of Stamp Collecting Terms
U: 1: Scott Catalog number prefix for Envelope or
Letter Sheet. 2: auction abbreviation term for Used. 3: Udine (It.)
pre-adhesive postmark 4: Ungarn (Ger.) Hungary. 5. prefix letter by the U.S. Bank Note Company in front of the plate number.
UA: 1: Unaddressed. 2: auction abbreviation for used abroad.
U.A.E.: see United Arab Emirates.
U.A.E.: overprint on stamps of Abu Dhabi.
Syria. 3: (with value in "m"and "f") Egypt. 4: with
Official; United Arab Republic, Egypt.
Ućgte: (Dan.) false, forgery, counterfeit, see Forfalskning.
U.A.R.: 1: see United Arab Republic, 2: (with value in "p")
Uasta: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, see Interpostal
Ubangi-Shari (Chad): Western Africa, north of the Equator; currency:
100 centimes = 1 franc 1910: French Congo divided into the three colonies
of Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubango-Shari, and named “French Equatorial
Africa,” 1915: No.1, 1 centime olive-gray and brown, stamps of Middle
Congo overprinted “Oubangui-Chari-Tchad,” 1916: first semipostal
stamp issued, 1922: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted “Oubangui-Chari,”
1924: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted “Oubangui-Chari”
and “Afrique Equatoriale Française,” 1928: postage
due stamps of France overprinted, “Oubangui-Chari /A.E.F”
1934: became a single administrative unit including Chad, see
Central African Republic.
Ubeda: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican
Überbreite marken: (Ger.) oversize stamps; unusually
Uber Christkindl: label sold in Austria for mail from the town
of Christkindl at Christmas.
Überdrucken: (Ger.) surcharge.
Überdruck: (Ger.) overprint.
Übergehender stempel: (Ger.) cancel tying stamp to
Überrandug: (Ger.) very large margins.
Überroller (oberroller): (Ger.) an item of mail caught
in transit during a military campaign and subsequently delivered, usually
with censor markings of the occupying power.
Übersenden: (Ger.) forward.
Überzogenes Papier: (Ger.) coated paper.
U-Boot marke: (Ger.) U-boat stamps.
Ubrugt: (Dan.) mint, hinged.
Ubrugt uden gummi: (Dan.) unused, no gum.
Ubrugt uden hćngsel: (Dan.) mint, never hinged.
Ubrukt: (Nor.) mint, hinged.
UBSV- Ukrainscher-Briefmarken-Sammler-Verein: (Ger.) Ukraine
Stamp Collector Group; located in Austria.
UC: 1: Scott Catalog number prefix for Airmail Envelope or Letter
Sheet. 2: Upper Canada, pre-adhesive postmark.
UCAK ILT: inscription on etiquette, by air, Turkey.
UCAK Postalari: (Turk.) inscription on Turkey, air mail.
Ucceilo: (It.) birds (thematic).
U.C.Co.: local post, Upper Columbia Tramway. and Navigation Co.,
Canada, carried mail by steamboat, 1898.
UCIA: (on vertically cut half stamp) St. Lucia.
Uckfield Post: United Kingdom postal strike: local post 1971.
UCM: Scott Catalog number prefix for Military Airmail Envelopes
(U.S. RF overprints).
Ucrain: (Rom) Ukraine.
Ucraina: (It.) Ukraine.
Ucrania: (Sp.) Ukraine.
Ucrainian: (Rom) Ukraine, Ukrainian (adj.).
UCS, UT: Unitrade Specialized Canada Catalog
Udbedret: (Dan.) repaired.
UDC: Undated Circular Cancel
Uden: (Dan.) without.
Udgave: (Dan.) stamp issue.
Udgavedata: (Dan.) issue date.
Udine: city in Italy, local post, 1918.
Udland: (Dan.) overseas areas, foreign countries.
Udmurtia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps,
Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
U.D.P.: (It.) Ufficio della Posta (Post Office Official)
Udstilling: (Dan.) exhibition.
Udvalg: (Nor.) selection.
UE: Scott Catalog number prefix for Special delivery Envelope (Hawaii).
UEPT: European Union of Posts and Telecommunications; started by
Germany on Oct. 19, 1942 for the European countries it occupied during
UF: 1: Scott Catalog number prefix for Registration Envelope (Canal
Zone). 2: Ufficio Francese (It.) French Post Office. 3: Union Française
(Fr.) French Union.
Ufficiale: (It.) official.
Ufficiale postale: (It.) post office.
Ufficioso: (It.) unofficial.
Ufrankeret: (Dan.) not franked (with stamps), unfranked, without stamps, stampless.
Ufulu: (Independence) with "Malawi", issued July 1964.
U.G.: (with value) Uganda Protectorate, 1895.
U.G.A.I.: Ungummed as Issued.
Uganda: : in East Africa at the Equator; currency: 50 cowries =
4 pence, 16 annas = 1 rupee = 200 cowries (1896), 100 cents = 1 Ugandan
schilling (1962) 1890, May: Imperial British East Africa Company administered
the area, 1895, July 1: declared a British Protectorate, 1895-96: No.1,
10 cowries black, first issues were typewritten produced by a missionary,
Rev. E. Millar, 1898: stamps pictured Queen Victoria inscribed Uganda
Protectorate, 1901, April: joined the UPU, 1902: postal services of British
East Africa and Uganda were merged, stamps of “British East Africa”
overprinted “Uganda,” 1903: stamps inscribed “East Africa
and Uganda Protectorates,” 1922: stamps inscribed “Kenya and
Uganda,” 1935: inscribed “Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika,”
1962, Oct. 9: stamps inscribed “Uganda” as independent member
of the British Commonwealth, 1964, Feb. 13: joined the UPU, 1967, Jan.
3: first postage due stamp, 1998, Jan. 18: first semipostal stamp; see
Kenya, Kenya-Uganda, Tanganyika and Tanzania.
Uganda, East Africa, Kenya: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
Uganda, Kenya: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
Ugummieret: (Dan.) (unused stamp) without gum, no gum.
Ugyldig: (Nor.) invalid
U.H.: overprint on stamps of Ecuador, late fee tax.
Uhersko: (Czech.) Hungary.
Uhersky: (Czech.) Hungarian.
Uhisabi: Charity on Estonian Christmas seals.
Uhuru 1963: Zanzibar.
Uhuru 9th Dec. 1961: overprint on stamps of Tanganyika.
Uitgave: (Dut.) issue.
Új Guinea: (Hung.) New Guinea.
Új Hebridák: (Hung.) New Hebrides.
Új Kaledonia: (Hung.) New Caledonia.
Újság: (Hung.) newspaper.
Újságposta: (Hung.) newspaper stamp.
Új Zéland: (Hung.) New Zealand.
UK: 1. United Kingdom, includes England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern
Ireland. 2. international postal code for Ukraine.
Ukendt: (Dan.) unknown.
Ukjent: (Nor.) unknown.
Ukraina: 1. inscription on stamps of Ukraine. 2. (Swed.) the Ukraine.
Ukraine: southeastern Europe, region of southwest Russia; official
name of postal administration: Ukrposhta currency: 200 shahiv = 100 koplyok
(kopecks) = 1 karbovanets (ruble), 100 shahiv = 1 hryvnia, 100 kopecks
= 1 ruble (1992), 100 kopiyka = 1 karbovanets (1992), 100 kopiyka = 1
hryvnia (1996) 1864: Zemstvos issued as a local stamp; 790 stamps in 39
Ukrainian towns, 1917: Russian Revolution, Ukraine used Russian stamps,
1918, Jan. 22: Ukrainian National Republic declared, 1918, July: No. 1
10 shahiv buff, first stamp, 1918, Aug. 20, republic, first overprinted
stamps denominated in Ukrainian currency, 1919, Apr.: 35K and 70K surcharge
issued by the Soviets in the Ukraine, 1919: Polish eagle and diagonal
overprints may be of private origin, 1920: printer's waste and unissued
sets exist, 1920, Aug. 26: military stamps for communications between
government in exile while in Poland and military units in field, 1920,
Nov.: formed into a Soviet Republic, stamps overprinted for the Ukrainian
National Army, 1921: handstamp “Vilna Ukraina / 1921" and “Doplata”
are of private origin, 1921: Trident stamps of Ukraine & Russia, Russia
Offices in Turkey, South Russia surcharged as “Deniken Issue;”
Trident overprints exist as local issues, 1923, June 25: issued semipostals
for Famine Relief, 1923: overprint “UPP” by Ukrainian government-in-exile
for Field Post never officially issued, 1923: absorbed into the USSR,
1941-43: “Ukraine” overprint on stamps of Germany for occupation
of Ukraine. 1947, May 13: joined the UPU, 1991, Dec. 8: joined with other
former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1991,
Dec. 26: Ukraine declared independent, 2001, Apr.1: registration stamp
Ukraine Antarctic Post: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local
overprint and stamps.
Ukraine, German Occupation: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ostland" for use in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, 1941.
Ukraine, Western: Post WW II, eastern Galicia, a portion of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was independent, 1918: stamps of Austria overprinted Ykp.H.P. and surcharged, 1919, May: stamps of Austria ovrprinted 3.Y.H.P. symbols of the Cryllic alphabet and initials of Western Ukrainian National Republic, became part of Poland.
Ukrainian Arctic Post: bogus Russian issue.
Ukrainian easter eggs: label design issued by the scouting organization.
Ukrainian Post: Cyrillic framed inside a stamp outline on postal
meter paper, applied in Kiev post offices, for use of exiles in captivity
in Regensburg waiting for repatriation, 1945.
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic: area part of Poland and Lithuania;
1918: proclaimed a republic, stamps were overprint of the trident emblem
on stamps of Russia, 1922: joined with other Soviet republics to form
the USSR, 1923: used stamps of the USSR, 1941: stamps of Germany overprinted
“Ukraine” during occupation, WWII-post: Ukraine acquired Bessarabla
and North Bucovina.
Ukrainien Forces in Bosien: bogus overprint on Russian stamps.
Ukrainien / Military / Contingent in Structure: bogus overprint
on pairs of Ukrainian stamps.
Ukrainsk: (Swed.) tUkrainian.
Ukrainska Narodna Republica: (Ukraine) Ukraine People's
Ukrajina: (Czech.) the Ukraine.
Ukrajinsky: (Czech.) Ukrainian.
Ukrajna: (Hung.) Ukraine.
Ukrán: (Hung.) Ukrainian.
Ukrbat on Un Bosnia: bogus overprint on stamps of Ukraine.
U.K. Special Delivery Service: United Kingdom postal strike: local
U.K.T.T.: overprint on stamps of Nigeria, Southern Cameroons for
Uku Leta: (Haw.) paid letter, Hawaii.
UL: abbreviation for upper left.
Ulithi Atoll: bogus overprint on U.S. stamps for coral island in
the Caroline Islands, 1954.
Ulldecona: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican
Ulleberg Local Post: see Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post
Ulm: city in Germany, local post, Privat-Stadt-Brief-Verkehr, 1896-97.
Ulm-Donau: German displaced person camp, local post, 1950.
Ulster: see Northern Ireland.
Ultramar: 1: (Port.) specimen, overprint on examples of
stamps sent to the UPU. 2: (Sp.) overseas, inscription found on
stamps of Cuba; see Specimen. 3: (Sp.) Beyond the Sea; (with year)
(Sp.) Cuba, Puerto Rico. 4: (Sp.) Beyond the Sea;(with value
in avos) (Sp.) Macao, war tax stamps. 5: (Sp.) Beyond the
Sea; (with value in reis) (Sp.) Portuguese Guinea war tax stamps.
6: (Sp.) untramarine (color).
Ultramarin: (Dan., Nor., Swed., Rom.) ultramarine (color).
Ultramarinakt blĺ: (Swed.) ultramarinish-blue (color).
Ultramarin-cenusiu: (Rom.) grey-ultramarine (color).
Ultramarinakt djupblĺ: (Swed.) ultramarinish-deep blue (color).
Ultramarinakt grĺ: (Swed.) ultramarinish-grey (color).
Ultramarinakt violett: (Swed.) ultramarinish-violet (color).
Ultramarinblĺ: (Swed.) ultramarine-blue (color).
Ultramaringrĺ: (Dan., Swed.) ultramarine-grey (color).
Ultramarínová: (Czech.) ultramarine (color).
Ultramarinviolett: (Swed.) ultramarine-violet (color).
Ultra min: (Ger.) ultramarine (color).
Ultranarine(kék): (Hung.) ultramarine (color).
Ultraviolet (UV): lamp that gives off two different wave lengths-Shortwave
and Longwave. Shortwave UV light will highlight phosphor tagging, either
in the printing ink or the coating on a stamp. Longwave UV light will
spot fluorescence in the paper of a stamp or cover.
U/M: 1: unidad militar (Sp.) military unit, used by Cuban
personnel in Angola, 1985. 2: abbreviation for unmounted mint, never hinged.
Umändern: (Ger.) to alter.
Umbrabarna: (Hung.) umber-brown (color).
Umbuggianistan: hand drawn fantasy for bogus nation.
Umdruck: (Ger.) offset.
Umm al Quwain: Oman Peninsula on the Arabian Gulf; currency: 100
naye paise = 1 rupee, 100 dirham = 1 riyal (1967) 1964, June 29: No. 1
1 naye paise multicolor, 1965: first air mail stamp, 1965, Dec. 22: first
air mail official, first official, 1971, Dec. 2: as part of the United
Arab Emirates, six sheikdoms proclaimed independence, 1973, Jan. 1: used
stamps of United Arab Emirates; see Trucual States, United Arab
Umm Said: Qatar, 1956, Feb.-March 31, 1957: British operated a
postal service using the stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern
Arabia, Scott listed under Muscat and Oman.
Umrandung: (Ger.) frame, border.
Umschlag: (Ger.) cover, envelope.
UN: 1: United Nations. 2: abbreviation for unused
Unaddressed: cover which has no address.
Unappropiated dies: British term for fiscal stamp with space provided
in their design for their purpose to be filled in.
UNAVEM I, II and III: United Nations Angola Verification Missions
for withdrawal of Cuban troops, Norway and Sweden forces, Jan.1989 - March
Unbekannt: (Ger.) unknown.
Unbenutzt: (Ger.) unused.
Unc.: auction abbreviation term for uncirculated.
Uncat: abbreviation for uncatalogued.
Uncatalogued: known to exist, but not listed in the catalog,
UNCHE: United Nations Conference on the Human Environment
UNCRO: United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia,
May 1995-Jan. 1996.
Uncut press sheets: large sheets of two or more panes of stamps
that represent one turn, or half turn of the printing press.
Undantag: (Swed.) exception.
Undeliverable as addressed: mail that cannot be delivered s addressed
and must either forward to the addressee, return to sender, or send to
a mail recovery center.
Undeliverable mail: mail that cannot be delivered to as addressed.
Undenominated stamp: postage stamp with no indication of value,printed in anticipation of a postage rate increase.
Undercover addresses: see drop addresses.
Underfranked: a cover with an insufficient amount of postage to
prepay the service requested.
Underfrankerat: (Swed.) insufficiently franked.
Underinked stamps: cased by too little ink being applied to the
plate during printing; sometimes known as dry prints.
Underkant: (Nor.) lower edge.
Underpaid Mail: term used for US 5¢ fee charged
from July 1, 1958 to July 31, 1958 for short paid postage; used postage
Underprint: 1: a security device where a color, design or pattern
is printed on the paper before the stamp design is applied. 2: words or
figures printed on the back of a stamp; sometimes used to describe a design
printed on the front of the stamp.
Underwater Mail: first underwater post office was established
in Vanuatu, May 2003, open limited hours, with waterproof synthetic material
Underwood, Alex. & Co.: inscription on Match stamp; see Private
die proprietary stamps.
Undeutsche Undemokratische Republik: (Ger.) "Ungerman Undemocratic
Republic" inscription on forged stamps of East Germany by West Germany.
Undivided Back: postcard without the dividing line to
separate the message section from the address.
UNDOF: United Nations Disengagement Force in the Golan Heights,
March 1979 - Dec.1993.
Undtagelse: (Dan.) exception.
UNEF: 1: United Nations Emergency Forces 1 started in1956 in Egypt
after Egypt's nationalisation of the Suez Canal; consisted of DA(nmark)
and NOR(way) (DANOR) troops; Denmark 1956-67, Norway March 1959 - June
1967, Finland Dec. 1956 - Dec.1957, and Sweden March 1959 - June 1967.
2: United Nations Emergency Forces 2 back in Suez Canal area to supervise
the cease-fire after the Yom Kippur was in 1973; Finland Oct. 1973 - Aug.
1979, Sweden Oct. 1973 - April 1980.
UNEF: 1965; Children's Day stamp of the Republic of India overprint
for use by Indian forces with the United Nations Emergency Forces in Gaza.
Unemployed intellectuals stamps: French stamps issued 1935-1940
with a premium for unemployed intellectuals; Hungary issued similar stamps
in 1940 for unemployed artists.
UNESCO: 1: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization 2: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations,
UNESCO: inscription/surcharge on Afghanistan and France issues.
Unexploded: a booklet in the state in which it was sold by the
UNFICYP: United Nations Forces in Cyprus, Danish May 1964 - Dec.
1992, Finnish March 1964 - Oct. 1977, and Swedish forces March 1964 -
U.N. Force (India) Congo: 1962, Jan. 15: stamps of India overprinted
“UNEF” U.N. Emergency Force in the Congo and Gaza, for use
of Indian troops making up the United Nations forces.
U.N. Force W. Irian: Feb. 15, 1963: overprint on stamps of Pakistan
to be used as military stamps.
Ung.: (Ger.) Ungarn (Hungary). pre-adhesive postmark.
Ungaresc: Hungarian (adj.).
Ungarn: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Hungary.
Ungarnshjaelpen: Denmark overprint on stamps for Hungarian Refugees.
Ungarnsk: (Dan.) Hungarian.
Ungarnhilfe: Austria overprint on stamps for Hungarian Refugees.
Ungebraucht: (Ger.) mint, unused.
Ungebraucht ohne gummi: (Ger.) no gum, the stamp has no
sign of gum.
Ungefalzt: (Ger.) unhinged.
Ungeria: (It.) Hungary.
Ungeripptes papier: (Ger.) wove paper.
Ungern: (Swed.) Hungary.
Ungersk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Hungarian.
Ungestempeit: (Ger.) unused.
Ungezähnt: (Ger.) imperforate.
UNGOMAP: United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and
Pakistan, Denmark and Sweden, May 1998-March 1999.
Un-gültig: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, not
valid of postage.
Ungummed: stamps issued without any gum usually due to climatic
Ungummiert: (Ger.) ungummed.
Unhcr/UNRWA/1971: Bhutan air mail overprint for World Refugee Year.
Unhinged: stamps without any traces of hinge marks.
Uniao dos Atiradores Civis Porto Franco: Union of Civilian Riflemen
club inscription on stamps of Portugal, franchise issue.
UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund
Unico: (It., Sp.) unique.
Unido: (Sp.) a connected pair of strip of stamps.
Unie van Zuid Afrika: (Afrikaan) Union of South Africa.
Unificato: specialized catalogue of Italian area, including colonies,
UNIFIL: United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, Finland 1982,
Norway, 1978 and Sweden 1978.
Uniform Fourpenny Post: from Dec. 5, 1839 to Jan. 9, 1840, letters
posted in Britain were charged a uniform rate of 4d, instead of the postage
calculated by distance.
Uniform Penny Post: started in Great Britain in Jan. 1840, with
a basic rate of 1d per half ounce regardless of distance carried, and
discontinued in 1918.
UNIIMOG: United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group, Finland, Norway
and Sweden, Aug. 1988-Feb. 1991.
U.N. Interim Administration in Kosovo: issued March 14, 2000, service
local for first two months, then international usage.
UNIKOM: United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission, Denmark,
Finland, Norway and Sweden; April 1991- Jan. 196.
Union: 1: island in Grenadines of St. Vincent, stamps first issued
in 1976. 2: French produced bogus issue for Philippine islands.
Union City, Tennessee Paid 5: questionable; see Confederate
Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste Sovietiche: (It.) Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.).
Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas:
(Sp.) Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.).
Union de Republiques Socialistes Sovietiques: (Fr.) Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.)
Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste Sovietiche: (It.) Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.).
Union Express: private mail delivery serviced Ohio and Pennsylvania,
used labels, c1879.
Union Française Royaume du Laos: (Fr.) Laos.
Union Internationale des Telecommunications: Switzerland Official
stamps for International Telecommunications Union.
Union Island: part of the St. Vincent Grenadines; Do NOT confuse
with Union Islands. 1976, Sep. 23 and July 19, 1982: St. Vincent Grenadines
issued stamps inscribed Union Island, 1984, Mar. 29: No. 1 1 cent pair.
Union Jack: term for the flag of the United Kingdom,
Union Jack re-entry: on stamp L-K, plate no. 75 of the 1841 British
penny red, Die 1, doubling of the top corner "stars," making a 'Union
Union Match Co.: inscription on Match stamp; see Private die proprietary
Union of Myanmar: 2001 sheets that are illegal and not issued by
postal administration, UPU circular no. 428,, issued Nov. 25, 2002.
Union of P.O. Workers: United Kingdom postal strike: local post
Union of South Africa: South Africa, 1910-26. 1910, May 31: Cape
of Good Hope, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal incorporated in Union
of South Africa, 1910, May 31: each territory used its own stamps, 1910,
Aug. 18: government authorized use of valid postage and revenue stamps
of each territory throughout the Union, 1913, Sept. 1: first definitive
issue, 1938, Jan. 1: pre-Union stamps demonetized; see South Africa.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: (Soviet Union) existed from 1922
to 1991 and comprised 15 Soviet republics and hundreds of ethnic groups;
Union of South Africa: see South Africa.
Union Panamericano 1890-1926 Correo Aereo: (Sp.) PanAmerican
Union, Guatemala air mail.
Union Post: U. S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1846.
Union Postale Arabe: Libya, Arab Postal Union.
Union Postale del Salvador: (Sp.) El Salvador.
Union Postale Universelle - Helvetia: 1957; inscription for Switzerland
official stamps of the Universal Postal Union International Bureau.
Union Square Post Office: U. S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1852;
see Dunhams Post Office.
Union stamp: propaganda labels issued by the Irish nationalist
groups, sold to raise money for their cause.
Union Town, Ala. CSA Postage 2, 5, 10: see Confederate Postmasters'
Unionville, S. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
UNIPOM: United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission; Denmark,
Finland, Norway and Sweden, Sept. 1965-March 1966.
Unique: no other stamp like it.
Unissued stamp: a stamp that has been prepared for use but not
Unita - Angola: National Union for the Total Independence of Angola;
stamps supposedly issued by rebel movement in Angola but produced by a
United Arab Emirates: federation of six sheikdoms in Arabia, on
the border of the southern coast of the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, aka Trucial
States; currency: 1,000 fils = 1 dinar, 100 fils = 1 dirham (1973) 1971,
Dec. 2: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah and Umm al-Qiwain formed
the UAE with Ras al Khaima joining in Feb.1972, used own stamps, 1972,
Aug.: No.1, 5 fils multicolor, stamps of Abu Dhabi overprinted “UAE,”
used in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah, 1973, Jan. 1: first UAE stamp, 1973,
March 30: joined the UPU.
United Arab Republic: 1958, Feb.: union formed by Egypt and Syria,
1958, Mar. 22: stamps issued by Egypt for UAR, 1958, Oct. 6: stamps of
Syria overprinted “RAU,” 1958: No.1 12 ½ pence yellow
and green, Egypt and Syria linked design, 1961: Syria withdrew; Egypt
still uses the name, see Syria.
United Automobile Service: United Kingdom postal strike: local
United Carriage Co. Express: private parcel delivery serviced Ohio
and Pennsylvania, used a stamp.
United China Relief: labels, issued to raise funds, 1940s.
United Europe stamp: issued Sept. 15, 1956 in Belgium, France,
Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany to mark the European
Coal and Steel Community Conference held in Messina in June1955.
United Horan State: 1924 European cinderella used on private postcards
that did not go through the mail, part of Cooland and West Refaim.
United Ireland: fantasy from American Journal of Philately.
United Kingdom: consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;
see Great Britain.
United Kingdom, Regional Issues: see Guernsey, Isle of Man,
Jersey, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
United Nations (UN): stamps are sold in the UN Building in New
York, Geneva and Vienna and have postal validity throughout the world,
currency: United States in New York, Swiss in Switzerland, and Austrian
in Vienna 1945, Oct. 24: charter signed by 50 nations, 1950-69: used stamps
of Switzerland overprinted for Palais des Nations, 1951, Oct. 24: first
US stamp, No.1, 1¢ magenta, from New York City, 1969, Oct. 4: first
Swiss stamp, No. 1, 5 centimes purple and multi; from Geneva, 1979, Aug.
24: first Austrian No. 1, 50 groschen multicolored; from Vienna.
United Nations European Offices:1950: “Nations Unies Office
Europeen” overprint on stamps of Switzerland.
United Nations, Kosovo: currency: 100 pfennings = 1 mark
2000, Mar. 14: No.1, 20 pfennings multicolored issued by U.N. Interim
Administration Mission in Kosovo, 2002, May 2: denominations in Euros
United Nations, Offices in New York, Geneva, Kosovo, West New
Guinea, Vienna: 1951-current; found in the Scott Catalogue Volume
1 immediately after United States-Ryukyu Islands.
United Nations, West New Guinea: southwest Pacific Ocean,
western half of New Guinea; currency: 100 cents = 1 gulden 1962, Oct.1:
former Netherlands New Guinea became territory under the administration
of U.N. Temporary Executive Authority, 1963, May 1: Indonesian Administration
took over, 1962: stamps of Netherlands New Guinea overprinted “UNTEA.”
United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar: Tanzania. 1875, July
1: joined the UPU.
United Russia: inscription on stamps of South Russian Government
of General Denikin; 1918-19; see Russia, South.
United State of Saurashtra: near Bombay, India; 1948: formed by 217 states of Kathiawar Peninsula, 1949: No. 1, 1 anna deep claret, "Service" manuscript for offiicial use, 1956: became part oft heBombay State.
United State of Travancore-Cochin, India: 1949, July 1: stamps of Travancore and Cochin surcharged "Service" for official use.
United States Administration of Cuba: see Cuba.
United States Administration of Guam: see Guam.
United States Administration of Korea: 1946, February 1: stamps of Japan surcharged; see Korea.
United States Administration of the Canal Zone: 1904-79; see Canal Zone.
United States Administration of the Philippines: 1899: Philippines overprint on stamps of the United States, 1906, September 8: "Philippine Islands / United States of America" inscription on stamps of the Philippines; see Philippines.
United States Administration of Puerto Rico: 1898: handstamped square, aka The "Ponce" Issue and circle, aka the "Coamo" Issue; 1899: "Porto Rico" overprint on stamps of the United States; see Puerto Rico.
United States and Canada Express: private mail and parcel delivery
serviced New England and eastern Canada provinces, used labels, c1850s.
United States City Despatch Post: 1842-46, New York, NY; see
United States Code (USC): the official restatement of the
general and permanent laws of the United States; title 39 USC contains
laws relating to the USPS.
United States Envelope Company: manufacturer of stamped envelopes.
United States Express Company: private parcel delivery serviced
northern states New England to Denver, used corner cards, labels, stamps,
United States Military Rule of Korea: 1946, Jan. 1: stamps
of Japan surcharged, 1948, May 10: stamps for Republic of Korea issued;
see Korea, South
United States of America: North America, between Canada
and Mexico; Stamps of this country can be found in these catalogs: Brookman,
Michel, Sassone, Scott, Stanley Gibbons, Yvert et Tellier; Currency: 100
cents = 1 dollar. 1639: Mass. General Court appointed Richard Fairbanks
in charge of letters entering and leaving the colony by sea, 1660: New
Amsterdam, (re-named New York in 1664) erects mail box for outgoing mails,
1661: Virginia had a route where mail was carried from plantation to plantation,
1673, 1 January: mail service established between New York and Boston,
1683: William Penn (1644-1718), the founder of Pennsylvania, establishes
weekly mail services to Newcastle, Delaware, the only post office in the
colony until 1755, 1692: by acts of several Colonial Legislatures, various
postal rates dependent on distances for single sheet letters established,
1693, 1 May: Andrew Hamilton, based in New York, was appointed Deputy Postmaster
General of the colonies serving under the Master of the Royal Mint in
London, who was given the right to operate a postal system in North America,
1710: by Act of Parliament, various postal rates dependent on distances
established for the American colonies, 1753: Benjamin Franklin, Postmaster
of Philadelphia, was appointed U.S. Deputy Postmaster General, was able
to demonstrate a profit for the first time by establishing a penny post
in the larger cities, had a mail wagon service, and delivered all newspapers
for a fee, 1756, 15 March: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial
United States during the British period (pre-1776): unframed two-line “NEW
/ YORK”, 1764: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial
Philadelphia during the British period (pre-1776): unframed two line “PHILA
/ DELPHIA”, 1765: by an Act of Parliament, revised postal rates
dependent on distances established for the American colonies, 1765, 25
April: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial Georgia during
the British period (pre-1776): unframed straight line “SAVANNA”,
1766, 23 January: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial Connecticut
during the British period (pre-1776): unframed two-line “HART /
FORD”, 1776, 4 July: independence from Great Britain declared,
1776, 31 July: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial Maryland
during the British period (pre-1776): unframed two-line “ANNA /
POLIS”, 1769, 19 February: earliest recorded postal handstamp for
colonial Massachusetts during the British period (pre-1776): unframed
straight-line “BOSTON”, 1769, 19 June: earliest recorded
postal handstamp for colonial South Carolina during the British period
(pre-1776): unframed two-line “CHARLES / TOWN”, 1770, 25
January: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial Virginia during
the British period (pre-1776): unframed straight-line “WMS.BURG”,
1770, 2 July: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial North Carolina
during the British period (pre-1776): oval-framed “NEW- / BERN”,
1771, 1 July: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial Rhode Island
during the British period (pre-1776): unframed straight-line “NEWPORT”,
1772, 24 January: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial South
Carolina during the British period (pre-1776): unframed straight-line “George*Town*S
(space) JAN:24", 1772, 1 July: earliest recorded postal handstamp
for colonial Florida during the British period (pre-1776): unframed straight-line “PENSACOLA”,
1775, 24 February: earliest recorded postal handstamp for colonial New
Hampshire during the British period (pre-1776): unframed two-line “PORTSMOUTH
/ FEB: 24", 1775, 26 July: Postal Act passed by the Second Continental
Congress appoints Benjamin Franklin as Postmaster General, and began
operations of the Post Office under the Articles of Confederation, 1781:
first organization of the United States as an independent nation through
the Articles of Confederation, 1782: new U.S. Post Office Dept. designated
a government monopoly by federal legislation, 1782, 15 August: earliest
recorded postal handstamp including year, month and day dates; unframed
two-line “BALTIMORE / August 10, 1782", 1784, 2 June: North
Carolina offered portions of its Western regions to the Federal Government
because it was unable to administer or protect the territories. Although
the offer was withdrawn on 20 November, the counties of Washington, Sullivan
and Green independently organized the unofficial State of Franklin, which
included the cities of Greenville (the appointed capital) and Jonesboro,
and numerous smaller towns, in what now is the northeastern corner of
Tennessee. The State of Franklin was created in August 1784, and ceased
to exist on the last day of February 1788. The counties became part of
Tennessee, when the former Governor of Franklin, John Sevier, became
the first Governor of Tennessee. Postal history from the State of Franklin
is documented, 1787: final organization of the United States as an independent
nation being a Federal Republic by ratification of the Constitution,
1789: Samuel Osgood appointed first Postmaster General of the independent
United States of America, 1790, 19 April: earliest recorded postal handstamp
for colonial New Orleans during the Spanish period (1783-1803): single-ring,
two line NEUVA / ORLEANS”, 1799; Postmaser General Joseph Habersham
initiates first attempt by U.S. Post Office to standardize cancellation
devices by issuing brass 26 mm diameter circular date stamps to the postmasters
of twelve post offices: Georgetown Potomac (D.C.); Newark, Trenton (New
Jersey); Augusta (Georgia); Newburyport (Massachusetts); Newport, Providence
(Rhode Island); Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania); Alexandria, Fredericksburg,
Petersburg, Washington City (Virginia); 1800, 3 June: earliest recorded
postal handstamp for the territory of New Mexico during the Spanish period
(1517-1821): unframed straight-line “NUEVO MEXICO”. 1804,
19 February: earliest recorded postal handstamp for the Orleans territory
during the pre-territorial period (20 December 1803-30 September 1804):
single ring, two line “NUEVA / ORLEANS”. 1807, 13 September:
earliest recorded postal handstamp for Louisiana during the territorial
period (1 October 1894-30 April 1812): unframed straight-line “BALIZE”.
1834, 17 June: Earliest recorded postal handstamp for territory of California
during the Mexican period (1822-8 September 1848): unframed straight-line “FRANCO
ALTA / CALIFORNIA”, 1837, 7 November: earliest recorded use of
the word “Railroad” included in a postmark; the word is in
Old-English-type fonts, and is on a letter carried on the Albany (New
York)-based Mohawk & Hudson Railroad, 1838, 7 July: Act of Congress
legislates that all railroads within the current limits and future expansion
of the nation will be “postal routes” (at the time, the total
railroad track mileage was 1,913), 1841, 29 August: earliest recorded
postal handstamp for the territory of New Mexico during the Mexican period
(1821-1846): unframed single-line “N*Orleans*”. 1845, 3 March:
Act of Congress effective 1 July 1845 established revised domestic postal
rates, 5¢ for any distance under 300 miles, 10¢ for any distance
over 300 miles, 2¢ for drop letters and circulars, and 2-1/2¢ for
pamphlets and magazines. 1845, July: New York City Postmaster Robert
H. Morris issued the first of the local Postmaster Provisional postage
stamps; earliest recorded usage 15 July 1845. 1847, 3 March: Act of Congress
effective 1 July 1847 authorized the production of 5¢ and 10¢ federal
postage stamps, and declared illegal the use of the Postmaster Provisional
postage stamps, or any other postage stamp not authorized by the Postmaster
General. 1847, 1 July: printed by the Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson
Co., the first United States 5¢ and 10¢ postage stamps were
officially issued. The earliest recorded usage date for the 5¢ value
is 7 July 1847, and the earliest recorded usage date for the 10¢ value
is 2 July 1847. 1848, 14 August: U.S.Post Office Dept. Act. legislates
that letters conveyed to or from points on the Pacific Coast will be
charge 40¢ postage, and letters carried from one to any other place
in California will be charged 12-1/2¢. 1849, 5 March: unofficial
Territory of Deseret established in the Utah Territory by Brigham Young,
existed until 1862. Correspondence from the area, as well as from other
Utah areas settled by the religious group, is referred to as “Mormon” postal
history. 1849-58: fastest mail route between New York and California
was by packet boat via overland carriage in Central America, 1851, 3
March: Act of Congress legislates revised postal rates effective 30 June
1851, 1851: contract awarded to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co.
for production of the 1851 series of postage stamps; contract valid for
six years; but extended for additional four years to 10 June 1861, 1851,
1 July: 1847 5¢ and 10¢ issued declared invalid for postage
effective this date, being the only U.S. postage stamps declared invalid
after issuance, 1853, 1 July: first stamped envelope issued, printed
by George F. Nesbitt & Co., (New York) under contract, and sold to
the public at the postage value plus the cost of manufacture, 1855, 3
March: U.S.Post Office Dept. Act legislates that effective 1 April 1855
prepayment on domestic letters is compulsory, that prepayment on letters
to or from a foreign country is not compulsory, and that Express Companies
and others are prohibited from carrying mails unless the standard postage
rate was affixed with United States postage stamps. 1855, 18 May: during
the Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co., contract life, Jessey Johnson
was appointed the first U.S. Stamp Agent, with offices on Chestnut St.,
Philadelphia. Previous to Feb. 1855, printed stamps were delivered directly
to Washington; afterwards, and until 1 Feruary 1869, the stamps were
delivered to the Stamp Agent, and delivered by him to Washington, 1861,
1 June-18 October: Civil War period, some Confederate towns and cities
introduced provisional stamps, 1861, August: due to the Civil War conflict,
postage stamps and postal stationery currently available was demonitized,
the post office orders extending to January 1862. The P.O. Dept. issued
an order as early as 1863 to no longer redeem the demonitized postage,
which consisted of the 1851-1856 issues, 1863: mailmen started delivering
mail to the door in the 49 largest cities, 1863, 3 March: U.S. Post Office
Dept. Act defines that effective 30 June 1863 letter mail is designated
First Class Mail, reconfirming that prepayment is compulsory for domestic
mails. 1863, July 1: the Free City Delivery of mail authorized by the
3 March 1863 Act of Congress goes into effect in 49 cities using 449
carriers, 1863, July: 2¢ “Black Jack” issued because
3 March 1863 Act of Congress eliminated carrier’s fees, and created
a prepaid 2¢ rate for drop letters, 1864: USPOD equipped railroad
cars with equipment necessary to distribute mails between Chicago and
Clinton, Iowa, 1865, September: first Newspaper and Periodical postage
stamps issued. 1867, 8 August: accepted date for the embossing of various
size grills on U.S. postage stamps, the reason being to break the paper
fibers allowing the cancellation ink to fully penetrate, and making stamp
washing and re-use impossible, 1873, 3 March: Act of Congress authorized
Official postage stamps, to be used because of the abolishment of franking
privileges. 1873, May: first 1¢ Postal Card issued; earliest recorded
usage date 10 May 1873. 1873, 1 July: Official postage stamps issued
for each government department: Agriculture, Executive, Interior, Justice,
Navy, Post Office, State, Treasury, and War, 1875, 1 July: U.S. joined
the UPU as charter member country, 1877, 18 June: Semi-Official Air Post
postage stamp issued for use on covers carried on the flight of the Buffalo
Balloon ascending from Nashville and landing at Gallatin, Tennessee.
1879, March 3: Act of Congress effective 1 July 1879 authorized the usage
of Postage Due stamps.
1880: U.S. Post Office Dep’t. awards first Star Route contracts for
delivery of mails in rural or lightly populated areas by private carriers
transporting mails from one post office to another, or from a railroad
station to a post office, and usually delivering the mail to individual
mail boxes located along the route. Named “Star Routes” because
of the asterisks used to designate such routes in the contemporary / U.S.
Post Office Department Postal Bulletins. Renamed Contract Highway Routes
in 1971, 1885, 5 March: Act of Congress effective 1 October 1885 legislates
that a Special Delivery service be created, limiting the services to free
delivery offices and others serving populations of 4,000 or more customers.
1885, September: first Special Delivery postage stamp issued; earliest
recorded usage 29 September 1885 (with 1 October delivery). 1889, 2 November:
the Dakota Territory esablished 2 March 1861 became the States of North
Dakota and South Dakota. 1893: Columbus Exposition set-of-16 stamps, represents
the first U.S. commemorative issues. 1895, 31 March: ad in the Chicago Tribune offering two cent U.S. stamps for sale, first attempt to defrau. 1908: counterfeits of the 2¢ Washington Franklin stamp exist. 1911, 23 September: first official
U.S. airmail flown at the International Aviation Tournament from Garden
City Estates to Mineola, New York. Pioneer aviator Earle L. Ovington sworn
in as the first official U. S. Airmail pilot, 1911, 19 October: Semi-Official
Air Post postage stamp issued for postcards carried on a cross-country
flight which was in competition for $50,000 for the first flight completing
the trip within 30 days. The “Rodgers Aerial Post” stamp depicts
the Vin Fiz Flyer, and is the first postage stamp to picture an airplane.
1911, 1 December: first United States registration postage stamp issued.
1912, 24 August: Act of Congress legislated Parcel Post postal rates for
4 th Class mail weighing 4 ounces or less. 1913, January: first parcel
post Postage Due stamps issued. Earliest recorded usages include 15 January
1913 (5¢), 26 February 1913 (1¢), 7 July 1913 (2¢), 19 July
1913 (10¢) and 30 August 1913 (25¢. 1913, 1 July: first Parcel
Post postage stamps issued. 1917, 6 April: U.S. declared war with Germany,
1917, 10 July: first U.S. Amy Post Office (A.P.O.) organized at St. Nazaire,
France. 1917, 3 October: U.S. Congress established the War Revenue Act,
which provided for free postage for all military personnel serving in overseas
areas. 1917, 7 December: U.S. declared war with Austria-Hungary, 1918,
13 May: first United States Air Mail postage stamp issued, a 24¢ bicolor
depicting a Curtiss Corp. Jenny. Completing the set, a 16¢ value was
issued on 11 July 1918, and a 6¢ value was issued on 10 December 1918.
1918, May: Military Express Service created, with the U.S. Army assuming
responsibility for the military postal services, which previously were
handled by the U.S. Post Office Dept. 1919, 24 May: United States Postal
Agency in China “ Shanghai” postage stamps issued; placed on
sale in Shanghai on 1 July 1919; earliest recorded usage 2 July 1919. 1920,
8 September: first New York-San Francisco trans-continental airmail route
inaugurated, 1920, 15 October: first Seattle-Victoria, British Columbia,
regular airmail on contracted route inaugurated, U.S. Foreign Air Mail
(F.A.M.) Route No. 2 by Hubbard Air Transport. The service expedited the
Far East mails, routed via ships docking at Victoria. 1920, 1 November:
first Key West, Florida- Havana, Cuba regular airmail routed on contracted
route inaugurated on U. S. Foreign Air Mail (F.A.M.) Route No. 4 by Florida
West Indies Airways. 1922: counterfeits of the 2¢ Fourth Bureau stamp issue exist, perf. 12 or 14, genuine is perf. 11. 1923, 9 April: first New Orleans-Pilottown, Louisiana,
regular airmail route on contract route inaugurated on U.S. Foreign Air
Mail (F.A.M.) Route No. 3 by Gulf Coast Airline, Inc. The service expedited
the Central and South America mails, routed via ships docking at Pilottown.
1923, 2 May: Bureau of Engraving and Printing begins the production of
the “Bureau” precancels. The first issue precanceled was the
1923 perf. 10 1¢ green Franklin issue, the precancellation being “ New
York / N.Y.” betweenntwo bars. 1924, 1 July: first New York-San Francisco
night-flying trans-continental airmail route inaugurated, 1925, 1 August:
first Rural Free Delivery (R.F.D.) Airmail Star Route services completed
by aviator Lt. Robert S. Fogg flying along the shoreline of Lake Winnipesaukee,
New Hampshire, 1928, 25 June: first Special Handling postage stamps issued.
1929, 1 May: due to a series of post office robberies in Kansas and Nebraska,
stamps from the 1922-1925 issue were overprinted with “ Kans.” or “ Nebr.” for
identification purposes, and as a deterrent for further thefts, 1934, 30
August: first Air Post Special Delivery postage stamp issued. 1935, 22
November: first trans-Pacific San Francisco-Manila, Philippines, regular
airmail on contracted route inaugurated on U.S. Foreign Air Mail (F.A.M.)
Route No. 14 by Pan American Airways Inc., special 25¢ airmail stamp
depicting the “China Clipper” issued to pay the postage for
this airmail service. 1938: counterfeits of the 3¢ Jefferson stamp exist, perf. 12 or imperforate; genuine is perf. 11 x 10 1/2. 1939, 20 May: first trans-Atlantic New York-Marseilles,
France, and Southhampton, England regular airmail on contracted route inaugurated
on U.S. Foreign Air Mail (F.A.M.) Route No. 18 by Pan American Airways
Inc., special 30¢ airmail stamp depicting a “Winged Globe” issued
to pay postage for this airmail service, 1941, 8 December: U.S. declared
war with Japan, 1941, 11 December: U.S. declared war with Germany and Italy,
1942, 5 June: U.S. declared war with Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania, 1945,
1 February: first Postal Note stamps issued. 1949, 1 November: Railroad
Mail Service merged with other similar services; the service was discontinued
30 June 1977. 1950: U.S. forces sent to Korea. 1955, 6 June: U.S. Certified
Mail postage stamp issued. 1956: counterfeits of the 4¢ Lincoln stamp exist, missing hair lines in the berad and head. 1964: Vietnam War. 1967: counterfeits of the 13¢ Kennedy exist, half-tone screening, rather then engraved as on the genuine stamp. 1970: counterfeits of the 6¢ Eisenhower stamp exist, lithographed, whiter paper with perforations of 10 1/2. 1970: the annual volume of
mail grew to seven billion items. 1971, 1 July: United States Postal Service
formed as a government-owned corporation. 1971: counterfeits of the 8¢ Eisenhower stamp exist, names on stamp misaligned. 1973: counterfeits of the 10¢ Crossed Flags stamp exist, misaligned horizontal perforations. 1973: counterfeits of the 10¢ Jefferson Memorial stamp exist, smudged appearance. 1975: counterfeits of the 13¢ Liberty Bell stamp exist, perforations on all four sides; genuine were coils. 1984: counterfeits of the 20¢ Truman stamp exist, crudely lithographed and perforated. 1991: counterfeits of the 29¢ Flags on Parade stamp exist, fakes are rouletted, genuine perforated on four sides. 1991, 18 January: military forces
in Iraq and Kuwait, 2001, 9 October: military action in Afghanistan leading
to Iraq, 2003: committee named to make suggestions re possible reorganization
of the USPS, 2005: USPS makes deliveries of 206 billion letters, advertisements,
periodicals and packages to 142 million addresses every day to every address
in the nation, serves seven million customers each day at its 37,000 retail
locations, has annual revenues of more than $69 billion, and delivers more
than 46 percent of the world’s mail volume.
United States of Colombia: federation of nine sovereign
states in Colombia; 1861-1904: each state could issue its own stamps,
1886: lost their sovereignty but continued to issue stamps until 1904.
United States Offices in China: see China, United States
United States of Indonesia: see Indonesia.
United States naval covers: cards or envelopes that have been postmarked
or mailed from a U.S. Navy ship.
United States Postal Service (USPS): an independent agency
of the executive branch, established on July 1, 1971, by the Postal Reorganization
Act, when it became successor to the Post Office Department.
United States Proprietary Medicine Co.: inscription on Medicine
stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
United States Postal Meter Co.: U.S. postage meter firm in 1931-44;
acquired by Commercial Controls Corp. in 1944.
United States Postal Service: Postal Reorganization Act of 1970
created the United States Postal Service from the Post Office Department,
with a board of governors that selected a postmaster general; started
July 1, 1971.
United States Specialist: journal of the United States
United States Stamp Society: formerly known as the Bureau Issues
United States Virgin Islands: see Virgin Islands.
United States Zone (Germany): 1948: stamps of Germany
overprinted with posthorn design, 1949, Sep. 7: stamps of the Federal
Unitrade: Canadian based stamp catalog of Canada and
Unit watermark: an arrangement so that a complete design appears
on every sheet of paper.
Uniunea Postala Universala: (Rom.) Universal postal Union, U.P.U.
Universal Expres - Pakke Frimk: see Copenhagen - Expres-Compagni Local Post
Universal Mail (UM): New Zealand local post with 170 stamps and 250 different postcards for sale.
Universal Penny Postage: William Hastings 1866 suggestion in a
British pamphlet for low postage rates throughout the world.
Universal Postage: inscription on stamps of New Zealand to commemorate
for a uniform postal rate for Britain's empire.
Universal Postal Union (UPU): organization to regulate
and standardize international postal usages and rates; 1850: Austro-German
Postal union formed for German-speaking postal administrations, 1862,
Aug.: US PMG Montgomery Blair suggested an “international concert of action”
regarding the international postal scene, 1863, May 11: conference held
in Paris, no binding treaties signed, 1868: Heinrich von Stephan, director
posts, North German Confederation, wrote “Note on the Universal
Postal Congress” to form a postal treaty, 1874, Oct. 9: representatives
of 21 countries signed Treaty of the General Postal Union, 1878: formally
adopted Universal Postal Union name, 1898: recommended that stamps be
blue for letters, red for postcards, and green for printed matter, 1927,
Sept.: uniform rates established for mail carried by air, 1947, Nov: became
specialized agency of the United Nations, 1952: formally abolished requirement
that stamps be blue for letters, red for postcards, and green for printed
matter, 1957: issued own stamps courtesy of the Swiss post, “Universal
Postal Union” inscription 2003: 190 member countries.
Universal Postal Union: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for
League of Nations.
Universal Postal Union 1874-1949: (With King George VI and Crown)
Universal Service: USPS term for delivery and pick up from everywhere
in the U. S.
Universal Stamping Machine Company: manufacturer of canceling machines
in the 1900s.
University College: issues to commemorate the opening of the University
College of the West Indies, 1951.
Unlisted, Unl: unlisted, not in a philatelic catalog..
Unmailable: US marking to indicate seals not permitted on front
ofenvelopes, PMG Order 5620; July 1, 1911.
UNMIBH: United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark,
Finland and Sweden, Dec. 1995 - March 1996.
UNMIK: United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
issued stamps for Kosovo March 14, 2001 for internal use only.
UNMOGIP: United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan; Denmark,
Finland, Norway and Sweden; Jan. 24, 1949 to date
UNMOP: United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka, Denmark,
Finland and Norway forces, 1996.
UNMOT: United nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan, Denmark,
Unmounted mint: stamps which have never been hinged or mounted.
Unna: city in Germany, local post, 1945-48
Uno: (Rom.) one (number).
UNOC: United Nations Operations in the Congo; Denmark Aug. 1960
- June 1964, Norway July 1960 - March 1964, and Swedish forces, July 1960
- May 1964.
Unofficial: 1: varieties not authorized by the postal authorities.
2: nicht amtlich (Ger.); non officiel (Fr.), non ufficiale
(It.), no official (Sp.).
Unofficial cachet: cachet applied by an agency other than the Post
Unofficial cancel: cancel at a different location for the designated
new issue site.
Unofficial first day cancel (UO): cancels applied on the first
day of issue but not in the first day of issue city.
Unofficial First Day Cover: cover with a stamp affixed canceled
on the first day of issue, but not from the city where the stamp was officially
Unofficial flight cover: flown without postal authorization
Unofficial perforations: perforations done after issuance of a
stamp by a private party, to help separate the stamps such as the Confederate
issues and private vending machine coils.
Unofficial reprints: stamps reprinted at a later date from the
original plates but not by the original issuing entity.
Unofficial stamps: stamps issued by bus, airline, shipping firms,
carriers and freights companies to prepay the charges on their services;
may be considered as local or cinderella stamps.
UNOGIL: United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon, Denmark, Finland
and Norway forces, June - Dec.1958.
UNOMIG: United nations Observer Mission in Georgia, Denmark and
Sweden, Sept. 1993.
UNOMIL: United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia, Swedish forces,
Sept. - Nov. 1993.
Únor: (Czech.) February.
UNOSOM I: United Nations Operations in Somalia, Finland Aug. 1992
- March 1993 and Norway forces, Dec.1992 - March 1993.
UNOSOM II: United Nations Operations in Somalia, Norway and Sweden
UNPA: United Nations Postal Administration.
Unpaid letter stamps: original name for postage due stamps.
Unperforated: term used for a stamp that did not receive perforations,
a production error.
UNPF: United Nations Peace Forces, in Zagreb, March 1995 - Jan.1996.
UNPO: Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization; based in
UNPREDEP: United Nations Preventive Deployment Force, Macedonia,
Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden supplied forces from April 1995-Oct.
Unprinted areas in stamp design: caused by inadequate ink on the
plate, cleaning solvent dissipating the ink, foreign matter on the plate,
weak spot on the impression roller, etc.
UNPROFOR: United Nations Protection Forces in Yugoslavia Denmark,
Norway, and Swedish forces 1992-1995; in Bosnia dn Herzegovina March -
Unreserved auction: no hidden reserves or stated reserves selling
lots for whatever is offered by the bidders.
Unrestricted: “unrestricted” air mail stamps
are valid for any purpose for which a stamp can beused; see Restricted.
Unsevered: a connected pair of strip of stamps.
Unsorted: a mixture or accumulation that has not been inspected
to see if anything of value was present.
Unsprezece: (Rom.) eleven (number).
UNTAC: United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia; Norway
and Sweden, Feb. 1992-Sept. 1993.
UNTAES: United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern
Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium; Denmark, Finland and Norway forces,
UNTAG: United Nations Transition Assistance Group, in Namibia (South
West Africa),Denmark, Norway and Sweden, April 1989 - March 1990.
Untagged: a stamp printed without tagging.
UNTAET: United Nations Transitional Administration, East Timor,
UNTEA: West Irian overprint on stamps of Netherlands New Guinea
for United Nations Temporary Executive Authority for West New Guinea,1962.
Unten: (Ger.) bottom, lowest side of anything.
Unterbrochen: (Ger.) broken.
Untergebot: (Ger.) bid under limit.
Unterlegt: (Ger.) repaired.
Unternehmenslogo: (Ger.) (stamp) organizing group logo.
Unterrand: (Ger.) bottom, lowest side.
Unterscheidungszeichen: (Ger.) a good, sound copy.
Unterscheidliche: (Ger.) a sound copy, not good, if used,
not too heavily postmarked.
Unterschrift: (Ger.) signature.
Unterseeboot Post: (Ger.) U-Boat Post, March 1945, stamp
issued on Hela Peninsula, Danzig, for mail sent via submarine to the unoccupied
UNTSO: United Nations Truce Supervision Organization for Palestine; the Arab-Israeli
conflict, consisting of troops from Denmark 1954, Norway 1956, Finland
1967 and Sweden 1948, all to date.
UNOMOZ: United Nations Operation in Mozambique, Finland May - Nov.
1994, Norway March - Nov. 1994, and Sweden forces Jan. - Dec. 1994.
Unu Safaro unu pastoro: (Esperanto) one flock and one shepherd,
motto on labels.
Unused: 1: a stamp in mint condition as purchased from the post
office. 2: a stamp that has no gum or is regummed.
Unvollständig: (Ger.) incomplete.
Unwatermarked: stamps printed on paper that has no watermark.
UNYOM: United Nations Yemen Observation Mission, Denmark, Norway
and Sweden, July 1963 - Sept. 1964.
UO: Official Envelope; Scott catalog number prefix to identify
stamps other than standard postage.
Uofficiel: (Dan.) unofficial, not official.
Uoffisielle: (Dan., Nor.) official.
UOPTO CKPNCOPN: (resembles these letters) Romania-Moldavia.
UP: auction abbreviation for Universal Postal Union.
U.P.A.E.: Union Postal de las Americas y Espańa (Sp.) Postal
Union of the Americas and Spain.
Up-charged: UPU term for reclassification of a postal item to a
higher cost of service; used with split-back postcards when they first
came out; see split-back.
Upchuk, AK: joke precancel on U.S. stamps.
UPHA rOPA: (looks like these letters) Montenegro, Italian Occupation.
UPO: Underwater Post office, opened in Vanuatu, May 2004.
Upotrebená: (Czech.) used (stamp[s]), see Známka postovním razítkem.
Upper Austria: Lower Austria and Germany; 1945: Britain and the
U.S. issued Allied Military Government stamps.
Upper Darqali: 1: printed in 1960s by a philatelist who invented
country so stamps could be used to illustrate his work on stamp terms.
2: Lazy Natives, Old Leper Colony, Forcados Falls, inscriptions, unissued
Great Britain cinderellas by David Horry, 2001.
Upper Laurania: fantasies created by John de Treville
with countries taken from Winston Churchill's book, Savrola.
Upper Senegal and Niger: see Senegal, Upper.
Upper Silesia: see Silesia, Upper.
Upper Slobovia: Wilkinsburg Stamp Club joke souvenir sheets.
Upper Volta: northwestern Africa, north of Ghana, aka
Burkino Faso; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1894-1902: used stamps
of French Sudan, 1902-04: used stamps of Senegambia and Niger, 1904-20:
used stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger, 1919, March 1: French territory
of Upper Volta formed from Upper Senegal and Niger, 1920, Dec: No.1,
1 centime brown violet and violet; first stamps were “Haute-Volta” (Upper
Volta) overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger, first postage due
stamp, 1933, Jan.1: Upper Volta divided between French Sudan, Ivory Coast,
and Niger Territory, 1947: named as an overseas territory of France, used
stamps of French West Africa, 1958, Dec. 11: autonomous state as Republic
of Upper Volta within the French community, 1959: stamps inscribed “Republique
de Haute Volta,” 1960, Aug. 5: became fully independent, 1960,
Aug. 11: first issue as autonomous republic, 1961, Mar. 4: first air
mail stamp, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp, 1963, Feb. 1: first
official stamp, 1984, Aug. 4: name changed to Burkino Faso, 1984, Nov.
21: first stamps as Burkino Faso; see Burkino Faso.
Upper Yafa State: Yafa State: Sultanate of South Arabia;
1967: issued own stamps; part of Federation of South Arabia, not listed
in Scott; 1967, Dec.: became part of the Peopleâ€™s Democratic Republic
Upside down Jenny: nickname for the 1918 24˘ inverted U. S.
UPSS: United Postal Stationery Society.
U.P.U.: 1: see Universal Postal Union. 2: common design
on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1949, 1970; British Commonwealth
of Nations, 1949.
UR: abbreviation for upper right.
Ural: bogus Russian local overprint.
Urbanos Medellin: inscription of locals of Medellin, Colombia.
Urchin Post: United Kingdom postal strike: local post 1971.
Urdal Local Post: see Tromso - M. Urdal Local Post.
Urdruck: (Ger.) initial printing.
Úredne otevreno devisovou kontrolou: (Czech.) opened
by the office for the control of currency, label used to reseal mail after
being opened to check enclosure for currency, 1939.
Urgencia: (Sp.) inscription on special delivery stamps of
Urgente: (Sp.) special delivery.
Urho: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail,
U.R.I.: Uprave Ratnih Invalida (Society for Wounded Invalids) overprint
on stamps of Yugoslavia, semipostal without official postal value, 1923.
Urplatte: (Ger.) original or first plate.
U.R.S.S.: Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas (Sp.) U.S.S.R. Union of Soviet Socialist Republic.
Urstempel: (Ger.) die; a block of metal that has been hand
or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps.
URU: international postal code for Uruguay.
Uruguay: South America between Brazil and Argentina;
official name of postal administration: El Correo currency: 120 centavos
= 1 real, 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 peso (1859), 1000 milesimos
= 1 peso uruguayo (1898) 1830: became independent, 1856, Oct.1: No.1,
60 centavos blue; known as the “Diligencia” issue; carried by diligence
or speed via private mail coach, 1859, June 26: general government issue
inscribed Montevideo, 1862-72: stamps of Great Britain used at Montevideo,
1864, Apr. 13: inscribed Republica Oriental, 1880, July 1: joined the
UPU, 1880: first official stamp issued, 1902: first postage due stamp
issued, 1921, Aug.: first special delivery stamp issued, 1921: first air
mail stamp issued, overprint “Correo Aereo,” 1922, Jan. 15:
first parcel post stamp issued, 1922, June 1: first newspaper stamp issued,
1930, Nov. 13: first semipostal stamp issued, 1936, May 18: set of six
late fee stamps issued, 1959, Dec. 29: first air mail semipostal stamps
issued, see Alcance y.U.H., Artigas.
Urval: (Swed.) selection.
Urzhum: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1895-1901, see
US$: dollar, currency unit in USA, British Virgin Islands,
Ecuador, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Timor-Leste, Turks & Caicos
Islands, United Nations (N.Y.).
U.S.: abbreviation for United States.
USA: 1. United States of America inscription. 2. international
postal code for the United States of America.
U.S.A. Airmail to: United Kingdom postal strike: local post 1971.
USA Armee Czechy: private overprint on stamps of Germany.
Usado: (Sp.) used, a stamp that has been employed for the
postal or revenue service for which it was issued.
Usado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen canceled.
Usćdvanlig: (Dan.) uncommon, scarce.
USA First Class: 1: love; U. S. non-denominated postage
stamp, value 34¢, issued Jan. 19, 2001. 2: Statue of Liberty; U. S. non-denominated
postage stamp, value 34¢, issued Dec. 15, 2000.
Usagé: (Fr.) used, a stamp that has been employed
for the postal or revenue service for which it was issued.
Usages: ways in which stamps are used; such as first class, air mail,
USA Philatelic: the mail-order stamp catalog of the USPS, free
by writing to Fulfillment Services, P.O. Box 219424, Kansas City, MO 64121-9424.
USAPS: U. S. Army Postal Service.
Usato: (It.) used, a stamp that has been employed for the
postal or revenue service for which it was issued.
U.S. Automatic Vending Machine Co.: New York, N.Y. manufacturer
of stamp vending machines, 1906-12, distinctive perforation.
U.S. Bank Note Co.: contractor for printing U.S. postage stamps,
U.S.C.E.: Universal Stamp and Cover Exchange.
U.S. Charge to Collect (amount) Cents: marking on mail arriving
in the United States from overseas to indicate amount of postage due.
U.S. Christian Commission: established Nov. 1861; volunteers donated
stationery and wrote more than 90,000 letters for soldiers, on both sides
of the Civil War, who were unable to write for themselves.
U. S. civil censorship: cancel from Munich, Germany used post World
War II from displaced persons camps and other facilities.
U.S. Clipper: refers to U. S. airmail flying boat stamps issued
in 1935 and 1937.
USCS: Universal Ship Cancellation Society.
Usé: (Fr.) postally used stamp.
Used: 1: a stamp that has been employed for the postal or revenue
service for which it was issued. 2: gebraucht (Ger.); oblitéré
(Fr.); usato (It.); usado (Sp.).
Used abroad: stamps used outside the issuing country; usually means
a stamp posted and cancelled at an office established by a postal administration
in a foreign country.
Used on cover: stamps postmarked and saved on the original envelope.
Used on piece: stamp saved on a portion of the original cover to
preserve the entire postmark.
Used proofs: proofs which have performed postal duty such as Lithuania's
National Assembly stamps of 1920 used for postage.
Usedvanlig: (Nor.) uncommon, scarce.
U S entires: the complete prestamped envelope.
U.S. Express Mail: circular handstamp applied at steamboat terminals,
U.S. Express Post: S. Allan Taylor label, 1865.
U.S. French Sea P.O.: marking on U.S.- French service, New York
to Le Havre, 1912-17, with one French and one U.S. postal clerk aboard
U.S. government flight: airmail services conducted under authority
of a federal agency in pioneering future commercial airmail route within
USGPO: U. S. Government Printing Office.
U.S.I.R.: U.S. Internal Revenue; without periods makes up the watermark
used for revenue stamps.
Uskub: (Skopje) overprint on stamps of Turkey for Sultan's
visit to Macedonia.
U.S. Mail: 1: any mailable matter that is accepted for mail processing
and delivery by the USPS. 2: 1849-50; see Carriers" Stamps.
US Mail Agency: handstamp used in Vera Cruz, Mexico during occupation,
see : Vera Cruz.
US Mail Coach: waybill for stage route with listing of fares, passengers,
names and destinations.
U.S. Mail Pre-Paid: New York, N.Y.; see Carriers'.
U.S.M. Co. (Universal Safety Match Co.): inscription on Match stamp;
see Private die proprietary stamps.
U.S. Naval Mission to Brazil: postal marking started Dec. 21, 1922
when 35 U.S. naval personnel were sent to Brazil, stamps of Brazil used,
U.S. Overseas Steam mail Packet Service, 1847-1939: The U.S. Congress,
1845, authorized building a mail packet service exclusively with steam
USPCS: United States Philatelic Classics Society.
U.S. Penny Mail: postmark, 1861-63, used by Philadelphia mail carriers
for local mail.
U.S. Penny Post: 1849-57, St. Louis; see Carriers" Stamps.
U.S. Pkt: U.S. Packets passing through London to the Continent.
USPMSC: United States Postage Meter Stamp Catalog.
U.S.P.O.: United States Post Office, mid-1800s, New York, N.Y.;
USPOD: 1: United States Post Office Department, official branch
of the government for delivering the mail until 1971, when it became the
USPS. 2: watermark on paper used for U.S. Postal Cards, 1873-75.
USPO Despatch: 1851, Nov. 17, several cities, see Carriers'
U.S. Postal Agency, Barranquilla, Col. S.A.: handstamp for agency
established 1936 for mail addressed to the West Coast of South America,
where mail was then assorted for northern and southern plane service.
U.S. Postal Agency, Shanghai: authorized by Act of Congress,
July 27, 1868, abolished Dec. 31, 1922; prior to July 1, 1919, U.S. stamps
were used; after that date, the overprint "Shanghai China" was
U.S. Postal Agency Tientsen: handstamp used at U.S. Consulate in
U.S. Postal Savings Certificate of Deposit: receipt
for the U.S. Postal Savings program, which ran from 1911 to 1970; depositor
would complete a card or booklet of postal savings stamps and receive
the certificate. CHECK! U. S. Postal Savings Stamps: issued by the Post
Office Department, 1911-61, 10¢ and 25¢ stamps showing Minute
Man design to support national effort for World War II.
U.S. Postmasters' Provisionals: issued in a number of U.S. cities
between 1845, when uniform postal rates were established by Congress,
and 1847, when U.S. postage stamps were used.
U.S. Proprietary Medicine Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see
Private die proprietary stamps.
USPS: 1: United States Postal Service, established by the Postal
Reorganization Act of July 1, 1971 as an independent, self-supporting
federal agency within the Executive Branch. 2: United States Postage Stamp,
applied as a watermark on U.S. stamps of 1895-1917. 3: Union of Swiss
USS: 1: The U. S. Specialist. 2: United States Ship, Steamer or
USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
U.S.S. Revenue & Postage Saurashtra: overprint on stamps of
Soruth for United State of Saurashtra, see Soruth.
USSS: United States Stamp Society, formerly the Bureau Issues Association.
U. States Letter Express: local post, unknown origin.
U.S.T.C.: United State of Travancore-Cochin, India 1949.
Ustiuzhna: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1889-97, see
Ústrizek Pruvodky: (Czech.) parcel clipping.
Ustsysolsk: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1872-1916, see
U. S. War Savings Certificate Stamp: issued by the Treasury Department,
U.S. Zone (Germany): 1948: stamps of Germany overprinted with posthorn
design for use in U.S. and British zones.
UT: USPS abbreviation for Utah.
Utah: 1: became a U.S. territory Sept. 9, 1850, state Jan. 4, 1896;
ceded from Mexico Feb. 2, 1848. 2: also known as Mormon Stamps, supposedly
issued by Brigham Young in 1853, but printed in 1864.
Utah postage: bogus Mormon label, 1852, pictured Brigham Young.
Utakket: (Dan., Nor.) imperforated.
Utan: (Swed.) without.
Utan gummering: (Swed.) unused, without gum, see Ostämplat
Utca: (Hung.) street.
Uten gummi: (Nor.) unused, no gum.
Utenlandsk: (Nor.) foreign.
Uten punkt: (Nor.) without period, without stop.
Útery: (Czech.) Tuesday.
Utflutet tryck: (Swed.) blurred print.
Utgĺva: (Swed.) issue.
Utgave: (Nor.) issue.
Utica Express Co.: fake local label from the 1870s.
Utiel: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican
Utilisé pour la poste: (Fr.) postally used.
Utrera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican
Utropstecknet: (Swed.) exclamation mark.
Utstilling: (Nor.) exhibition.
UV: Ultraviolet light; see Ultraviolet.
Uvea: see Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Uw.: abbreviation for unwatermarked.
UX: Postal Card. Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps
other than standard postage.
UXC: Scott Catalog number prefix for Air Post Postal Card.
UY: Scott Catalog number prefix for Reply Postal Card.
UZ: Scott Catalog number prefix for Official Postal Card.
Uzbekistan: Central Asia, north of Afghanistan; Official name of postal administration: Post of Uzbekisan. currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 tiyin = 1 sum. 1924: Socialist republic established, 1991, Dec. 26: joined with ten other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1992, May 7: No.1, 20 kopecks multicolor, first stamp issued, 1994, Feb. 24: joined the UPU.
Území: (Czech.) territory.
Uzhgorod: city in Ukraine, local overprint,1993.