-Altal Area: Northwest China (Sinkiang) local, 1949.
Ill.: abbreviation for Illinois prior to Zip Code usage.
Illegal stamp: according to the UPU, an illegal stamp is one that carries the name of a legitimate country or territory, but was not produced or printed by the postal administration of that country, and is not valid for postage anywhere in the world.
Illegal Use: an improper use of a postage stamp or other adhesive; may be intentional or unintentional.
Illetékbélyeg: (Hung.)revenue stamp.
Illinguellato: (It.) never hinged.
Illinois: U.S. territory March 2, 1809; state Dec. 3, 1818; cut from Indiana Territory.
Illinois Express Co.: parcel delivery firm serviced Illinois; used stamps; year unknown.
ILO: United Nations inscription for International Labor Organization.
Illustrated covers: a cachet with an illustration, not just words.
Illustrated Mail Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include advertising covers, patriotic covers, corner cards, first day covers (with focus on cachet) and maximum cards; note that post cards are not included.
Ilmaposti: (Finnish) air post.
IIoptp Ckpncopn: (looks like) first stamps of Moldavia, listed under Romania.
Ilustrata maxima: (Rom.) maximum card.
Illustrations de Timbre-Poste: (Fr.) first attempt to show illustrations of postage stamps, Belgian stamp dealer J.B. Moens, 1862.
I M: India Mail; used as a pre-adhesive postmark.
Imadi: currency unit of Yemen Arab Republic.
Image tagging: term used when only the design portion of a stamp is tagged.
I. Man: Isle of Man; used as a pre-adhesive postmark.
Imbros: fantasy military label sold during WW I.
IMCO: United Nations inscription for Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
Im Fuerstentum Liechtenstein: inscription on stamps of Liechtenstein for Austrian administration.
Imitation perforation: simulated perforation; used on the first issue of Simoor, reprinted and copied with perforations from a dealer's catalog.
Imitation watermark: mark pressed or printed on finished paper to imitate a watermark.
Immediata: misspelling of Inmediata on special delivery stamps of Cuba under U.S. military occupation.
Imp., Imperf.: abbreviation for imperforate.
Imp: 1: (It.) impostazione, posting site. 2: (Fr.) imprimés, printed matter.
Impeccabile: (It.) perfect.
Imperfecto: (Sp.) defective, imperfect.
Imperforate: stamps without separating holes; they are usually separated by scissors and are collected in pairs or strips.
Imperforate between: refers to two attached stamps without perforations between the stamps, but with full perforations on all four sides.
Imperforate Horizontally: two stamps, on one top of the other, without perforations between two stamps, leaving horizontal straight edges at top and bottom.
Imperforate margin: edge without separation of a stamp from the outer margin, sometimes called "fantail."
Imperforate printings: French-area, and other countries produce limited-edition of commemorative issues for sale to collectors.
Imperforate Vertically: two stamps, side by side horizontally, without perforations between stamps and with vertical straight edges.
Imperial British East Africa Company: inscription on stamps of British East Africa during 1890-91.
Imperial Chinese Post: inscription used on stamps of China, 1897-1910.
Imperial crown watermark: used on stamps of Great Britain in 1880, wider and flatter in shape with a prominent circular orb under the cross.
Imperial Japanese Post: inscription used on stamps of Japan, 1876-1945.
Imperial Korean Post: inscription used on stamps of Korea, 1900-01.
Imperial reply coupons: see: International Reply Coupons.
Imperio Colonial Portugues: inscription for Portuguese India postage due labels, 1945.
Imperio do Brasil: inscription for Empire of Brazil, 1887-88.
Imperio Mexicano: The Mexican Empire, 1866.
Imperium proofs: special prints of the Q.V. and K.E. VII British colonial designs made by the printing firm of De La Rue from plates which were engraved "Imperium" at the head, exist in colors, imperforate and/or perforated and on paper with/without watermark.
Imper. reg posta austr: inscription for Austrian Offices in Turkey, 1883-86.
Imporeson en relieve: (Sp.) embossed.
Imposta sull'entrata: (It.) income tax; inscription on Italian revenue stamps.
Impôt Compre: (Fr.) tax included; French Colony revenue inscription.
Impôt de Capitation: (Fr.) poll or head tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Impôt du Timbre: (Fr.) general stamp duty; French Colony revenue inscription.
Impôt Personnel: (Fr.) personal tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Impôt Sur le Revenue: (Fr.) income tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imprenta: (Sp.) imprint.
Imprentilla: (Sp.) handstamp.
Impresión doble: (Sp.) double impression.
Impresión en relieve: (Sp.) embossed.
Impresión offset: (Sp.) offset printing.
Impresión rotativa: (Sp.) rotary printing.
Impreso a mano: (Sp.) handstamped.
Impresos: (Sp.) inscription for printed matter on stamps of the Philippines and Cuba, 1886.
Impressed duty stamps: British term for revenue or fiscal stamps, evidence that a government fee has been paid; used in Great Britain as early as 1694.
Impressed printing flaw: a constant variety with color missing.
Impressed stamp: a stamp applied to any form of postal stationery by ordinary printing methods, usually excludes embossing.
Impressed watermark: applied by a die or roller after the paper is made.
Impression: 1: printing produced by one complete revolution of a rotary printing base; also known as the actual printed design of a stamp. 2: (Fr.) printing. 3: an imprint of stamp(s) taken from a die, plate or other printing base. 4: any stamped or embossed printing.
Impressione a rilievo: (It.) embossed.
Impression en offset: (Fr.) offset printing.
Impression en relief: (Fr.) embossed.
Impression par cylindre: (Fr.) rotary printing.
Imprimatur: (Latin) "let it be printed" term for the first pane of a stamp produced after a printing plate was approved.
Imprime:(Fr.) printed
Imprime: overprint on stamps of Iran, Turkey as newspaper stamps.
Imprime en relief: (Fr.) embossed
Imprimer: (Fr.) to print, stamp or impress.
Imprimerie des Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) printer's inscription on deluxe presentation sheets by French-area countries.
Imprimés: printed matter.
Imprimés: overprint on stamps of Iran for newspapers.
Imprimeur: (Fr.) printer.
Imprimatur printing: (Latin) produced in some countries after the printing plate is finished and may or may not differ from the final issued stamps; usually have an imprint on the back to designate them, as imprimatur tests.
Imprint: 1: any part of a stamp's design printed at the time of the original stamp's production; vs an overprint, which is added at a later time. 2: inscription with name, initials, etc., usually of the producers of the stamps; found in the margins of the sheets of the stamps.
Imprint-Authority: Australian printing on bottom left hand corner of the sheet selvage preceded by name of printing firm. For example "Ash Imprint-Authority (of the Government) "In Dienst R.D.M. O.V.S.": stamps issued to 1896 Orange Free State mounted police force for use in franking official correspondence.
Imprint block: a block of stamps taken from a portion of the sheet where the printer's name or imprint is located on the margin.
Imprinted envelope: an envelope that has a printed stamp applied to it; also known as postal stationery.
Imprints: U.S. stamps issued from 1851 until 1917 bore imprints in the margin of the panes to identify the manufacturer; the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing stopped putting imprints on panes in 1911, but they have appeared in later years when old plates with imprints were used to produce additional stamps.
Impronta: (It.) imprint.
Improperly returned: USPS term for mail erroneously returned to the sender.
Improved perforations: where several perforations have been changed to enhance the appearance, such as punching out of previously unpunched perforations.
Impto. de Guerra: (Sp.) Puerto Rico, Spain (1874-98) war tax stamp.
Impuest de Encomiendas: parcel post stamps of Uruguay.
Impuesto: (Sp.) tax, Chile revenues used as postage.
Impuesto de la Deuda (de Cuba): (Sp.) tax on items relating to the Cuban debt.
Impuesto de Encomiendas: overprint / inscription on stamps of Uruguay for parcel post.
Impuesto de Guerra: (Sp.) 1: inscription/overprint on stamps of Spain to raise money to fight a war, 1874-98; known as war tax stamps. 2: Overprint on stamps of Puerto Rico for war tax, U. S. military administration.
Impuesto de Timbre: (Sp.) general revenue stamp.
Impuesto Patriotico: (Sp.) non-postage.
Impuesto Sardinero-Murcia 1900: (Sp.) sardine tax, Murcia, Spanish town.
Impuesto Sobre la Deuda del Estado: (Sp.) tax on the National Debt items.
Impuesto Sobre Naipes: (Sp.) tax on playing cards.
Impuesto Sobre Titulos de la Deuda de Ultramar: (Sp.) tax on bonds, certificates of the Overseas Debt.
Impuesto Sobre Titulos de la Deuda Exterior: (Sp.) tax on bonds, certificates of the External Debt.
Imputation: (Fr.) the identification of a philatelic item.
IMS / Hasler / LEO Hasler / ACSOM Hasler: U.S. postage meter firm, 1981-to date.
IN: USPS abbreviation for Indiana.
Inaugural flight: initial flight of airline, route or aircraft with airmail aboard.
Inauguration covers: covers postmarked on the day a new U.S. president is inaugurated and sworn into office; since 1957, the words "Inauguration Day" have been incorporated into the cancel.
Închis: (Rom.) dark (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Închisoare: (Rom.) prison.
Inchi ya Etat du Katanga: Katanga, rebellion against the Belgian Congo.
Incisione: (It.) steel engraving.
Inciso: (It.) engraved.
iN Ci Yil Donumyu: Turkey, postal tax.
Incl.: including, auction catalog abbreviation.
Inclinados: (Port.) oblique numeral issues of Brazil of 1844-50.
Inclus: (Fr.) included.
Inclusions: any substances incorporated in the paper web during the manufacturing process and normally different in color from the stamp.
Incollato: (It.) mounted.
Inconnu: (Fr.) unknown.
In corso: (It.) current.
Ind.: abbreviation for Indiana prior to Zip Code usage.
IND: international postal code for India.
Inde: (Fr.) French India; 1859-92: used French Colonies General issue.
Inde Française, Inde F'Çaise: (Fr.) inscription for French India, 1929.
Indelebile: (Fr.) indelible, non-fugitive (ink).
Indemnity claim: USPS term for request for reimbursement filed for loss or damage to an item mailed by insured mail, collect of delivery, registered or Express Mail.
Inde Néerlandaise: (Fr.) Dutch Indies.
Indenlandsk Brevporto: (Dan.) inland postage.
Independence, Tex. 10, Pd: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Independence / 11th November /1965: overprint on stamps of Southern Rhodesia to commemorate its independence.
Independence / 3rd November /1978: overprint on stamps of Dominica to commemorate its independence.
Independent Express: local parcel firm serviced New York City; used stamps; year unknown.
Independent mail routes: private express companies in 1844-45 that initiated mail service along railroad and water routes between cities in the northeast and also to and from the Great Lakes region, in competition with the Post Office Department.
Independent Messenger and Delivery Service: parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Indes: (Fr.) India.
India: sub-continent of southern Asia; official name of postal administration: India Post currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 naye paise = 1 rupee (1957), 100 paise = 1 rupee (1984) 1688: Company Dawk, exchange of mail established at Bombay/Madras by the East India Company, 1774: system opened to the public, with meal tickets or tokens issued to pay postal charges, 1837, Oct. 1: Indian Post Office Act provided for uniform rates, routes and apparel; declared all private posts illegal, 1852, July 1: adhesive stamps introduced in Sind Province (Scinde Dawk), now Pakistan, 1854, Oct. 1: No. 1, 1/2 anna red, adhesive definitive stamps were introduced, 1854-67: stamps used in Malacca, Penang and Singapore, 1854-76: used bar in diamond as cancel, stamps of East India Company used, 1855: inscribed East India Postage, but valid throughout India, 1858, Nov. 1: became a Crown Colony, 1860: government issues, 1866, Aug.1: "Service" overprinted on ordinary stamps for official government mail, 1876, July 1: joined the UPU, 1877: stamp inscription changed from East India Postage to India when Queen became Empress of India, 1882: stamps inscribed "India Postage," 1888: mail passed through Suez Canal, 1900: stamps overprinted "C.E.F." China Expeditionary Force, for use in China, 1911: experimental air mail flights started, 1914: stamps overprinted "I.E.F." Indian Expeditionary Force, for use in Mesopotamia and German East Afrida, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1931, Feb. 9: commemorative stamp issued, 1947, Aug. 15: divided into India and Pakistan, 1950, Jan. 26: independent Republic of India within the British commonwealth, 1953: stamps overprinted "Indian / Korea Custodial Unit." for use in China and Korea, 1954: stamps overprinted "International Commission Cambodia / Laos / Viet Nam," 1965: stamps overprinted "UNEF." United Nations Emergency Force, or use in Gaza, 1965, Jan.15: stamps overprinted "ICC" International Control Commission for use in Laos and Viet Nam, 1971: semipostal stamp issued.
India: Jalopy inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
India 1931: inscription with "Comemorativo da Exposicao de S. Francisco Xavier" on stamps of Portuguese India issued in1931 for exhibition held in Goa.
India, British: British East India Company acquisition of territory; 1887: areas of India not under direct British rule, were protected states under native rulers; known as convention and feudatory states, which issued their own stamps.
India, Correio: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1898-1943.
India, Crown Colony of: stamps of India overprinted with crown; 1867, Sept. 1: first issue of the Straits Settlement.
India, East India Company: see India.
India, Estado da: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1946-60.
Indiai: (Hung.) Indian.
Indiai Óceáni: (Hung.) Indian Ocean.
India Letter: a ship letter handstamp applied to letters arriving in England from parts of Africa and India.
Indiana: U.S. territory July 5, 1800; state Dec. 11, 1816; cut from territory north-west of the Ohio River.
Indian Classics: made up of the Scinde Dawks, the East India Company, and the Crown Colony stamps.
Indian Convention States: Chamba, Faridkot, Gwalior, Jind, Nabha, Patiala; stamps valid to prepay postage to any part of India.
Indian Expeditionary Forces: stamps of India of the 1911-13 issue overprinted "I.E.F." in 1914 for use by Indian military forces during World War I.
Indian Feudatory States: Alwar, Bamra, Barwani, Bhopal, Bhor, Bijawar, Bundi, Bussahir, Charkhari, Cochin, Dhar, Duttia, Faridkot, Hyderabad, Idar, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jasdan, Jhalawar, Jind, Kishangarh, Las Bela, Morvi, Nandgaon, Nowanuggur, Orchha, Poonch, Rajpipla, Sirmoor, Soruth, Travancore, Wadhwan; stamps valid for postage only within respective states. 1949, July 1: states of Travancore and Cochin formed a united state, 1950, April 1: all Feudatory States stamps replaced by issues of the Republic of India.
Indian Forces in Congo: 1962, Jan. 15: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "U.N. Force (India) Congo" for use of Indian troops making up the United nations forces in the Congo.
Indian Forces in Gaza: India Children's Day stamp overprinted "UNEF" for use by the Indian forces with the United Nations in Gaza.
Indian Forces in Indo-China: 1: India stamps overprinted "ICC" (International Control Commission) for use by the Indian forces in Indo-China in1954. 2: Indian stamps overprinted with three different sets of Hindu characters for use by Indian forces in Indo-China, in 1954. 3: issued commemorative stamps.
Indian Forces in Korea: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces in Korea, 1953.
Indian telegraph stamps: inscribed "Electric Telegraph and "Govt. of India Telegraph Department," issued in 1860.
Indian Territory: U.S., never formally recognized as a territory.
Indian U.N. Forces in Congo: 1962, Jan. 15: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "U.N. Force (India) Congo" for use of Indian troops making up the United nations forces in the Congo.
Indian U.N. Forces in Gaza: India Children's Day stamp overprinted "UNEF" for use by the Indian forces with the United Nations in Gaza.
Indian Forces in Korea: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces in Korea, 1953.
India paper: a strong paper that is soft, thin and silk-like usually used for proof impressions; formerly called China paper.
India, Port: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1871-83.
India, Porteado: inscription used on Postage Due stamps of Portuguese India, 1904-14.
India Portugueza: (Port.) inscription on stamps of Portuguese India, 1887-95.
India Route: Via Brindisi; UPU permitted a surcharge on mail traveling this route in 1881-2.
Indicia: stamped impression of the denomination indicating prepayment of postage.
Indicium: plural is indicia:1: imprinted postage stamp on postal stationery. 2: description of meter stamp impression.
Indicky: (Czech.) Indian.
Indie: 1. French India. 2. (Czech.) India.
Indien: (Dan., Ger.) India.
Indigo: (Rom.) indigo-blue (color).
Indigoblå: (Dan., Swed.) indigo blue (color).
Indigofarvet: (Dan.) indigo (color).
Indirekter Druck: (Ger.) offset printing.
Indirizzo: (It.) address; place to which mail can be sent.
Indisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Indian.
Indiske Stater: (Dan., Nor.) Indian States.
Indklćbning: (Dan.) (stamp) mounting.
Inklippt: (Swed.) cut into.
Indleverer: (Dan.) consignor, owner, vendor.
Indo-China: see: A&T, A and T.
Indo-China: 1896, Oct. 1: joined the UPU with Cambodian and part of Indo-China, Laos and part of Indo-China, and Viet Nam, 1951, Oct. 20: UPU affiliation of Viet Nam changed to Republic of Viet Nam. 1951, Dec. 21: UPU affiliation of Cambodia changed to Khmere Republic, 1952, May 2: UPU affiliation of Laos changed to independent Laos. Iraq in Coalition Occupation: overprint / surcharge on stamps of Iraq; authenticity is unknown.
Indo-China, French: south-eastern Asia; made up of Annam, Cambodia, Cochin China, Laos, Tonkin, Vietnam, and area of China leased to France as Kwangchown; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 piaster (1918) 1889: No.1, 5 centimes deep violet on orange-lilac, first stamps issued, issued of French Colonies overprinted and surcharged for use in Indo-China, 1904, June 26: first postage due stamp issued, 1914: first semipostal stamp issued, 1933: first air mail, official stamps issued, 1940: occupied by Japan, 1945-49: China, France, and Great Britain occupied most of area, 1949, June 14: Vietnam established from Cochin China, Annam and Tonkin, 1950: divided into Viet-Nam (North and South), Cambodia and Laos. 1954: stamps of India overprinted "International Commission Cambodia" for use in Indo-China.
Indo-Chine: overprint on French Colonies for Indo-China; with surtax on French semipostal, 1892-1946.
Indochinese peninsula: consists of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
Indokina: (Dan., Hung., Swed.) Indochina.
Indomalaysia: Punch magazine cover parody.
Indonesia: East Indies, located between Australia, Singapore and Papua, formerly Netherlands Indies; official name of postal administration: PT Pos Indonesia currency: 100 sen = 1 rupiah 1864: first stamps were those of the Dutch East Indies, 1874: first postage due stamp issued, 1877, May 1: joined the UPU, 1911, Oct. 11: first official stamp issued, 1915, June10: first semipostal stamp issued,1928, Sept. 20.: first air mail stamp issued, 1943-44: Japanese occupation stamps issued for Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Malucca Archipelago, South Borneo, and Sumatra, 1945: issued pictorial, semipostal stamps, 1945, Sept.: British troops accepted surrender from local republic, 1946: Dutch troops took over, 1947, March 27: Indonesian Republic established, 1947: issued air mail stamps, 1948-50: inscription used on stamps of Indonesia, 1949, Dec. 27: former Netherlands East Indies, except New Guinea, became independent, named "United States of Indonesia," 1950, Jan. 17: first stamp as Republik Indonesia Serikat, (overprint RIS-United States of Indonesia), 1950, Aug. 17: first stamps as Republic of Indonesia, 1950: issued postage due stamps, 1950: South Moluccas revolted, issued own stamps with overprint "Republik Maluku Selatan," cinderellas, 1950: first postage due stamps issued, 1950, Aug. 15-Aug. 10, 1954: Republic of Indonesia formed until dissolved in 1954, 1951, Jan. 2: first semipostal issued, 1954, Jan. 1: Riau-Lingga Archipelago stamps issued, Indonesia overprint, withdrawn Dec. 1965.
Indonesia: 1: preceded by "N.R." Indonesia, Sumatra local. 2: preceded by "Republik," Indonesia. 3: (not preceded by Republik) Netherlands Indies.
Indonesia: (with Republik)1950, Aug. 17: overprint on stamps of Dutch East Indies for Indonesia, 1954, Aug. 10: dissolved as part of Netherlands-Indonesia Union.
Indonesia: (without Republik) Netherlands Indies overprint on stamps of Dutch Indies.
Indonesie: (Fr.) Indonesia.
Indore: India Feudatory State, known as Holkar; 1886: first local stamps, 1950, Apr.30: separate stamps discontinued, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Indore State: inscription used on stamps of Indore, India, 1904-47.
Indorsement: inscription on the back of a postage stamp.
Indstiksalbum: (Dan.) stockbook.
Ind. T: Indian Territory, when used in a postmark.
Industrielle Kriegswirtschaft: Switzerland overprint on 1918 issue as official stamps for War Board of Trade.
Infantes: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
Inflation issue: stamps issued during periods of highfinancial instability.
Inflationsmarke: (Ger.) inflation stamp.
Inflation Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society group focused on inflation caused by reparations paid after World War I, caused mail rates to increase from 12 Mk. to 100,000,000,000 Mk. in one year.
Information-based Indicia: a postage imprint that features a two-dimensional bar code containing data necessary for revenue protection.
Information sheetlet: Documents Philatelique Oficiel Official Philatelic Document; issued by France, include a copy of the issued stamp cancelled on the first day, a monocolor engraving of the stamp, descriptive text and a larger topical engraving with an embossed control seal.
Inforum Private Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ingermanland, North: Russian territory (Ingria) adjoining Finland declared its independence, 1920: issued stamps, part of Russia.
Ingham, H. A. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Inglaterra: (Sp., Port.) England.
Ingles: (It.) English.
Ingleton Delivery Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ingolf: overprints on U.S. stamps somewhere in the Atlantic, may be a ship marking.
Ingrie: (Fr.) North Ingermanland.
Ingushetia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Îngust: (Rom.) narrow.
Inhanbane: Portuguese colonial unit in Mozambique; currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913) 1895, July 1: No.1, 5 reis black, overprint on stamps of Mozambique, Portuguese colonial keytype, 1920: replaced by stamps of Mozambique.
Inini, Arrondissement of: region in interior of French Guiana; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1930: separated from French Guiana, 1932, April 7: No.1,1 centime gray-lilac and green-blue, first postage due stamp issued, 1932: stamps of French Guiana overprinted "Territoire de L'Inini" 1939, July 5: first semipostal stamps issued, 1946: reunited with French Guiana as division of Overseas Department of France; French stamps used
Initials: used in sheet margins as identification of individuals working at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing who participated in the production of plates.
I.N.K.E.R.I., Inkeri: see Ingermanland, North.
Ink fountain: a trough which holds ink and then supplies it to the press.
Inkjet: postmark sprayed on envelopes during canceling process with postal code, date, time and various canceling symbols.
Inklippt: (Swed.) cut into.
Ink starvation: occurs when the printing press in underinked and parts of the stamp design may be printed faintly.
Inlämnare: (Swed.) consignor, owner, vendor.
Inland 3 Cents: inscription on Liberia 3-cent stamp, 1881.
Inländisch: (Ger.) domestic.
Inland Letter Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Inland mail stamps: stamps intended specifically for domestic use; used in Madagascar (1895) and Liberia (1897).
Inland Revenue: 1889; overprint and surcharge on stamps of British Guiana.
Inlandsbrief: (Ger.) domestic letter.
Innehĺll: (Swed.) contents.
Inner Mongolia: (Meng Chiang) currently an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China; 1941, July 1-1945: issued own stamps.
In Punkten Durchstochen: (Ger.) pin perforation.
Inrikes Post: Sweden, discount postage.
Innskrift: (Nor.) inscription.
Inrikes försändelser: (Swed.) domestic covers, mail carried within the country.
Inschrift: (Ger.) inscription.
Inscriptie: (Rom.) inscription.
Inscription: any letters, words or numbers on a postage stamp.
Inscriptional pair: bi-lingual pair of stamps from the Union of South Africa with attached margin bearing printer's inscription or imprint.
Inscription block: a block of four or more stamps, with selvage attached, that carries an inscription.
Insel: (Ger.) island.
Inselngruppe: (Ger.) group of islands.
Inseln unter dem Winde: (Ger.) Leeward Islands.
Inselpost: (Ger.) "island post" overprint for mail by air or submarine, from the Hela peninsula, Crete, the Aegean Islands and Rhodes, March-May, 1945.
Inselzähnung: (Ger.) perforations around a single stamps; such as in a souvenir sheet.
Insert: an item placed in an envelope or mailpiece; usually used with a window envelope.
Inspection Service: USPS law enforcement agency that investigates criminal acts for misuse of the postal system in all aspects.
Inspector General: investigates and evaluates programs and operations of the USPS to ensure the efficiency and integrity of the postal system.
Inspector of Dead Letters: postal position created by Congress in 1777 for head of Dead Letter Office.
Instances Judiciares: court fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Instanta: perforation gauge invented by C.P. Rang for Stanley Gibbons Ltd.
Institutos: (Sp.) fiscals for matriculation and degrees fees; 1878.
Instrucao D.L. No.7 de 3-2-1934: overprint on Portugal India for Timor war tax semi-postal, 1934-35.
Instrucción: (Sp.) (Education) Venezuela revenue inscription, 1879-82,1887, used for postage during shortage of regular stamps.
Instructional Markings: see Auxiliary Markings.
Insufficiently Prepaid: Zanzibar postage due, 1931-33.
Insula: (Rom.) island.
Insurance cancellations: cancelled revenue stamps by insurance firms, 1862-71.
Insurance Courier Services: local post, private by ICS Air, Canada, about 1980.
Insurance stamps: stamps issued for use by a government's life insurance department.
Insured letter stamps: stamps issued to pay the insurance fee on a letter.
Insured mail: any mail piece that has been inured against loss or damage (in some cases) upon payment of an extra fee by the sender.
Intaglio: any type of printing in which the inked image is below the surface of the plate, used for the "Penny Black.".
Intaglio printing: method by which a print is made from a design of recessed lines engraved in a die or plate; Italian for "in recess."
Intaille: (Fr.) intaglio, engraving.
Intangible Value: price that cannot be quoted due to sentimenral value or personal reasons.
Integrated Retail Terminals: post offices computers that weigh mailing pieces, calculate postage, print receipts and maintain records.
Intelligent Mail: USPS term for a barcode that captures data about the individual mailpiece.
Intelpost: electronic facsimile system for transmission of documents used between Toronto, Canada and Washington, D.C., postal administrations, 1980.
Interazionale: (It.) international.
Interessenten-Sonderpostamt: (Ger.) special post offices which only postmark stamps on request.
Interinsular postage: inscription on first stamps of Bahamas indicating internal use only since external mails were under control of Great Britain; in effect June 10, 1859-May 1860.
Interior: (Sp.) 1: inland mail, as opposed to foreign mail. 2: mail to be delivered to a city or local district in which it was posted.
Interior: (Sp.) inscription of parcel post stamps of Uruguay, mercury design.
Interior, Dep't. of: inscription on U. S. Officials.
Interior Service: stamps not valid for UPU service but may be the first stamps of several nations such as Cape of Good Hope, Reunion, Switzerland; also all the stamps of some other nations such as Shanghai and the small Indian states.
Interleaves: translucent tissue placed between the pages of an album to prevent stamps from rubbing against each other.
Intermediate flaw: lithographic flaw due to the transfer from the matrix stone to the intermediate stone or stones and therefore appears on the intermediate stone.
Internal Postage: revenue stamps used as postage; see: British Central Africa.
Internal Revenue: the revenue tax collected within the country.
Internasjonal: (Nor.) international.
International and Colonial Postage Association: formed in London in 1851, planted the concept of international postal reform.
International Business Reply Service (IBRS): a service that permits mail pieces to be distributed in certain nations for return without postage prepayment to the original sender.
International canceling Machine: can be identified on U.S. mail with the year date on the bottom of the circle.
International Colonial Exposition: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1931.
International Commission in Indo-China: 1954, Dec. 1: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces serving with the commission, with separate overprints for Cambodia, Laos and Viet-Nam.
International Cooperation Year: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1965.
International Court of Justice: 1934; overprint on Dutch stamps; located in The Hague; officially only available as used copies, 1947: stamps re-introduced.
International Educational Office: 1944, overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations, 1958: special issues.
International Envelope Co.: manufacturer of U.S. stamped envelopes, started 1929.
Internationaler Antwortschein: (Ger.) International Rely Coupon (IRC).
Internationale Seepoststation: (Ger.) international sea (mail) station post.
Internationales Postzentrum: (Ger.) international postal center.
International Exchange Office: a mail facility authorized to exchange international mail with another country.
International Express: parcel delivery firm serviced New York City, New England and eastern Canada; used labels and stamps; late 1880s, bogus stamps exist.
International Fair Brussels: triangular label for non-philatelic trade fair, year unknown.
International Labour Office: Bureau International du Travail, 1923: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations, 1932: first commemorative stamp issued, 1950, Feb.: special issues.
International (Letter) Express: bogus label, 1864.
International mail: mail originating in one country and addressed to another.
International Parcel Post: U.S. Post Office label for 5 cents fee, in addition to the postage, for the delivery of a parcel post item from a foreign country, 1913-31.
International Philatelic Exhibition: seal to promote a stamp exhibition, looks like a stamp, considered a cinderella.
International Postal Convention: 12 European nations met in Paris, 1863, to discuss the foreign mail confusion; became the Universal Postal Union in 1878.
International Postal Supply Co.: U.S. postage meter firm, 1922-59, acquired by Friden Inc.
International Postal Union: formerly the German-Austrian Postal Union which was formed in 1850; individual states were permitted to print their own stamps, with the fees being equal for all.
International Refugee Organization: 1950, Feb. 1: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
International Reply Coupon (IRC): a coupon that can be purchased from a post office and may be exchanged in any member country of the Universal Postal Union for the minimum postage payable on international unregistered letters.
International Stamp Exhibition: see: Ideal Stamp.
International Telecommunications Union: 1958: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
International Vending Machine Co.: Baltimore, Md. manufacturer of stamp vending machines, 1906-09. Internee mail: mail from persons interned during time of war.
Interneeringskampen: (Dutch) inscription on stamps of the Netherlands for use by foreign military personnel interned by the Dutch government during World War I.
Internet dealer: a dealer who buys material at stamp shows in the expectation of selling it via the Internet.
Internet-stamps: not stamps, but a postage paid indications with a bar-code.
Intero: (It.) see Entire.
Intero Postale: (It.) postal stationery.
Interpanel: (Sp.) gutter, space between stamps on full sheets.
Interpanneau: (Fr.) gutter.
Interphil ‘76: international stamp show held in Philadelphia, 1976.
Interplanetary Essays-Created and Designed in Great Britain: 8 of the 32 designs from Interplanetary Postage by H.E. MacIntosh, Springfield, Mass., 1958.
Interplanetary Postage: labels in 32 designs created by Lever Brothers. Soap Co. for subscribers to the British boy's magazine, Eagle.
Interplanetary Postal Essays-1962: labels made by Modern Publications, St. Catherine's, Ontario, Canada.
Interpostal seals: circular adhesive labels used in Egypt to seal bundles of mail destined for one destination, may be considered a cinderella or label, 1864-90; also used in German states, Austria and the Netherlands.
Inter-Provincials: stamps issued by provinces which later became federated; permitting the use of each territory's stamps in other territories of the federation.
Interrompu: (Fr.) broken
Interrotto: (It.) broken.
Interrupted Die Cut: a die cut in which the continuous series of small peaks and valleys is interrupted by a wide valley or straight edge. This usually occurs on the shorter side of a rectangular stamp. Interrupted flight: in-flight problem resulting in unplanned landing; flight continued later by same aircraft or another aircraft to destination.
Interrupted flight covers: crash covers.
Interrupted mail: any form of mail that was not delivered as planned.
Interrupted perforation: some of the perforated punched holes intentionally omitted; used on Dutch stamps and U.S. privately perforated coil stamps.
Intersol, Kingdom of: stamps created to advertise book "Musrum."
Interspazio: (It.) gutter.
Intervalle: (Fr.) space, gap between two stamps.
Intervalo: (Sp.) space, gap between two stamps.
Intervencion: (Sp.) censorship (of mail).
Intervencion-Reembolsos: (Sp.) postmark for supervision of C.O.D. mail.
Intl: abbreviation for international.
Intra-city posts: served the local community by taking mail to and from the post office and delivering letters between correspondents in the same area; same as local posts.
Introductory commission: British term for finders fee; a fee paid to an individual for referring philatelic material for direct sale to a philatelic dealer, or for consignment to a philatelic auctioneer.
Intruccion: Venezuela.
Intyg: (Swed.) certificate.
Inutilizado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen cancelled.
Inv.: auction catalog abbreviation for inverted.
Invalidated: no longer valid for postal use.
Invalidated stamps: stamp which is not longer valid for the prepayment of postage; in 1861 Congress declared all U.S. postage stamps obsolete to prevent them from being used by the Confederacy.
Inventaire restant: (Fr.) remainder.
Inverrgarry & Fort Augustus Railway: Scotland railway local post.
Inversé: (Fr.) inverted.
Invert: usually a multicolored stamp in which one of the colors or the design has been printed upside down; for example, the 24 cents air mail issue of 1918 in which the airplane, printed in blue, is upside down.
Inverted center: stamp in which the central design is upside down in relation to the frame of the stamp.
Inverted frame: a stamp in which the frame is upside down in relation to the rest of the design or the watermark.
Inverted Jenny: U.S. 1918 24-cent air mail error, Scott C3a.
Inverted overprint: an overprint that, when looking at a stamp in its normal position, the overprinted letters are upside down.
Inverted surcharge: a surcharge that, when looking at a stamp in its normal position, the overprinted letters are upside down.
Inverted Swan: Australia stamp with frame inverted issued in 1855.
Inverted watermark: since the watermark is the first marking the paper receives, the watermark can not be inverted, only the printing can be inverted or sideways.
Invertido: (Sp.) inverted.
Invertito: (It.) tete-beche pair.
Invio a scelta: (It.) on approval.
Invisible gum: colorless and tasteless gum on the reverse of a stamp.
Involute postmark: a flag cancel where the flag has three pronounced folds rather than the ordinary type.
Invtd: auction abbreviation for Inverted.
Ionian Islands: off the west coast of Greece, consists of Cephalonia, Corfu, Ithaca, Kythera, Lefkas, Paxos, and Zante; currency: 100 oboli - 1 penny, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 lepta = 1 drachma, 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1800: known as the Republic of Seven Islands, 1807-14: French control, French postal service used various handstamps, 1809: protection of Great Britain, 1815: became the United States of Ionia, under British control 1859, May 15: No.1, 1/2 penny orange, set of three stamps issued; orange for letters, blue for inter-island mail, and lake for mail to the mainland Greece, 1864, June 28: ceded to Greece, Greek stamps used, 1923: Italy occupied Corfu, issued Italian stamps overprinted Corfu, 1941: Italians occupied Cephalonia and Ithaca; had Greek stamps overprinted "Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca,," 1941: Greek stamps overprinted "Corfu," 1941-43: Italian stamps overprinted "Isole Jonie" for other islands, 1943: Germans took over islands and used Greek stamps except for handstamp overprint for island of Zante, 1945: islands restored to Greece.
Ioniennes (Iles): (Fr.) Ionian Islands.
Ionikon Kpatoe: 1859; inscription for Ionian Islands under British administration.
Ionische Inseln: (Ger.) Ionian Islands.
Ioniske Øerne: (Dan.) the Ionian Islands.
Ion. Pie.: inspection postale (Fr.) applied to undelivered letter opened to find sender's name and address, 1790.
I.O.V.R.: inscription/overprint Romania postal tax, 1948.
Iowa: U.S. territory July 4, 1838, state Dec. 28, 1846; cut from Wisconsin Territory.
IPM: International Postcard Market; postcard catalogue
I.P.N.: Indian Postal Note, fiscal commission on due notes.
I.P.O.: Chinese post office security marking applied to the corner of foreign postage.
I Polska Wystawa Marek: overprint on stamps of Poland for White Cross Society, semipostal.
I P S A: Independent Postal System of America, founded on February 14, 1968, as an alternate to the USPS.
I.P.S. Special Delivery: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
IPSJSIC: International Philatelic Society of Joint Stamp Issues Collectors.
IPX International: local, strike post, Canada, 1979-83.:
Iquique: Peru overprint on stamps of Chile, Chilean Occupation.
Ír: (Hung.) Irish.
I.R.: 1: Inland Revenue, Great Britain, 1882-1904. 2: Imperiale Reales, Imperial Royal, pre-adhesive postmark. 3: U.S. for Internal Revenue, 1898.
I.R.A.: Irish Republican Army.
Irak: (Sp., Swed.) Iraq.
Irakisk: (Swed.) Iraqi.
Iraklion: formerly Candia, Crete.
Iran: western Asia on Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, formerly called Persia, aka Islamic Republic; currency: 20 shahis = 1 kran, 10 krans = 1 toman, 100 centimes = 1 franc = 1 kran (1881), 100 dinars = 1 rial (1933), 100 rials = 1 pahlavi, 100 rials = 1 toman 1867-1923: Indian post offices in Iran used Indian stamps, 1868: No.1, 1 shahi dull violet, first stamps issued, 1877, Sept. 1: joined the UPU, 1902: first official stamp issued, 1909-18: Russian post offices operated in northern Persia, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1935, March 21: became known officially as Iran, 1948, Jan. 30: first semipostal stamp issued, 1980, April 18-Feb. 24, 1981: U. S. embargo on Iranian imports, including stamps of Iran.
Iraniennes: inscription used on stamps of Iran (Persia); 1935-37.
Iraq: western Asia, former Turkish provinces of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, known as Mesopotamia; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee, 1,000 fils = 1 dinar (1932) 8th and 9th centuries BC: Assyrian royal post operated, 1863: Turkish stamps used, 1868: British Indian post offices opened. 1917-18: stamps of India overprinted I.E.F. during British mandate, 1917: September 1, Stamps of Turkey overprinted "Baghdad / in British Occupation," 1918, Sept. 1: stamps of Turkey overprinted "Iraq / in British Occupation" replacing previous overprints, 1919, February, fiscal stamps of Turkey overprinted "Postage / I.E.F. 'D'" for joint British /Indian forces, 1920: mandated to Great Britain, mandate ended in 1932, first official stamp, 1921, August 23: became a kingdom under British mandate, but not fully independent, 1923: No.1, 1/2 anna olive-green, first official stamp under British mandate, 1929, April 22; joined the UPU with Kuwait, 1932: became independent from League of Nations mandate under British administration, named a kingdom, 1933: issued "Air Mail Letter Card," 1949, Feb.1: first air mail, and semipostal stamps issued. 1958, July 14: "Republic of Iraq" overprint, monarchy overthrown, 1993: postal savings bank stamps used as regular stamps, 1993: first local post stamps issued in Kurdistan, 1997, June: "We Say Yes Saddam" overprint for referendum, 2003, March 19: U.S. invasion of Iraq, 2004, June 28: named Republic of Iraq.
Iraq in British Occupation: 1918, overprint on stamps of Turkey, British occupation of Mesopotamia, Iraq issue.
Iraq Railway Stamps: Baghdad-Basra Railway opened Jan. 15, 1920and is known to have used inscriptions "Label" which was changed to "Stamp."
Irbit: local post, Russian Zemstvo,1874-1914.
IRC: International Reply Coupon.
Ir. du Nord: (Fr.) Northern Ireland.
Ireland: island in North Atlantic ocean, west of Great Britain; Official name of postal administration: AN Post Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 pence= 1 pound (1971), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1670: Dublin dated mark introduced, 1773-74: Dublin Penny Post started, 1784: Irish Post office separated from the British Post Office, 1831: combined with British Post office, 1840, 6 May: British first adhesive stamps used, 1921, 6 December: Irish Free State proclaimed, 1922-prior: used overprinted British stamps, 1922, 17 February: No. 1, 1/2 penny green, named Irish Free State (Eire), first stamps issues with "Rialtas Sealdac na Héireann 1922", (Gaelic) Provisional Government of Ireland, 1922, December: first definitives appeared inscribed Eire, and overprint "Saorstat Éireann 1922" (Free State of Ireland 1922), 1923, 6 September: joined the UPU, 1924, May: first air mail service to Great Britain began as an experiment, 1925: first postage due stamp issued, 1948: withdrew from British Commonwealth, first air mail stamp issued, 1949: became Republic of Ireland, 2002: stamps in Irish pounds valid through 31 December 2002, then reverted to Euro.
Ireland: see: Aer-Phost, Northern Ireland.
Ireland: (Sinn Fein) bogus propaganda label, 1907.
Ireland, Free: propaganda labels for a united Ireland produced by Price & Co. of Ireland.
Ireland, Northern: 1840: used British adhesive postage stamps, 1875, 1 July: joined the UPU as a Great Britain Overseas Territory, 1921: six counties known as Ulster remained part of the United Kingdom, rest of Ireland became a Republic, 1958, 18 August-1969: No. 1, 3 pence dark purple, Great Britain regional stamps inscribed "Postage Revenue" except for Machin issues, 1971: Machin regional issues.
Irian Barat: West Irian, Irian Barat, (West New Guinea); 1962, Oct. 1: former Netherlands New Guinea became a territory under UN Temporary Executive Authority, stamps of Netherlands New Guinea overprinted "UNTEA," 1963, May 1: overprint and inscription on stamps of Indonesia, 1973: used stamps of Indonesia.
Irian Jaya: also known as West New Guinea. see Netherlands East Indies.
Irlirsk: (Dan.) Irish.
I.R. Iran: Iran.
Irish Connection (Icon): United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Irish Republican Army (I.R.A.): 1922, July: three values issued for use in Cork.
Irish Republic P.O.: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Iris, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for middle or upper Danube lines.
Irland: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Ireland.
Irlanda: (It., Sp.) Ireland.
Irlande: (Fr.) Ireland.
Irländsk: (Swed.) Irish.
IranQ: supposed federation of Iran and Iraq, spoof issue.
I.R. Official: (Inland Revenue) 1882-1904; overprint on stamps of Great Britain for official use.
Iron Curtain countries: nations considered by the military, political, and ideological barrier established between the Soviet bloc and Western Europe between 1945-1990.
Iroquois Federation: parody or spoof from Punch magazine.
Irország: (Hung.) Ireland.
Irradiated: radiation process used in 2001 to sanitize mail due to possible contamination from anthrax spores.
Irregolar: (It.) irregular.
Irregular block: block, not square, but description must contain number of stamps in block.
Irregular perforations: perforations where the holes are not aligned, are different sizes, are misplaced or are in any manner, abnormal.
Irréprochable: (Fr.) perfect.
Irsk: (Dan., Nor.) Irish.
Irské more: (Czech.) Irish Sea.
Irsko, irsky: (Czech.) Ireland, Irish (adj.).
I.S.: 1: Inspector of Sheep, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: Inland Section. 3: precedes the country code such as IS-128, Iceland
Isabella, Geo. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Iscrizione: (It.) inscription.
Ishkeria, Republic of: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
I.S.J.P.: International Society for Japanese Philately.
Iskenderun: also known as Alexandretta, Turkey.
Irské More: (Czech.) Irish Sea.
Irsko: (Czech.) Ireland.
Irsky: (Czech.) Irish.
Isla Cristina: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937-38.
Isla de Cuba: Cuba under Spanish administration.
Isla de mas Afuera: (Sp.) Farther Away Island, Chile overprints for an island housing prisoners, 1909.
Isla de Pascua: Chile, Easter Island.
Islamique: (Fr.) Islamic.
Islamique de Mauretanie: Mauritania. 1960: issued commemorative, air mail stamps, 1961: issued official, postage due stamps, 1962: issued semi-postal stamps.
Islam Republic Chechnia: overprint on stamps of Russia for an unrecognized breakaway area.
Island: Iceland.
Islandia: (It., Sp.) Iceland
Islande: (Fr.) Iceland.
Islandsk: (Dan, Nor.) Icelandic.
Islas de Juan Fernandez: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Chile for Juan Fernandez Islands, 1910.
Islas del Atlántico: (Sp.) Azores.
Islas Galapagos: (Sp.) Ecuador; Galapagos Islands.
Islas Malvinas: (Sp.) Argentine name for Falkland Islands.
Islas Virgenes: (Sp.) Virgin Islands.
Isle of Man: in Irish Sea, off Northwest coast of England; 1840, May 6: used stamps of Britain, 1958, Aug. 18: British Regional issues, 1973, July 5: Isle of Man (Bailiwick) Dependency issues, semi-autonomous, 1973: first commemorative, postage due issue.
Isle of Man: (Poste Manninagh) British local, 1971.
Isle of Man Authorized: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Isle of Wight: United Kingdom local for rocket mail, 1934.
Isle of Wight Central Railway: British local post.
Isle of Wight Railway: British local post.
Isles of Shoals: Atlantic Ocean, off Portsmouth, N.H.; had a summer post office operating 1914-1917.
Islington Emergency: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ismailia: Egypt, see Interpostal Seals, 1867-84.
ISÖ: Sweden bogus local post for island in Baltic Sea, 1980?
ISO: International Standards Organization.
Isola di Man: (It.) Isle of Man.
Isola Italiana di Paxo Anno XIX: privately applied overprint on stamps of Greece, WW II.
Isolé: 1: (It.) island. 2: (Fr.) single..
Isole Italiane dell'Egeo: (It.) overprint on stamp of Italy for use in the Aegean Islands, 1930-40; see Aegean islands.
Isole Jonie: 1941-43; overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation for Ionian islands, 1943: occupied by Germany, used Italian overprints with additional marking "Ellas" (Greece).
I.S.P.P.: Italia Servizio Publico (It.) Italian Public Service.
Israel: see: Agorot.
Israel: western Asia, borders on Lebanon and Syria; official name of postal administration: Israel Postal Authority currency: 100 mils = 1 pound (1949), 1,000 prutot = 1 pound (1960), 100 agorot = 1 shekel (1980) 1948, May 14: nation established, 1948, May 16: No.1, 3 mils orange, first stamp issued, 1948, May 28: first postage due stamp issued, 1948, June 1-June 1967: stamps of Egypt overprinted Palestine, 1949, Dec. 24: joined the UPU, 1950, June 25: issued air mail stamps, 1951, Feb. 1: issued official stamps, 1965: Jan. 15: special stamp used by Indian contingent of UN forces in Gaza.
Israël: (Fr.) Israel.
Israele: (It.) Israel
Issue: 1: act of a new stamp, or series of stamps, being released by a postal authority. 2: (Fr.) commemorative (stamp). 3: term for a related group of stamps. 4: a released stamp. 5: the number of stamps in an "edition" may be called an issue of "x" amount.
Issued (Non): a catalog term for a prepared stamp that has not been issued for various reasons.
Istan: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Istanbul: formerly Constantinople, Turkey.
Isthmus of Panama: UPU permitted a surcharge on mail traveling this route in 1881-2.
Istra: Yugoslavia Croatia local overprint; c 1993.
Istra Slovensko Primorje (Slov.) and Istria Littorale Sloveno (It.): bilingual inscription of stamps for the Istria and the Slovene Coast (It. Venezia Giulia) Occupation Zone "B," 1945 - 47.
Istria: at head of the Adriatic Sea; 1813 - 1918: Austria, 1918 - 20: Italian occupation, 1921 - 43: annexed to Italy, 1943 - 45: R.S.I., Repubblica di San Marino (It.) Italian Social Republic, 1945, June: occupied by Yugoslavia, stamps of Italy (RSI) overprinted by "ISTRA," 1945, July 15: first stamps Ljubljana Printing, second Zagreb Printing, third Belgrade Printing, 1945 - 47: overprint on stamps of Italy "Vojna Uprava Jugoslavenske Armije" for the Slovene Coast and Istria, part of Zone B occupied by Yugoslavia, see Istra Slovensko Primorje, 1945: AMG stamps used in Poland only, other stamps withdrawn, stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Porto" for postage due, 1945: became part of Yugoslavia.
Istria Littorale Sloveno: Yugoslavia occupation, issues for Istria and the Slovene Coast, 1945-47.
Istrien: (Dan.) Istria.
Istriensk: (Dan.) Istrian.
ISWSC: International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors.
I.T.: Idaho, Indian, Indiana or Iowa territory.
Ita Karjala: "East Karelia Military Occupation" Eastern Karelia overprint on stamps of Finland, 1941-43.
Italia: (It., Nor., Sp.) Italy.
Italiana, Repubblica Sociale (RSI): inscription on stamps of the Italian Social Republic, 1944 - 45.inscription on stamps of the Italian Social Republic, 1944.
Italian Austria: part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire taken by Italy during WW I; included Trentino (Venezia Tridentina), city of Trieste, Slovene Coast, the Istrian Peninsula, and part of Dalmatia (Italian name: Venezia Giulia); 1918-19: occupation stamps issued by Italy, 1918: stamps of Austria overprinted "Regno d'Italia Venezia Giulia 3.XI.18" for use in Venezia Giulia (including Trieste), 1919: stamps of Italy overprinted "Venezia Giulia," 1919: stamps of Italy surcharged for general use.
Italian Colonies: currency: 100 centesimi - 1 lira 1932, July 11: No.1, 10 centesimi gray-black, issued regular, air mail, semipostal stamps for general use in their colonies, stamps of Italy, but in different colors and overprinted "Poste Coloniali Italiane" and "Coloniali Italiane." 1934: specialized stamps ceased.
Italian East Africa: eastern Africa on Red Sea and Indian Ocean, Italian occupied territories, 1936: colony formed; included Ethiopia, former colonies of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, 1938-42: consisted of Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Italian Somaliland; replaced issues of three separate territories, 1938, Feb. 7: No.1, 2 centesimi red-orange, issued first stamps, air mail stamps,1940: issued semipostal stamps, 1941: issued postage due stamps, 1942; Ethiopia issued own stamps when British forces retook area; placed Eritrea and Italian Somaliland under military administration and restored Ethiopia, retook British protectorate of Somaliland; see Afars and Issas, Benadir, Djibouti, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian Somaliland
Italiane dell’Egeo: (It.) Italian Aegean Islands.
Italian lira: currency unit of San Marino and Vatican.
Italian Occupation of Aegean Islands (Dodecanese); 1912: stamps of Italy overprinted "Egeo," 1930: stamps of Italy overprinted "Isole Italiane Dell'Egeo."
Italian Occupation of Austria: 1918-19: stamps of Austria, issued in Trieste, overprinted for use in Trentino; Austrian and Italian stamps for use in Calchi, Calino, Coo, Lero, Lisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Miscopi, Rhodes, Scarpanto, Simi, Stampalia and Venezia Giulia, 1919, Jan. 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1919-20: stamps of Italy surcharged for use in all areas, 1921-22: stamps of Italy surcharged for use in the Zara region of Dalmatia, which became an Italian enclave in Yugoslavia.
Italian Occupation of Corfu: 1923, Sep. 30: stamps of Italy overprinted "Corfu," 1941, June 5: stamps of Greece overprinted "Corfu," also air mail, postage due.
Italian Occupation of Dalmatia: 1919, May 1: stamps of Italy surcharged for occupation; later Zara annexed to Italy.
Italian Occupation of Ethiopia: 1936: stamps issued inscribed "Etiopia," see Italian East Africa.
Italian Occupation of Fiume - Kupa Zone: 1944: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Zona Occupata Fiumano Kupa" and "Zofk," surcharged "Memento Audere Semper."
Italian Occupation of Ionian Islands: 1941: stamps of Greece overprinted "Italia Occupazione Militare Italiana Isole Celefonia e Itaca" and "Isole Jonie."
Italian Occupation of Ljubljana (Lubiana, Laibach); 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "CO.Ci" Commissariato Civile , Civil Commission, for western half of Slovenia.
Italian Occupation of Montenegro: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Montenegro 17-IV-4-XIX."
Italian Occupation of Saseno: island off the coast of Albania; 1923: "Saseno" overprint on stamps of Italy.
Italian Occupation of Slovenia: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "R. Commissariato Civile Territori Sloveni Occupati Lubiana."
Italian Occupation of Trans-Jubaland: 1925, July 29: stamps of Italy overprinted "Oltre Giuba" (Italian Trans-Jubaland).
Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca: 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italians who occupied lonian Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca.
Italian Offices in Africa: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1910) 1901-11: first stamps issued at Italian post office, Ottoman Empire, 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Tripoli di Barberia," 1910: stamps of Italy with surcharge "Bengasi" and 1 Piastra, 1912: Libyan issues used, now spelled Banghazi, Libya. 1912, Oct.: ceded by Turkey; known as Colony of Libia; later Libya.
Italian Offices in Albania: 1902: stamps of Italy overprinted / surcharged "Albania."
Italian Offices in China: currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1901: Italian stamps used by legation protection troops after the Boxer Rebellion, 1917, Sept. 1: "Pechino" overprint on stamps of Italy for Peking, postage due stamp, 1917, Sept.: "Tientsin" overprint on stamps of Italy for Tien-Tsin, first postage due stamp issued, 1920, March 11: post offices officially opened for civilians; stamps of Italy used, 1922, Dec. 31: post offices closed.
Italian Offices in Constantinople: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Constantinopoli," 1922: stamps of Italy overprinted for postage due.
Italian Offices in Crete: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1906) 1900: stamps of Italy with surcharge "La Canea."
Italian Offices in Durazzo: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Durazzo."
Italian Offices in Janina: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Janina."
Italian Offices in Jerusalem: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Gerusalemme."
Italian Offices in Salonika: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Salonicco."
Italian Offices in Scutan: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Scutari di Albania."
Italian Offices in Smyrno: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Smirne."
Italian Offices in Turkish Empire: (Italian Levant); currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1869: Tripoli post office opened 1874: first general issue stamps from Italy used in Tripoli, Estero overprints, 1901, March 15: Benghazi post office opened, 1901: July: first stamps for Benghazi issued, 1901-14, 1921-23: stamps of Italy overprinted for Ottoman Empire: Bengasi, Albania, Constantinopli (Constantinople), Durazzo, Janina, Gerusalemme (Jerusalem), Salonicco (Salonika), Scutari di Albania, Smirne (Smyrna), Valona. Tripoli de Barberia (Tripolitania), and Levant, 1902: stamps of Italy surcharged "Albania," 1908, June 1: used stamps of Italian Post at Constantinople with surcharge, 1909, Dec. first stamps issued for Tripoli, 1912, Dec.: first stamps issued for Italian colony of Libya, 1922: first postage due stamp issued, 1923: Treaty of Lausanne ended post offices in Turkish Empire, 1923, Oct. 27: foreign post offices closed, 1923, Oct. 24: first stamps issued for Cyrenaica and Tripolitania.
Italian Post Offices Abroad: currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1874-89: Italian stamps overprinted "Estero" (Foreign) for use in Italian offices in Egypt, Eritrea, Tripolitania, Tunisia, Argentina, and Uruguay, 1924: Italian Offices in Crete, first postage due stamp issued.
Italian Offices in Valona: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Valona."
Italian Social Republic: 1943, Sep.15: formed new government for Northern area of Italy occupied by Germans; 1944: No.1, 25 centesimi deep green, stamps of Italy overprinted "Repubblica Sociale Italiana," 1944: issued special delivery, postage due, and parcel post stamps.
Italian Somaliland (Somalia Democratic Republic): former Italian colony in eastern Africa; currency: 4 besas = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 besas = 1 rupee (1922), 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1905, 1922), 100 centesimi = 1 somalo (1950), 100 centesimi - 1 somali shilling (1961), 1903, Oct. 12: first stamps of Italian protectorate issued named 'Benadir', issued by Benadir Company; also stamps of Italy overprinted 'Somalia' and 'Somalia Italiana', 1915: first semipostal issued, 1922: Benadir became Italian Somalia, 1926: Oltre Giuba added to Italian Somalia, 1934: first air mail stamp issued, 1936, June 1-1941: Ethiopia and Eritrea added to form Italian East Africa, 1938: stamps of Italian East Africa used, 1941: British control, administered by British until Nov. 21, 1949, 1942: M.E.F. (Middle East Forces) overprint on stamps of Great Britain, 1943: E.A.F.: (East Africa Forces) overprint on stamps of Great Britain, 1944: taken by British forces, 1945: placed under Italian administration as a United Nations Trust Territory, 1948, May 27: B.M.A. Somalia (British Military Administration Somalia), 1950, Jan.2: B.M.A. changed to B.A. 1950, April 1: U.N. Trust territory administered by Italy as the Trust Territory of Somalia, 1960, June 26: full independence, created independent Republic of Somalia; later became Somali Democratic Republic. 1960, July 1: former Italian colony merged with Somaliland Protectorate to form Republic of Somalia, 1969: after army coup, became Somali Democratic Republic.
Italianske Kolonier: (Dan.) Italian Colonies.
Italienske skibspost: (Dan.) Italian ship mail (ship post).
Italian States: issued their own stamps prior to unification in 1861; see Modena, Parma, Romagna, Roman States (Papal States), Sardinia, Tuscany, and Two Sicilies (Naples and Sicily). Rome was originally part of the Roman States and was incorporated into Italy in 1870.
Italian States-Lombardy-Venetia: see: Austrian Italy.
Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca: 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italians who occupied lonian Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca.
Italia Repubblicana Fascista Base Atlantica: overprint on stamps of Italy for use in Bordeaux, France from June 1940 to 1944.
Italic type: sloping type.
Italie: (Czech., Fr.) Italy.
Italien: (Dan., Ger., Swed.) Italy.
Italienische Kolonien: (Ger.) Italian Colonies.
Italienische Somaliland: (Ger.) Italian Somaliland.
Italiensk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Italian.
Italienske Kolonier: (Dan.) Italian Colonies.
Italiensk Post i Ægæ Øerne: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in the Aegean Islands.
Italiensk Post i Afrika: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in Africa.
Italiensk Post i Kina: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in China.
Italiensk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Italiensk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices Abroad.
Italiensk Stater: (Dan.) Italian States.
Italii: with "Poczta Polakich", for use by Polish Corps and refugees in Italy, WW II.
Italskie: (Czech.) Italian.
Italy: southern Europe; official name of postal administration: Poste Italiane currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira (plural lire) (1861), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1st century AD: oldest postal guide engraved on four silver goblets with names of relay stations between Cadiz and Rome, 4th century AD: oldest postal map shows postal routes from the Indus Valley to Britain, earliest postal regulation of the Roman Imperial postal network, 1850, June 1: provinces issued own stamps on same day as Austrian Empire, two different currencies, 1851, Jan.1: first stamps from Sardinia and Tuscany, 1852, Jan. 1: first stamps from Papal States, 1852, June 1: first stamps by Modena, Papal States, and Parma, 1858, Jan. 1: first stamps issued by Naples, and Sicily 1859, June 1: first stamps from Romagna, 1860, March 6: Modena joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 18: Parma joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 22: Tuscany joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 25: Romagna joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, Sept. 7: stamps issued for Naples by the Garibaldi regime, 1861, Feb. 15: stamps issued for Neapolitan provinces of Naples and Sicily, 1862, Feb. 24: first stamps for all Italy, 1863: issued postage due stamp, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1875: issued official stamp, 1915: issued semipostal stamp, 1917, May: issued air mail stamp. 1917: special delivery stamps overprinted for air mail flights on two air mail routes; Turin and Rome and between Naples and Palermo, 1918: stamps of Austria with surcharge as occupation issue, 1943, Sept. 17: stamps for Allied Military Government issued for Sicily, 1943, Sept. 23: stamps for Allied Military Government issued for Naples, 1943, Sept. 23: Mussolini proclaimed the Italian Social Republic at Salo on Lake Garda, 1943: "A.M.G." "Governo Militare Alleato" overprint on stamps of Italy for U.S. and G.B. military government, 1944-45: Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana) stamps for German-occupied north Italy, issued stamps, special delivery, parcel post and postage due stamps, 1944-52: stamps for territory of Campione used, 1946: named a republic; see A.M.G. F.T.T, A.M.G., B.L.P.
Italy: (c. Nazionaldi Liberazione) liberation local post, c1944.
Italy: "Cor Allt" (Corrieri Alta Italia) local post, 1944-45.
Italy: "GNR" (Guardia Nazional Repubblicana) overprint, local post, 1943-44.
Italy-Greece-Turkey-Rhodes: (Aerospresso Co) Greek air semi-official, 1926.
Ithaca: Ionian island occupied by Italians; 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece, 1943: German occupation "Zante" stamp issue.
Itrabo: local post, Spanish Civil War Republican, 1937.
ITU: United Nations inscription for International Telecommunications Union; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1965; common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1965.
I-u-ka, Miss paid 5 cts: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Iulie: (Rom.) July.
Iuni: (Rom.) Monday.
Iunie: (Rom.) June.
IUTS: local, Ontario, Canada, Inter-University Transit System, Canada, late 1970s.
Ivano Frankovsk: formerly Stanislav, USSR.
Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Iver Bucks: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ives & Judd Match Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ives Matches: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ives, P. T.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ivigtut: bogus local post from Greenland.
Ivory Coast: (Côte d'Ivoire); formerly part of French West Africa, west coast of Africa. currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1862-71: French Colonies General issue as Assinie, 1892: No.1, 1 centime black on lilac-blue, 1904: stamps inscribed "Afrique Occidentale Francaise," 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1931: "Cote d'Ivoire" overprint, 1940: first air mail stamp, 1945-59: stamps of French West Africa used, 1958, Dec. 4: became an autonomous republic, 1959, Mar. 26: proclamation of independence, 1959, Oct. 1: inscription "Republique de Cote d'Ivoire," 1961, May 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Jan. 1: first official stamp issued. Many new issues supposedly issued by the republic’s post office are illegal as reported by the UPU.
Ivory Head: term for the 2-pence blue British stamps of 1847-1857where chemical action blued the paper under lightly inked portions. see: Blued, Blue safety paper.
Ivory paper: glazed white paper.
IWOG: auction catalog abbreviation for issued without gum.
IWY: United Nations inscription for International Women's Year.
Ixtlahuaca: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Izbica: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Izmail: local overprint, Ukraine, 1993.
Izmir: formerly Smyrna, Turkey.
Izmir Enternasyonal Fuari: (Turk.) inscription for Izmir International Fair.
Izmir Himayei Etfal Cemiyeti: Turkey, tax stamps, 1933.
Ixnate: local post, Spanish Civil War Nationalist, 1937.